Andria is the first play written by Niccolò Machiavelli, published in the period 1517-1520 It is a translation of a play written by the Latin comedy writer Terence, who had originally taken it from the Greek dramatist Menandro. It is one of the examples of Machiavelli as a comedy writer, along with The Mandragola, and the Clizia. The play has been considered by some scholars semi-autobiographical.
The story is about an old man, Simone, who wants his son, Panfilo, to marry Filùmena, the daughter of his neighbour Cremete. Panfilo has however a secret love affair with Glicerio, a girl who is thought to be the sister of Criside, and who is pregnant by him. At Criside's funeral the old Simone gets to know about this secret, and, really angry for it, anticipates the wedding, despite Cremete doesn't want it. The young boy, though, doesn't want to forsake Glicerio, and pretends to passively accept the wedding. Meanwhile, Cremete changes his mind and accepts to marry his daughter to Panfilo. But then it comes the old Critone, a friend of the deceased Criside, who recognizes Glicerio as Pasibula, Cremete's daughter who was thought to be dead in a shipwreck during a travel to the Andro Island. In the end there are two weddings: Panfilo marries Glicerio, and Carino, a friend of his, marries Filumena.
The Andria remained untranslated for the English stage until a limited run of Michael Knowles' translation, The Girl From Andros, was produced at Yale University in April 2012. At the time of production, Machiavelli scholar Angela Capodivacca observed, "The new translation and performance of the Andria is hopefully going to open new ways of inquiry and thinking about the relationship between Machiavelli and translation, Machiavelli and theatre, and, last but not least, Machiavelli’s understanding of the phenomenology of the political sphere. This production is a watershed event for the English-speaking world."
- Machiavelli, Niccolo. "Andria". Biblioteca dei Classici italiani di Giuseppe Bonghi. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
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