Andrey Andreyev (politician)

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Andrey Andreyev
Андрей Андреев
Andreev Andrey Andreevich.jpg
Chairman of the Party Control Commission of the Central Committee
In office
19 March 1939 – 5 October 1952
Preceded by Nikolai Yezhov
Succeeded by Matvei Shkiryatov
Chairman of the Soviet of the Union
In office
15 December 1938 – 12 March 1946
Preceded by Office established
Succeeded by Andrei Zhdanov
People's Commissar for Transport
In office
2 October 1931 – 28 February 1935
Premier Vyacheslav Molotov
Preceded by Moses Ruhimovich
Succeeded by Lazar Kaganovich
People's Commissar for Workers' and Peasants' Inspectorate
In office
22 November 1930 – 9 October 1931
Premier Vyacheslav Molotov
Deputy Alexander Krinitsky
Preceded by Grigoriy Ordzhonikidze
Succeeded by Jānis Rudzutaks
Full member of the 16th, 17th, 18th Politburo
In office
4 February 1932 – 16 October 1952
Candidate member of the 14th, 15th, 16th Politburo
In office
23 July 1926 – 21 December 1930
Full member of the 12th, 13th, 17th, 18th Secretariat
In office
28 February 1935 – 18 March 1946
In office
3 February 1924 – 18 December 1925
Full member of the 11th, 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th, 17th, 18th Orgburo
In office
3 October 1935 – 18 March 1946
In office
3 April 1922 – 11 April 1928
Personal details
Born (1895-10-30)30 October 1895
Kuznetsovo, Smolensk Governorate, Russian Empire
Died 5 December 1971(1971-12-05) (aged 76)
Moscow, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Citizenship Soviet
Nationality Russian
Political party Communist Party of the Soviet Union

Andrey Andreyevich Andreyev (Russian: Андре́й Андре́евич Андре́ев; 30 October 1895 – 5 December 1971) was a Soviet politician.

He was the son of a peasant who became a munitions worker. During World War I he joined the Bolsheviks.[1] His wife was Dora Khazan.

He was a member of the Politburo from 1932 until 1952. Andreyev was a Chairman of the Soviet of the Union from 1938 until 1946 and later directed the party's Control Commission (until 1952). In 1949 he was briefly People's Commissar for Agriculture.[2] This was also the year of the Leningrad case for which Andreyev built up a case against Nikolai Voznesensky, accusing him of losing 526 documents from Gosplan.[3]

Dismissed from Politburo during 1952 when he was completely deaf,[4] he remained a vice-premier of the Soviet government but ultimately lost his positions during 1953 after the Central Committee Plenary Meeting (convened immediately after Lavrentiy Beria's dismissal) where he blamed Beria in criticizing Stalin (in other words, declared his disapproval of the party policy towards "destalinization").

When Andreyev died neither Leonid Brezhnev, the General Secretary of the CPSU, or Alexei Kosygin, the Chairman of the Council of Ministers bothered to attend his funeral.[5] He loved the music of Tchaikovsky, mountaineering and nature photography.[6]

Honours and awards[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Russian Wikipedia.

Andreyev was awarded four Orders of Lenin, the Order of the October Revolution and other awards.

He sponsored the construction of the AA-20 locomotive, which was named after him as a result.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stalin's Hammer
  2. ^ Simon Sebag Montefiore, Stalin: The Court of the Red Tsar, page 533
  3. ^ Simon Sebag Montefiore, Stalin: The Court of the Red Tsar, page 529
  4. ^ Stalin - Speech at the CC of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
  5. ^ Mawdsley, Evan; White, Stephen (2000). The Soviet elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: the Central Committee and its members, 1917–1991. Oxford University Press. p. 145. ISBN 0-19-829738-6. 
  6. ^ Simon Sebag Montefiore, Stalin: The Court of the Red Tsar, page 224