Andrew Wylie (college president)

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Andrew Wylie
Andrew Wylie IU.jpg
President of Indiana University
Term 1829 – 1851
Successor Alfred Ryors
President of Jefferson College
Term 1811 – 1816
Predecessor James Dunlap
Successor William McMillan
President of Washington College
Term 1817 – 1728
Predecessor Matthew Brown
Successor David Elliott
Born (1789-04-12)April 12, 1789
Washington County, Pennsylvania
Died November 11, 1851(1851-11-11) (aged 62)
unknown
Alma mater Jefferson College
Religion Presbyterian

Andrew Wylie (April 12, 1789 – November 11, 1851) was an American academic and theologian, who was president of Jefferson College (1811–1816) and Washington College (1816–1828) before becoming the first president of Indiana University (1829–1851).[1]

Early life and education[edit]

The son of Adam Wylie, an immigrant from County Antrim, Ireland and farmer in Fayette County, Pennsylvania, Andrew was educated at home and in local schools in Washington County, Pennsylvania. In 1804, at age fifteen, Wylie entered Jefferson College, in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania. He graduated with honors in 1810 and was immediately appointed a tutor at the college.

President of Jefferson and Washington Colleges[edit]

The next year, in 1811, Wylie was elected unanimously to serve as president of Jefferson College. He was licensed to preach in 1812, and in 1813 was ordained as a Presbyterian minister. In 1813 he married Margaret Ritchie, daughter of a wealthy Canonsburg merchant.

While president of Jefferson College, Wylie led a controversial effort to merge with nearby Washington College. When that effort failed, in 1816 Wylie moved on to become president of Washington College and pastor of the Presbyterian church. In 1825 Wylie was given an honorary Doctorate of Divinity from Union College, in Schenectady, New York. Wylie resigned his presidency in 1828, over a theological dispute among local Presbyterian groups in Washington, Pennsylvania.

He was close friends with William Holmes McGuffey, who lived in Wylie's house for a time; they often would walk the 3 miles to Washington College together.[2]

He was one of the original members of the Presbytery of Washington (in Pennsylvania), which was founded on October 19, 1819.[3]

President of Indiana University[edit]

In 1828, the trustees of the newly formed Indiana College wrote to Wylie offering him the position of president. Wylie accepted and began in the fall of 1829. There he joined two other faculty members, Baynard Rush Hall who taught Ancient Greek and Latin, and John Hopkins Harney who taught mathematics, natural philosophy, mechanical philosophy and chemistry. In addition to serving as President, Wylie taught classes in moral philosophy, mental philosophy, rhetoric, evidences of Christianity, belles lettres, and the Constitution of the United States. When he arrived at Indiana College the total enrollment was 40 students. Additionally, he found local schools lacking and established a preparatory department in the College. Several students from Washington College followed Wylie to complete their degrees at Indiana College.

In 1837 he recruited his half-cousin Theophilus Adam Wylie to Indiana College to teach mathematics, natural philosophy and chemistry.

He guided the school through an important time of transition as the state legislature rechartered the college as Indiana University in 1838.

In 1842, Wylie established the law department at Indiana University, which became the School of Law in 1889.

In Bloomington, Wylie continued to have conflicts with Presbyterians over Calvinist theology. In 1841, he left the Presbyterian Church to become a deacon in the Protestant Episcopal Church, and became an ordained priest in 1842.

Wylie died in office in 1851, after complications from a wood-chopping accident.

During his time as president at Indiana University, student enrollment increased from 40 to 74 enrolled in the college, 58 in the preparatory department, and 28 in the law department.

Wylie’s Bloomington, Indiana home, is preserved as the Wylie House Museum by Indiana University and is administered by the IU Libraries.

Works[edit]

  • Wylie, D.D., Andrew (June 1833). "Sermon XIV: The Nature of Faith". In Rev. S.C. Jennings. The Presbyterian Preacher (Pittsburgh: D. and M. MacLean) II (1): 193–208. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  1. ^ "Andrew Wylie (1812-1816)". U. Grant Miller Library Digital Archives. Washington & Jefferson College. 2003-09-04. 
  2. ^ Coleman, Helen Turnbull Waite (1956). Banners in the Wilderness: The Early Years of Washington and Jefferson College. University of Pittsburgh Press. pp. 111–120. OCLC 2191890. 
  3. ^ Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A, ed. (1889). "History of Organization and Proceedings of Presbytery 1819-1888". History of the Presbytery of Washington. J.B. Rodgers. p. 41. 
Academic offices
Preceded by
James Dunlap
President of Jefferson College
1812 – 1816
Succeeded by
William McMillan
Preceded by
Matthew Brown
President of Washington College
1817 – 1828
Succeeded by
David Elliott
Preceded by
no predecessor
President of Indiana University
1829 – 1851
Succeeded by
Alfred Ryors