Andrews University

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Andrews University
Andrews University logo.svg
Motto Corpus, Mens, Spiritus
Motto in English Body, Mind, Spirit
Established 1874
Type Private
Flagship
Religious affiliation Seventh-day Adventist Church
Endowment $26.3 million[1]
President Niels-Erik Andreasen[2]
Provost Andrea Luxton
Academic staff 298
Students 3,420[3]
Undergraduates 1,760[4]
Other students 850 (Seminary)
Location Berrien Springs, Michigan, USA
Campus Rural, 1,600 acres (6.5 km2)
Former names Battle Creek College
Emmanuel Missionary College
Student:Teacher ratio 10:1
Colors Gold and Blue          
Athletics USCAA
Nickname Cardinals
Mascot Cardinal
Affiliations CIC
Website www.andrews.edu
Designated: September 13, 1963

Andrews University is a university in Berrien Springs, Michigan. Founded in 1874 as Battle Creek College, it was the first higher education facility started by Seventh-day Adventists, and is the flagship university of the Seventh-day Adventist school system.[5][6]

The university consists of eight schools or colleges, offering 130 undergraduate majors and 70 graduate majors. In addition, post-baccalaureate degrees are offered by all.[7] It is accredited by the Adventist Accrediting Association (AAA) and North Central Association of Colleges and Schools (NCA).

History[edit]

1874-1901 Battle Creek College[edit]

Andrews University was founded as a small Seventh-day Adventist school called Battle Creek College in 1874 named for the nearby city of Battle Creek, Michigan.

1901-1959 Emmanuel Missionary College[edit]

In 1901, the school moved from Battle Creek, Michigan to its current location in Berrien Springs.[8] It is said that everything the school had was packed up in 16 boxcars and sent on its way. The school was renamed "Emmanuel Missionary College",[8] or EMC for short.[9] as "the first school among us having a distinctive Biblical name".[8]

After this SDA college that had been known as Battle Creek College moved to Berrien Springs, Dr. John Harvey Kellogg opened a new Battle Creek College in Battle Creek under his presidency in 1923, by bringing together the existing Training School for Nurses, the School of Home Economics, and the School of Physical Education. This Battle Creek College operated until 1938.[10]

Emmanuel Missionary College continued to grow slowly through the early 20th century. In the 1940s, Nethery Hall, the current location of the College of Arts and Sciences, was built as the administration building. Its construction marked the culmination of an aggressive building program.[11][12]

SDA Theological Seminary[edit]

In the 1930s Seventh-day Adventist leaders established a Theological Seminary. At first, it was located on the campus of Pacific Union College in the Napa Valley, California. Later it was moved to Washington, D.C. and located near the denominational headquarters.

1959-1974 Andrews University[edit]

The following events culminated in relocating the graduate program and theological seminary of Potomac University from Washington, D.C. and joining with the school in Berrien Springs in 1959.

Potomac University[edit]

In 1956, denominational leaders decided to organize a university in order to train elementary and secondary teachers in an Adventist school rather than send them to an unaffiliated university which did not promote a denominational perspective.."[13]

In 1956 a charter was granted. The new school was named Potomac University. Earlier, Ellen White, cofounder of the Adventist Church, had advised that Adventist schools locate in rural settings. Church leaders looked for a suitable rural location where the new university could be near to, and in affiliation with, Washington Missionary College, now Washington Adventist University. Over a period of two years effort was put forth to find such a location. Finally the idea was abandoned. Too much expense was involved in making such a move.[14]

At the 1958 Autumn Council, held in Washington, the board of Emmanuel Missionary College invited the General Conference to locate Potomac University on its campus. After careful deliberation, the council voted unanimously to accept the offer and move the institution to the EMC campus.[14]

Arrangements similar to those envisioned for Washington Missionary College were made with EMC. Emmanuel Missionary College did not lose its identity. It remained the college for the youth of the Lake Union Conference, but was affiliated with the new Seventh-day Adventist university.[14]

