Andrey Bogolyubsky

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St. Andrey Bogolyubsky
Andrey Bogolubskii.jpg
Icon of St. Andrey Bogolyubsky
Honored in
Eastern Orthodox Church
Major shrine Dormition cathedral, Vladimir
Feast June 30, July 4 (burial)
Attributes Clothed as a Russian Grand Prince, holding a three-bar cross in his right hand

Andrey I Yuryevich, commonly known under his sobriquet Andrey Bogolyubsky (Russian: Андрей Боголюбский, "Andrey the God-Loving") (c. 1111 – June 28, 1174) was Grand prince of Vladimir-Suzdal from 1157 till his death. He was the son of Yuri Dolgoruki,[1] who proclaimed Andrei a prince in Vyshhorod (near Kiev). His mother was a Polovtsian/Cuman princess, khan Aepa's/Ayepa's daughter. He was known in the West as Scythian Caesar. Andrey is beatified as a saint in Russian Orthodox Church.

Life[edit]

Grand Prince St. Andrei Bogolyubsky, by Viktor Vasnetsov

He left Vyshhorod in 1155 and moved to Vladimir. Promoting development of feudal relations, he relied on a team and on Vladimir’s townspeople; he connected to trading-craft business of Rostov and Suzdal. After his father’s death (1157), he became Knyaz (prince) of Vladimir, Rostov and Suzdal.

Andrei Bogolyubsky tried to unite Rus' lands under his authority. From 1159 he persistently struggled for submission of Novgorod to his authority and conducted a complex military and diplomatic game in South Rus. In 1169 his troops sacked Kiev.[2] After plundering the city,[3] stealing much religious artwork, which included the Byzantine "Mother of God" icon.[4] Andrei appointed his brother Gleb as prince of Kiev, in an attempt to unify his lands with Kiev.[5] Following his brother's death in 1171, Andrei became embroiled in a two year war to maintain control over Kiev, which ended in his defeat.[5]

Andrei achieved the right to receive a tribute from the population of the Northern Dvina land. Becoming "ruler of all Suzdal land", Andrei Bogolyubsky transferred his capital to Vladimir, strengthened it and constructed the magnificent Assumption Cathedral,[1] the Church of the Intercession on the Nerl,[6] and other churches and monasteries. Under his leadership Vladimir was much enlarged, and fortifications were built around the city.[7]

At the same time the castle Bogolyubovo was built next to Vladimir, and was a favorite residence of his.[7] In fact he received his nickname "Bogolyubsky" in honor of this place. It was he who brought the Theotokos of Vladimir to the city whose name it now bears. During Andrei Bogolyubsky’s reign Vladimir-Suzdal principality attained significant power and was the strongest among the Rus' principalities.

Amplification of princely authority and conflict with outstanding boyars was the cause of a plot against Andrei Bogolyubsky, as a result of which he was killed on the night of June 28 to June 29, 1174.[4] Twenty of his disgruntled retainers burst into his chambers and slew Andrei in his bed.[4] His silver-inlaid war axe can now be viewed at the State Historical Museum in Moscow.

His son, Yuri Bogolyubsky, was the first husband of Queen Tamar of Georgia. An ancient icon, Theotokos of Bogolyubovo is associated with him.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b William Craft Brumfield, Landmarks of Russian Architect, (Routledge, 2013), 1-2.
  2. ^ Janet Martin, Treasure of the Land of Darkness: The Fur Trade and Its Significance for Medieval Russia, (Cambridge University Press, 1986), 127.
  3. ^ "Andrey Yurievich Bogolyubsky", Russia the Great, retrieved 2007-08-07  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ a b c Janet Martin, Medieval Russia:980-1584, (Cambridge University Press, 1996), 100.
  5. ^ a b The Contest for the "Kievan Succession" (1155-1175): The Religious-Ecclesiastical Dimension, Jaroslaw Pelenski, Harvard Ukrainian Studies, Vol. 12/13, Proceedings of the International Congress Commemorating the Millennium of Christianity in Rus'-Ukraine (1988/1989), 776.
  6. ^ Dmitriĭ Olegovich Shvidkovskiĭ, Russian Architecture and the West, (Yale University Press, 2007), 36.
  7. ^ a b Janet Martin, Medieval Russia:980-1584, 84.

References[edit]

  • Martin, Janet L.B. Medieval Russia, 1995

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Yury Dolgoruky
Grand Prince of Vladimir-Suzdal Succeeded by
Michael I