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Screenshot of Android-x86
(4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich)
|Source model||Open source|
|Latest release||4.4-r2 / January 1, 2015|
|Latest preview||4.4-RC2 / May 20, 2014|
|Kernel type||Monolithic (modified Linux kernel)|
|License||Apache License 2.0|
Chih-Wei Huang and Yi Sun maintain the project.
The OS is based on the AOSP, with some minor modifications which allow it to run on PC architecture. For instance, some low-level components are replaced to better suit the platform, such as the kernel (AOSP runs on a modified version of the Linux Kernel, whereas Android-x86 runs on the long-term Linux Kernel available at the time of release), the Bionic library (replaced with components from GCC) and others.
Android-x86 aims at delivering a full desktop operating system based on the AOSP, which fully supports Android applications. The key component in delivering application support on x86 architecture is the Dalvik Virtual Machine (which went through major development for a port on PCs), although there are plans for porting the Android Runtime (required to run Android 5.0).
A related project, Android-IA has been produced by Intel that will run on newer UEFI devices. The Android-IA project states that its intention is to drive Android support and innovation on Intel Architecture in addition to providing a venue for collaboration. Android-IA re-used the drm_gralloc graphics HAL module from Android-x86 in order to support Intel HD Graphics hardware. The Android-IA project provides a FAQ with more detailed information.
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