In 1959, H. L. Rudy, a vice-president for the SDA General Conference, described the relationship of the new graduate university with Emmanuel Missionary College:

Potomac University (a new name is under study) has been founded to meet the graduate needs of students, teachers, ministers, and^ other workers of the church. As a "university-type General Conference institution" it draws students from the entire world field. The undergraduate school—Emmanuel Missionary College—will continue to recruit its students from its own territory, but the Seminary and the School of Graduate Studies may recruit students from the entire world field.[15]

Renamed Andrews University[edit]

Because of the addition of the graduate programs and the seminary in 1960, the school was renamed "Andrews University" in honor of John Nevins Andrews, an Adventist scholar and the first officially sponsored overseas missionary for the Seventh-day Adventist Church. Over the past three years, church leaders had discussed an appropriate new name for this graduate university.

On April 18, 1957, the Minutes of the General Conference Committee report gave the conclusion that " the name of the graduate school be Adventist University"[16] Three years later, the April 5, 1960, Minutes of the General Conference Committee's Spring Meeting recommended that it be Andrews University, saying "This name was chosen because it honors our first missionary, a scholarly, dedicated man, J. N, Andrews, and is a name that has a very strong Adventist appeal.[17]

Six months later, for the October 26 meeting of the Autumn Council decided that "the West Coast University be named Loma Linda University." [18]

These minutes reveal a growing awareness among church leaders that the Seventh-day Adventist Church had two, rather than just one, developing universities; one in the East and one on the West Coast.

Today the seminary is known as the Seventh-day Adventist Theological Seminary.

1974-Present[edit]

In 1974, the undergraduate division of Andrews was organized into two colleges—the College of Arts & Sciences and the College of Technology. The School of Business Administration, which evolved from the Department of Business Administration, was established in 1980. In a similar move, the Department of Education became the School of Education in 1983. In 1993, the Department of Architecture became the Division of Architecture, and is now the School of Architecture, Art & Design. At the same time existing and new programs in technology were restructured and a new School of Health Professions was opened in 2012.

The present organizational structure of the School of Graduate Studies was adopted in 1987. Now the School of Graduate Studies & Research, it oversees graduate programs and research activities campus-wide.

Griggs University joined Andrews in 2011 to become the School of Distance Education. It extends access to Adventist education beyond campus, community and national boundaries. It supports all schools in delivery of degrees at national and international locations, while also promoting and modeling best practices in distance education.

On Thursday, April 11, 2007, President Niels-Erik Andreasen announced at a special chapel assembly that the university had just received a gift totaling $8.5 million. The anonymous donors requested the money be spent on the following: Construction of the new entrance on Old US 31 (officially opened on June 2, 2008 and named J. N. Andrews Blvd.), Two endowed chairs: one for the Marketing Department in the School of Business Administration and the second in the Seventh-day Adventist Theological Seminary's Christian Ministry Department, Construction of a milking parlor for the Andrews Dairy, Refurbish the kitchen and dining facilities in the Campus Center, and Support for the educational program of the Aeronautics Department.[19]

Campus[edit]

Aerial view of Andrews University

Andrews University is located next to the Village of Berrien Springs in southwest Michigan. The entire campus is actually located within the Oronoko Charter Township, adjacent to the St. Joseph River and 12 miles (19 km) away from the shores of Lake Michigan. South Bend, Indiana, home of the University of Notre Dame, is 25 miles (40 km) away; thus, several Andrews faculty members hold joint appointments with Notre Dame.

The 1,600-acre (6.5 km2) campus was originally designated as an arboretum. The campus maintains a variety of indigenous trees, especially around the quad in the center of the campus. The campus is composed of 27 instructional buildings, the Howard Performing Arts Center, an airpark, four single-sex residence halls and four apartment complexes.

