Andries Cornelis Dirk de Graeff

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Andries Cornelis Dirk de Graeff
COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Portret van Gouverneur-Generaal De Graeff achter zijn schrijftafel TMnr 10018723.jpg
Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies
In office
1927–1931
Preceded by Dirk Fock
Succeeded by Bonifacius Cornelis de Jonge
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
1933–1937
Preceded by Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck
Succeeded by Hendrikus Colijn
Personal details
Born (1872-08-07)August 7, 1872
The Hague, Netherlands
Died April 24, 1957(1957-04-24) (aged 84)
The Hague, Netherlands
Nationality Dutch
Spouse(s) Caroline Angelique van der Wijk
Occupation Statesman
Religion Remonstrants

Jonkheer Andries Cornelis Dirk de Graeff (August 7, 1872 – April 24, 1957) was a Governor General of Dutch East Indies and a Dutch minister for foreign affairs.

Family[edit]

Andries Cornelis Dirk de Graeff was a descendant of the De Graeff-family from the Dutch Golden Age. He was a son of the general consul and Dutch minister in Japan Dirk de Graeff van Polsbroek, and jonkvrouw Caroline Angelique van der Wijk, daughter of jonkheer Carel Herman Aart van der Wijk. They had a son and four daughters.

Career[edit]

De Graeff as Governor-General of Dutch East Indies. Gorontalo, ca. 1926–1931.

from 1919 to 1922 De Graeff was a Dutch Ambassador in Tokyo, and from 1922 to 1926 in Washington.

He served as Gouvernor General between March 26,[1] 1926 until September 11, 1931.

De Graeff was also the Dutch minister for foreign affairs for an unspecified period during 1936 and 1937.[2] During 1936, de Graeff served as a "sort of stooge" [3] to British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden in relation to the question of weakening the League of Nations.

De Graeff wanted to "modify the League until it became "purely consultive", coax Germany back into it, and abolish forever all Sanctions "except the one Sanction that an aggressor would be automatically expelled from the League"".[3]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Voor u persoonlijk. Brieven van minister van Buitenlandse Zaken jhr. A.C.D. de Graeff aan gezant J.P. graaf van Limburg Stirum (1933–1937)", Ned. Hist. Genootschap (1986)
  • C. Fasseur, Graeff, jhr. Andries Cornelis Dirk de (1872–1957), in: Biografisch Woordenboek van Nederland, deel II, 190
  • B. de Graaff, Een welwillend man met een vrij gering werkelijkheidsbegrip, in: "De Nederlandse ministers van Buitenlandse Zaken in de twintigste eeuw" (1999)
  • H.T. Colenbrander, Bij het aftreden van gouverneur-generaal De Graeff, in De Gids 95 (1931) III, 373–404;
  • J.E. Stokvis, Een landvoogdij, in De Socialistische Gids 16 (1931) 824–831;
  • Rn. Ms. Noto Soeroto, Een groote Nederlander. Bij het afscheid van jhr.mr. A.C.D. de Graeff van Indonesië, in Oedaya 8 (1931) 124–125;
  • Herman Smit: Landvoogd tussen twee vuren. jonkheer mr. A.C.D. de Graeff, gouverneur-generaal van Nederlands-Indie 1926-1931. ISBN 978-90-8704-249-3, (2011)

External links and Commons[edit]