Andriy Parubiy

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Andriy Parubiy
Андрій Парубій
Andriy parubiy cropped.jpg
Andriy Parubiy in January 2014
10th Secretary of National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine
In office
February 27, 2014 – August 7, 2014
President Oleksandr Turchynov
Preceded by Andriy Klyuyev
Succeeded by Oleksandr Turchynov[1]
Personal details
Born (1971-01-31) January 31, 1971 (age 43)
Chervonohrad, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
Nationality Ukrainian
Political party People's Front (2014-)
Other political
affiliations
Fatherland (2012-2014)
Front of Changes (2012)
Our Ukraine (2004-2012)
Social-National Party of Ukraine (1994-2004)
Residence Kiev, Ukraine
Alma mater Lviv University
Occupation Politician
Religion Ukrainian Orthodox
Website www.parubiy.org
People's Deputy of Ukraine
6th convocation
November 23, 2007 – December 12, 2012
Elected as: Our Ukraine–PSD Bloc, No.80[2]
7th convocation
December 12, 2012 – March 17, 2014
Elected as: Fatherland, No.21[3]
8th convocation
November 27, 2014 – Present
Elected as: People's Front, No.4[4]

Andriy Volodymyrovych Parubiy (Ukrainian: Андрій Володимирович Парубій) is a Ukrainian politician[5] and the former Secretary of the National Security and Defence Council of Ukraine, appointed after leading the anti-government protests in the 2014 Ukrainian revolution,[6] until his resignation on 7 August 2014.[7]

Biography[edit]

In the years leading up to the Ukrainian independence in 1991 Parubiy was an independence activist and was arrested for organizing an unsanctioned rally in 1989.[5] In 1991 he founded the Social-National Party of Ukraine together with Oleh Tyahnybok;[8] the party combined radical nationalism and some neo-Nazi features (by its name and the "Wolfsangel"-like sign).[5][9][10] In 1998-2004 Parubiy led the paramilitary organization of SNPU, the Patriot of Ukraine.[10] Parubiy left these organizations in 2004.[9]

Parubiy co-led the Orange Revolution in 2004.[5][11] In the 2007 parliamentary elections he was voted into the Ukrainian parliament on an Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc ticket. He then became a member of the deputy group that would later become For Ukraine!.[5] Parubiy stayed with Our Ukraine and became a member of its political council.[12]

In February 2010 Parubiy asked the European Parliament to reconsider its negative reaction to former Ukrainian President Victor Yushchenko's decision to award Stepan Bandera, the leader of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists, the title of Hero of Ukraine.[13]

In early February 2012 Parubiy left Our Ukraine because their "views diverged".[14] In 2012 he was re-elected into parliament on the party list of "Fatherland".[15]

From December 2013 to February 2014 Parubiy was a commandant of Euromaidan.[16] He was coordinator of the volunteer security corps for the mainstream protesters.[17] He was then appointed Secretary of the National Security and Defence Council of Ukraine.[6] This appointed was approved by (then) new Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko on 16 June 2014.[18]

As Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council, Parubiy oversaw the "anti–terrorist" operation against pro-Russian separatists in eastern Ukraine.[19]

Parubiy resigned as Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council on 7 August 2014. He declined to say why, stating "I believe it is unacceptable to comment on my resignation in a time of war" on his Facebook page. President Poroshenko signed a decree confirming Parubiy's dismissal the same day.[7]

In September 2014 Parubiy became a founding member of his new party People's Front.[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Turchynov becomes secretary of Ukraine's NSDC, Interfax-Ukraine (16 December 2014)President Poroshenko decides to appoint Turchynov Ukraine's NSDC secretary – source, Interfax-Ukraine (16 December 2014)
  2. ^ "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the VI convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 22 December 2014. 
  3. ^ "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the VII convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 22 December 2014. 
  4. ^ "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the VIII convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 22 December 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c d e (Russian) Андрей Парубий. Liga.net
  6. ^ a b "Ukraine's new government: Who's who". AFP. 27 February 2014. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 
  7. ^ a b Parubiy steps down as secretary of Ukraine's NSDC, Interfax-Ukraine (7 August 2014)
    Poroshenko signs decree dismissing Parubiy as NSDC secretary, Interfax-Ukraine (7 August 2014)
  8. ^ "Who are the protesters in Ukraine?". The Washington Post. February 12, 2014.
  9. ^ a b Ivan Katchanovski interview with Reuters Concerning Svoboda, the OUN-B, and other Far Right Organizations in Ukraine, Academia.edu (March 4, 2014)
  10. ^ a b Umland, Andreas; Anton Shekhovtsov (September–October 2013). "Ultraright Party Politics in Post-Soviet Ukraine and the Puzzle of the Electoral Marginalism of Ukrainian Ultranationalists in 1994–2009". Russian Politics and La 51 (5): 41. It is noteworthy that of these various Ukrainian nationalist parties the SNPU was the least inclined to conceal its neofascist affiliations. Its official symbol was the somewhat modified Wolf’s Hook (wolfsangel), used as a symbol by the German SS division Das Reich and the Dutch SS division Landstorm Nederland during World War II and by a number of European neofascist organizations after 1945.33 As seen by the SNPU leadership, the Wolf’s Hook became the “idea of the nation.” Moreover, the official name of the party’s ideology, “social nationalism,” clearly referred back to “national socialism”—the official name of the ideology of the National-Socialist German Workers’ Party (NSDAP) and of the Hitlerite regime. The SNPU’s political platform distinguished itself by its openly revolutionary ultranationalism, its demands for the violent takeover of power in the country, and its willingness to blame Russia for all of Ukraine’s ills. Moreover, the SNPU was the first relatively large party to recruit Nazi skinheads and football hooligans. But in the politi- cal arena, its support in the 1990s remained insignificant. 
  11. ^ Kiev Protesters Look Beyond Vote, The Washington Post (December 5, 2004)
  12. ^ (Ukrainian) Президія Політичної Ради партії, Our Ukraine
  13. ^ Parubiy asks European Parliament to reconsider its decision on Bandera, Kyiv Post (February 26, 2010)
  14. ^ (Ukrainian) Я вийшов з "Нашої України", Ukrayinska Pravda (3 February 2012)
  15. ^ (Ukrainian) Список депутатів нової Верховної Ради, Ukrayinska Pravda (11 November 2012)
  16. ^ Парубий снова стал комендантом на Евромайдане
  17. ^ Radicals a wild card in Ukraine’s protests, The Washington Post (2 February 2014)
  18. ^ Poroshenko approves National Security and Defense Council membership, Interfax-Ukraine (16 June 2014)
  19. ^ Parubiy says anti-terrorist operation will continue as separatists in Luhansk, Donetsk reject Putin’s call to postpone referendum, Kyiv Post (8 May 2014)
  20. ^ Yatseniuk elected head of political council of People's Front Party, Demotix (9 September 2014)

External links[edit]