The four dormitories on campus are Lamson Hall, the undergraduate women's hall, Damazo Hall, the graduate women's hall,[20] Meier Hall, the undergraduate men's hall, and Burman Hall, primarily for men who are either graduate or seminary students. The residence halls strictly enforce a curfew depending on a student's age, as well as a visitation policy which does not allow students of the opposite sex in dorm rooms at any time. Students living on-campus are also required to attend a number of worship services.[21][22]

Academics[edit]

The university is made up of six schools/colleges, offering 130 undergraduate majors and 70 graduate majors.[7] In addition, post-baccalaureate degrees offered by all but the College of Technology are supervised by the School of Graduate Studies.

The university's freshmen retention rate is 83.9% while the graduation rate is 53.3%.[4]

School of Architecture, Art & Design[edit]

The School of Architecture began as a simple architecture program in 1974, offering an associates degree. The program received full accreditation as a bachelors program in 1987. In 2002 the program was approved to offer a 5½-year National Architectural Accrediting Board (NAAB)-accredited masters of architecture. On October 29, 2007, the Board of Trustees voted the Division of Architecture to be reclassified as the School of Architecture. It advocates the building and preservation of rural and urban landscapes which promote civility, healthy living and environmental stewardship. In January 2012, the School of Architecture was merged with the Department of Art & Design to form the School of Architecture, Art & Design. As a result, two new majors were introduced in the architecture program: Interior Design and Construction Management.

The mission of the Urban Design Studio is to assist real communities and their citizens in developing sound growth strategies and specific design solutions for redevelopment purposes. The studio is led by Assistant Professor Andrew von Maur, who professionally collaborates with some of the world's leading town planning offices, including Duany Plater-Zyberk & Company. The Urban Design Studio has been recognized with a 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, and 2012 Charter Award of Excellence by the Congress for the New Urbanism for its urban design and planning work in different communities, such as Saucier, Mississippi,[23] and Michigan City, Indiana.[24] Past projects have led to municipal adoption as well as implementation. Previous projects by the School of Architecture include community plans for Palmer (Alaska), Empire, Suttons Bay, Traverse City and Wayne (Michigan), Billings (Montana), Michigan City and Plymouth (Indiana), and Henderson Point and Saucier (Mississippi).[25] The Andrews University School of Architecture is one of five accredited architecture programs in the United States located at a Christian university.[26]

College of Arts & Sciences[edit]

The College of Arts & Sciences, which was officially organized in 1974, is the largest of the eight schools.[27] It is divided into thirteen departments covering a wide range of subjects encompassing the fine arts, the sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences. The College also offers pre-professional programs in law, health, and medicine. Many pre-medical graduates go on to attend Loma Linda University for a professional education in medicine.

School of Business Administration[edit]

The School of Business Administration first began to offer graduate education in business in 1964. It has been housed in its current location in Chan Shun Hall since 1989 and offers Bachelor of Business Administration, Master of Science in Administration and Master of Business Administration degrees. The school is a member of the Accreditation Council for Business Schools and Programs (ACBSP).

School of Distance Education[edit]

The School of Distance Education (formerly Griggs University/Griggs International Academy[28]) was formally transferred to the ownership of Andrews University on November 1, 2010. It is housed in Griggs Hall (formerly the Lake Union Building[29]) near the main campus entrance on Old US-31.

School of Education[edit]

The School of Education offers bachelors (BA, BS), masters (MA, MAT), education specialist (EdS) and doctoral degree (EdD, PhD) programs in thirty-one different programs of education.[30]

School of Health Professions[edit]

In 2012, the School of Health Professions was organized. This school includes all of the health-related sciences: the Departments of Nursing, Physical Therapy, Medical Laboratory Sciences, Speech-Language Pathology & Audiology, and Nutrition & Wellness. Emmanuel Rudatsikira was appointed the first dean of the newly created School of Health Professions.

