Andrew Trollope

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Sir Andrew Trollope (died 1461) was an English soldier during the later stages of the Hundred Years' War and at the time of the Wars of the Roses. Born into a family of Durham dyers, Trollope began his long military career in France in the 1420s as a man at arms, serving under John Fastolf and later John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset. After surrendering the fortress of Fresnay in 1450, Trollope was made Master Porter of Calais, a capacity in which he continued to serve until 1459. It was in this office that he prevented pirates and French ships alike from sailing, but also seized and stole from 'the ships of allies and subjects alike' to such an extent that he has been called a 'freebooter.'[1]

Shortly before the confrontation at Ludford Bridge, Trollope sailed for England with Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick known as ("The Kingmaker"). At the Battle of Ludford Bridge Trollope commanded part of the Yorkist army of Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York, but betrayed him to the Lancastrians bringing with him 'valuable intelligence' regarding York's army.[2] From then on, Trollope was an invaluable strategist to Margaret of Anjou; he took part in the ambush at Worksop on York's march north in December 1460[3] and then supposedly concocted the Lancastrian plan at the Battle of Wakefield, where York and Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury were killed. Andrew Trollope also fought at the Second Battle of St Albans, where he stepped on a caltrop and was knighted by Queen Margaret. His importance to the Lancastrian cause can be seen by the fact that in March 1461, the recently proclaimed King Edward IVoffered a £100 reward to anyone who killed 'certain named enemies of the House of York,' which included Trollope.[4] Six weeks later, he went with the Lancastrians to the Battle of Towton to fight the Yorkist army of Edward IV. Considered the "opposite number" of his contemporary William Neville, 1st Earl of Kent, Trollope's death in the battle would be 'a damaging blow'[5] for the future of the Lancastrian cause. He was posthumously attainted, and his son Sir David Trollope was also killed at Towton.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Griffiths, p. 733
  2. ^ Griffiths, p. 822
  3. ^ Gillingham, p. 191
  4. ^ Gillingham, p. 131
  5. ^ Gillingham, p. 135

Sources[edit]

  • Curry, Anne (September 2004), "Trollope, Sir Andrew (d. 1461)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford: Oxford University Press, retrieved 2008-08-06 
  • Gillingham, J. (1983). The Wars of the Roses. London. 
  • Griffiths, R.A. (1981). The Reign of Henry VI. Berkeley.