Andrew of Crete (martyr)

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For the archbishop of the same name, see Andrew of Crete.

Saint Andrew of Crete is a martyr of the Christian Church. A fervent iconophile, he was executed in the Forum Bovis of Constantinople at the orders of Emperor Constantine V in 766 or 767, during the Byzantine Iconoclasm.[1] His feast day is October 17. The monastery of St Andrew in Krisei in Constantinople, currently the Koca Mustafa Pasha Mosque in Istanbul, was dedicated to him.[2] It should be noticed that according to modern sources,[3] the figure of Andrew of Crete, like those of many iconophile Saints lived under the iconoclastic period, is legendary.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Janin (1964), p. 70.
  2. ^ Müller-Wiener (1977), p. 173.
  3. ^ Brubaker (2011)

Sources[edit]

  • Attwater, Donald and Catherine Rachel John. The Penguin Dictionary of Saints. 3rd edition. New York: Penguin Books, 1993. ISBN 0-14-051312-4.
  • Janin, Raymond (1964). Constantinople Byzantine (2 ed.). Paris: Institut français d'etudes byzantines. 
  • Müller-Wiener, Wolfgang (1977). Bildlexikon Zur Topographie Istanbuls: Byzantion, Konstantinupolis, Istanbul Bis Zum Beginn D. 17 Jh (in German). Tübingen: Wasmuth. ISBN 978-3-8030-1022-3. 
  • Brubaker, Leslie; Haldon, John (2011). Byzantium in the Iconoclast era (ca 680-850). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-05-21-43093-7.