College of Technology[edit]

The College of Technology was formally dissolved in 2012. Its former departments were relocated to other schools. The Department of Visual Art & Design became part of the School of Architecture, Art & Design. The Department of Engineering & Computer Science joined the College of Arts & Sciences. The Department of Aviation and Department of Agriculture are stand-alone departments overseen by an assistant to the president/provost.

Seventh-day Adventist Theological Seminary[edit]

The Seventh-day Adventist Theological Seminary was voted into existence in 1936 by action of the General Conference of the Seventh-day Adventist Church. It operated in Washington, D.C. until 1960, when it was transferred to Berrien Springs, Michigan. There it became a school at the newly established Andrews University. The seminary is fully accredited by The Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada.[31]

The primary mission of the Seminary is to prepare ministers for the Seventh-day Adventist Church. This is done especially by means of the 3-year Master of Divinity program. There are also 2-year master’s programs in Youth Ministry and in Pastoral Ministry. In addition, the Seminary offers the 1-2 year academic Master of Arts in Religion program and the Master of Theology. Three doctoral programs are also offered: Doctor of Ministry, Doctor of Philosophy in Religion, and Doctor of Theology.[31] Andrews University was the first institution to offer a PhD in Adventist studies.[32]

The Seminary has six departments: Christian Ministry, Church History, Discipleship & Religious Education, New Testament, Old Testament, Theology & Christian Philosophy, and World Mission.[31]

James White Library[edit]

The original James White Memorial Library was constructed in 1937 as the first stand-alone library building of the University's campus, then known as Emmanuel Missionary College. In 1959 the denomination's graduate programs in theology and education moved from Takoma Park, MD., to Berrien Springs, forming a comprehensive university for the growing needs of the world church.

The library has two branches the Music Materials Resource Center, and the Architecture Resource Center and the Center for Adventist Research. The Library also houses the University Archives and Records. The Library also catalogs materials for the Horn Archaeological Library.

Diversity[edit]

The international population includes 885 students representing 98 countries. Andrews is ranked sixth in the nation for largest proportion of international students, and 7th in the nation for campus diversity (compared to other national universities according to U.S. News & World Report 2008).

Study abroad opportunities[edit]

Andrews University co-sponsors Adventist Colleges Abroad,[33] a program in which qualified students study overseas while completing requirements for graduation at Andrews. This language and cultural immersion is available in nine locations: Argentina, Austria, Brazil, France, Greece, Italy, Singapore, Spain, and Taiwan. Undergraduate students may also study abroad in the Andrews University Year in England at Newbold College. Affiliation and Extension Programs are offered in Chile, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, Kenya, Nigeria, England, Italy, Romania, Russia, Lebanon, Hong Kong, and South Korea.

Administrative changes in 2006[edit]

An official briefing on the university website states that during a March 6, 2006 meeting of the university's Board of Trustees an executive session of the Board - one which "includes only its non-university members" - decided that "perhaps the best way to achieve new strategic directions for the university was through the opportunities that might be offered by new leadership at the school.".[34] During a break in that meeting the leadership of the board asked the university president for his resignation.[35] Dr. Niels-Erik Andreasen (President), Dr. Patricia Mutch (vice president of academic administration), and Dr. Ed Wines (vice president of financial administration) immediately offered their resignations.[34] President Andreasen's resignation letter included the phrase "effective immediately", but three weeks later, the board announced that Andreasen would continue to serve as President until June 30, 2006, and the position of University Provost would be created to serve as the university's Chief Operating Officer.[36] The official explanation for the board action was that student enrollment - and the resulting revenue - had increased much more modestly than expected,[35] but there has been speculation about other possible causes.[37] Dr. Andreasen has spoken publicly about these events.[38]

In its March 30 meeting, the Board of Trustees of Andrews University met and took two significant actions. First, the creation of the position of University Provost was voted, which is intended to function as the Chief Operations Officer of the University, focusing on day-to-day operations and execution of strategy. Second, the Board asked Dr. Niels-Erik Andreasen to continue his service to the University as President, and he agreed.

