Andronikos Asen Zaccaria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Not to be confused with Andronikos Asen.

Andronikos Asen Zaccaria or Asanes Zaccaria (died 1401) was a Frankish lord of the Principality of Achaea in southern Greece.

Life[edit]

Andronikos Asen Zaccaria was the son of Centurione I Zaccaria and an unknown lady of the Bulgarian–Byzantine Asen/Asanes family.[1] Centurione was one of the most powerful lords of the Principality of Achaea, being Grand Constable as well as lord of Damala, Estamira, Chalandritsa and Lisarea.[2]

Sometime around 1386, Cnenturione died and Andronikos Asen Zaccaria inherited the Barony of Chalandritsa and the title of Grand Constable of Achaea.[3] He married a daughter of Erard III Le Maure, Baron of Arcadia, and when the latter died in 1388 without a male heir (his sole son having died young), Asen Zaccaria added Arcadia to his possessions.[4] Being furthermore the brother-in-law of the vicar-general of the Navarrese Company and later Prince of Achaea (1396–1402), Peter of Saint Superan, he occupied a pre-eminent position within the Principality, on par only with the Latin Archbishop of Patras.[5][6]

On 4 June 1395, together with Saint Superan, he was defeated and captured by the Byzantine Greeks of the Despotate of the Morea, but was released in December, after the Venetians paid a ransom of 50,000 hyperpyra for him and Saint Superan.[7] In 1396, he received a letter from Pope Boniface IX, which extended papal protection over him and urged him to fight against the growing menace of the Ottoman Turks.[8]

Andronikos Asen Zaccaria died in 1401, and was succeeded by the eldest of his four sons, Centurione II Zaccaria, who in 1404 became the last Prince of Achaea, reigning until deposed by the Despotate of the Morea in 1430.[9]

Family[edit]

From his marriage to an unknown lady of the Le Maure family, Andronikos Asen had four sons:[1][10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bon 1969, p. 708.
  2. ^ Bon 1969, pp. 460, 708.
  3. ^ Bon 1969, pp. 276, 708.
  4. ^ Bon 1969, pp. 276, 413.
  5. ^ Bon 1969, p. 276.
  6. ^ Topping 1975, p. 156.
  7. ^ Topping 1975, p. 158.
  8. ^ Bon 1969, p. 273.
  9. ^ Bon 1969, pp. 273–274, 276, 708.
  10. ^ Topping 1975, p. 160.

Sources[edit]

Preceded by
Centurione I Zaccaria
Baron of Chalandritsa
before 1386–1401
Succeeded by
Centurione II Zaccaria
Preceded by
Erard III Le Maure
Baron of Arcadia
1388–1401