Andrzej Poniatowski

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Andrzej Poniatowski
Andrzej Poniatowski.jpg
Spouse(s) Maria Teresa Kinsky

Issue

Maria Teresa Poniatowska
Józef Antoni Poniatowski
Noble family Poniatowski
Father Stanisław Poniatowski
Mother Konstancja Czartoryska
Born (1735-07-16)July 16, 1735
unknown
Died March 3, 1773(1773-03-03) (aged 37)
Vienna, Austria

Prince Andrzej Poniatowski, born Count Andrzej Poniatowski (July 16, 1734/1735-March 3/5 1773) was a Polish nobleman (Szlachcic), General and Field Marshal.

Andrzej was a son of Count Stanisław Poniatowski, Castellan of Kraków, and Princess Konstancja Czartoryska, the brother of King Stanisław August Poniatowski of Poland and the father of Józef Antoni Poniatowski.

He became Starost of Pieńsk (starost prenski), Lieutenant-General in 1760 and Field Marshal in 1771 both in Austrian service and disguised himself during the Seven Years' War. In 1764 he came back to Poland and supported his brother in the royal elections in Poland. The Coronation Sejm awarded him the Polish title of Prince on December 4, 1764, Empress Maria Theresa on December 10, 1765 the Bohemian title of Prince, and Emperor Joseph II the Austrian title of Prince.

He married May 3, 1761 Maria Theresia Gräfin Kinsky von Wchinitz und Tettau (14 February 1736/1740-September 25, 1806), daughter of Leopold-Ferdinand Graf Kinsky von Wchinitz und Tettau (Chlumec nad Cidlinou (Chlumetz), January 17, 1713 – October 24, 1760) and wife (married in Vienna, September 6, 1734) Maria Teresa Capece dei Marchesi di Rofrano (June 3, 1715 – November 12, 1778) by whom he had a daughter, Marija Teresa (baptized on November 28, 1760 – Tours, November 2, 1834), married in 1778 Wincenty Graf Tyszkiewicz (died 1816), referendarz wielki litewski, and a son, Józef Antoni Poniatowski.

He died in Vienna.

Awards[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Emanuel Rostworowski, „Poniatowski Andrzej”, w: Polski Słownik Biograficzny, XXVII, Wrocław 1983, s. 412-420.
  • Henryk P. Kosk, Polscy generałowie w służbie obcej, Polska Zbrojna.
  • Historia Dyplomacji Polskiej – tom II 1572-1795, PWN Warszawa 1981, s. 548.