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Systematic (IUPAC) name
Clinical data
Legal status ?
CAS number 53-41-8 YesY
ATC code None
PubChem CID 5879
ChemSpider 5668 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:16032 YesY
Chemical data
Formula C19H30O2 
Mol. mass 290.440 g/mol
 YesY (what is this?)  (verify)

Androsterone, or 3α-hydroxy-5α-androstan-17-one, is an endogenous steroid hormone and weak androgen with a potency that is approximately 1/7 that of testosterone.[1] In addition, it can be converted to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) from 3α-Hydroxysteroid_dehydrogenase and 17beta_Hydroxysteroid_dehydrogenase, bypassing conventional intermediates such as androstenedione and testosterone, and as such, can be considered to be a metabolic intermediate in its own right.[2][3]

Androsterone's 3β-isomer is epiandrosterone.


It was first isolated in 1931, by Adolf Friedrich Johann Butenandt and Kurt Tscherning. They distilled over 17,000 liters (3,700 imp gal; 4,500 US gal) of male urine, from which they got 50 milligrams (0.77 gr) of crystalline androsterone, which was sufficient to find that the chemical formula was very similar to estrone.


Androsterone has been shown to naturally occur in pine pollen and is well known in many animal species.[4]


Androsterone is often advertised as influencing human behavior, but there is little data to substantiate its use as a pheromone.[citation needed]


Androsterone, its 3β-isomer, epiandrosterone, and its 5β-isomer, etiocholanolone, are produced in the body from 5α-reduced metabolites of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), androstenediol, and androstenedione such as, in the case of androsterone, 5α-androstanediol via 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase and 5α-androstanedione via 3α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase.[citation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Thomas Scott (1996). Concise Encyclopedia Biology. Walter de Gruyter. p. 49. ISBN 978-3-11-010661-9. Retrieved 25 May 2012. 
  2. ^ Brian E. Henderson; Bruce A. J. Ponder; Ronald Keith Ross (13 March 2003). Hormones, Genes, and Cancer. Oxford University Press. p. 23. ISBN 978-0-19-513576-3. Retrieved 25 May 2012. 
  3. ^ Kamrath C, Hochberg Z, Hartmann MF, Remer T, Wudy SA (March 2012). "Increased activation of the alternative "backdoor" pathway in patients with 21-hydroxylase deficiency: evidence from urinary steroid hormone analysis". The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 97 (3): E367–75. doi:10.1210/jc.2011-1997. PMID 22170725. 
  4. ^ FOLIA HISTOCHEMICA ET CYTOBIOLOGICA Vol. 43, No. 2, 2005 pp. 71-79 Mammalian sex hormones in plants Anna Janeczko and Andrzej Skoczowski Institute of Plant Physiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków, Poland

External links[edit]