On July 17, 2009 the university announced that Dr. Heather Knight accepted a position to serve as a president of Pacific Union College, a small liberal arts college in Angwin, California. Statement on the university website stated that Bill Richardson, formerly a dean of College of Arts and Sciences will serve as an interim provost while the search for a new provost is conducted.

On March 3, 2010 the university announced that Dr. Andrea Luxton would be serving as the new provost. Dr. Luxton was previously the president of Canadian University College.

Notable alumni[edit]

Alumni include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ As of June 30, 2009. "U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2009 Endowment Market Value and Percentage Change in Endowment Market Value from FY 2008 to FY 2009" (PDF). 2009 NACUBO-Commonfund Study of Endowments. National Association of College and University Business Officers. Retrieved February 11, 2010. 
  2. ^ President's Welcome:: Andrews University
  3. ^ Record Enrollment:: Andrews University
  4. ^ a b Andrews Facts:: Andrews University
  5. ^ Bull, Malcolm & Keith Lockhart, 2006, Seeking a Sanctuary: Seventh-day Adventism and the American Dream, p.291.
  6. ^ "Angwin Reporter". Angwin Reporter. Archived from the original on 18 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-29. 
  7. ^ a b Andrews Facts:: Andrews University
  8. ^ a b c Review and Herald, July 30, 1901, p.8
  9. ^ University History:: Andrews University
  10. ^ Medical history of Michigan: Volume II, Battle Creek Sanitarium And Hospital School For Nurses, Battle Creek, 1883 especially p. 658 para. 4
  11. ^ 1942 Year Book of the Seventh-day Adventist Denomination, p. 209
  12. ^ Lake Union Herald, April 21, 1942, p. 16
  13. ^ "Graduate School." Autumn Council General Conference Committee Minutes, October 28, 1956, p. 709
  14. ^ a b c Berrien Springs to be Home of S.D.A. University by Jere D. Smith, President of the SDA Lake Union Conference. Lake Union Herald, November 11, 1958, p.1
  15. ^ Potomac University, Our Denominational Graduate School, By H. L Rudy, Vice-President of the SDA General Conference, British Advent Messenger, July 10, 1959, p.4
  16. ^ Name Of Graduate School: General Conference Committee Minutes for April 18, 1957, p. 866 .
  17. ^ NAME: Eastern University. General Conference Committee Minutes for April 5, 1960, p. 564 .
  18. ^ NAME: West Coast University--NAME: General Conference Committee Minutes for the Autumn Council, October 26, 1960, p. 702.
  19. ^ Gift:: Andrews University
  20. ^ [1]
  21. ^ Handbook2006-2007.pub (Read-Only)
  22. ^ Lamson Hall:: Andrews University
  23. ^ [2]
  24. ^ [3]
  25. ^ School of Architecture
  26. ^ Annual Fall Board Report:: Andrews University
  27. ^ College of Arts & Sciences:: Andrews University
  28. ^ [4]
  29. ^ [5]
  30. ^ School of Education :: About Us. Andrews University. Retrieved 2009-08-21.
  31. ^ a b c Seventh-day Adventist Theological Seminary :: About Us. Andrews University. Retrieved 2009-08-21.
  32. ^ http://www.atoday.com/magazine/1993/11/andrews-university-offers-ph-d-adventist-studies by George Knight
  33. ^ Adventist Colleges Abroad
  34. ^ a b Original briefing from the board which announced the immediate resignation of Dr. Andreasen.
  35. ^ a b the website of the world Seventh Day Adventist church has an official explanation on the actions of the board of trustees
  36. ^ March 30, 2006 Board Briefing announcing the reinstatment of President Andreasen
  37. ^ Email from Elwin Dunn printed at the Adventist Today website. speculates about the possible causes of the president's resignation
  38. ^ A recording of the President's address is available on the university website as an mp3

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°57′43″N 86°21′26″W / 41.96191°N 86.35734°W / 41.96191; -86.35734