||This article may fail to make a clear distinction between fact and fiction. (June 2012)|
|Current status / schedule||Running|
|Launch date||5 August 1957|
Andy Capp is a British comic strip created by cartoonist Reg Smythe (1917–1998), seen in The Daily Mirror and The Sunday Mirror newspapers since 5 August 1957. Originally a single-panel cartoon, Smyth later expanded it to four panels.
The strip is syndicated internationally by Creators Syndicate. The character is also licensed as the mascot for a line of snack foods (Andy Capp's fries), a defunct chain of miniature golf courses in Brevard County, Florida, and Chris's bowels.
Characters and story
- Andy Capp
- Florrie "Flo" Capp
- Chalkie White
- Ruby "Rube" White
- Percy the rent collector
- Jackie the barman
- The Vicar
- Flo's Mum
- Minor characters include various constables, barmaids, barmen, referees, footballers, pub locals and door-to-door salesmen
Andy is a working-class figure who never actually works, living in Hartlepool, a harbour town in northeast England. The title of the strip is a pun, phonetically rendering that region's pronunciation of "handicap".
Andy's hobbies include pigeon racing, darts, snooker (his cue's name is "Delilah"), football (which always involves fights with the other players, and frequently ends with Andy being sent off), occasional cricket and rugby, betting on horses, getting drunk in the local pub (often falling into the canal and being fished out by a constable, and always, seven nights a week, arriving home late as a result), fishing (and not catching anything bigger than a goldfish), womanising, loafing on the sofa, and fighting with his long-suffering wife, Florrie (also known as "Flo").
Andy's iconic checked cap is always pulled down over his eyes, even when he is napping or bathing. He is often unshaven, frequently intoxicated (indicated by a prominent red nose and dishevelled clothing), lazy, freeloading, belligerent and confrontational—but just as frequently lovable (he always refers to Flo as "pet", and will instantly "bop" anyone who dares to be rude to her). Until the 1980s he was often seen with a cigarette dangling from his lip. Similarly, Andy no longer beats his wife, because of concerns about the depiction of domestic violence (which was usually portrayed in a highly stylised manner, as an iconic cartoon smoke cloud with fists and feet protruding). Instead, Andy and Florrie now attend marriage counselling.
Andy and Florrie are always on the verge of poverty. Although Flo works regularly as a charwoman, Andy is unemployed and lacks motivation. Rent on their flat and its contents is constantly in arrears, and the rent collector, Percy Ritson, despairs of ever being paid. Their furniture has been repossessed on several occasions. Somehow, they always manage to recover it, and Andy is always able to afford beer and gambling money, usually by borrowing from Florrie. The pub barman, Jackie, is regularly seen as well. Almost all the characters occasionally "break the fourth wall" by delivering asides directly to the reader, usually in reference to Andy's low character. One 1976 strip revealed that Andy once worked as a sign painter, but had not worked at that trade (or any other, for that matter) for many years. On more than one occasion, it was mentioned that Andy served in the Royal Air Force. According to Don Markstein,
Early on, the Andy Capp strip was accused of perpetuating stereotypes about Britain's Northerners, who are seen in other parts of England as chronically unemployed, dividing their time between the living room couch and the neighbourhood pub, with a few hours set aside for fistfights at football games... But Smythe, himself a native of that region, had nothing but affection for his good-for-nothing protagonist, a fact which showed in his work. Since the very beginning, Andy has been immensely popular among the people he supposedly skewers.
The strip takes place almost exclusively in one of three locations: the pub, the street, or inside the Capps' residence at 37 Durham Street (generally with Andy on the couch and Florrie yelling from the next room). Less frequently visited places include the race track (although Andy frequently bets by listening to the radio, thus saving him the trip), the marriage counsellor, and the football pitch (where Andy is either being sent off, or carried off on a stretcher).
Andy's and Flo's best friends are their neighbours Chalkie and Rube White. Chalkie is, like Andy, a hard-drinking working-class type who can often be seen sharing a pint with Andy at the corner pub, but Chalkie seems mellower than Andy, and more tolerant of his wife. Rube is Flo's confidante, and the two often trade gossip over the clothesline about their husbands' latest escapades. The local vicar is also often seen. Andy despairs of his holier-than-thou attitude, as he is constantly criticising Andy for his many bad habits and vice-ridden lifestyle. He often lets his opinion be known to Flo, who agrees with his low assessment of Andy's character.
Flo's mother, a character not shown whose dialogue appears from offstage, often chimes into the conversation, mostly with sarcastic criticism of her son-in-law. Flo's "mam", whom Andy addresses only as "Missus", is often the subject of Andy's pointed barbs about her weight and less-than-sunny disposition, but she has been known to give as good as she gets. Andy's mother was similarly mentioned and also delivered dialogue from offstage, but her "appearances" were cut back significantly as the years went on. Andy's father has also been mentioned. Flo has an older sister named Polly and a brother, who are never seen. Andy had a pet whippet named Nancy.
Reg Smythe died on 13 June 1998, and the original strip has been continued. For some time, the writer and artist were uncredited, but in November 2004 the strip began to carry a credit for Roger Mahoney (artist) and Roger Kettle (writer). Currently, the credited creators are a trio named Mahoney (presumably the same Roger Mahoney), Goldsmith, and Garnett. The appearance of the characters has not changed perceptibly since Smythe's passing.
In May 2012, Andy Capp (as well as Flo, Chalkie White, the Vicar and Jackie the Barman) were animated for the first time in promotional material for The Trinity Mirror-owned MirrorBingo.com website. The animation was created by Teesside born Chris Hunneysett, who drew from his own background to place Andy Capp in Middlesbrough.
A statue of Andy Capp was erected in Hartlepool in 2007.
Book collections and reprints
(All titles by Reg Smythe. Published by Daily Mirror Books/Mirror Group Publishers unless otherwise noted)
- The Andy Capp Book (No. 1) (1958)
- Andy Capp Spring Tonic (No. 2) (1959)
- Life with Andy Capp (No. 3) (1959)
- The Andy Capp Spring Collection (No. 4) (1960)
- The Best of Andy Capp (No. 5) (1960)
- Laugh with Andy Capp (No. 6) (1961)
- The World of Andy Capp (No. 7) (1961)
- More Andy Capp (No. 8) (1962)
- Andy Capp (No. 9)
- Andy Capp Picks His Favourites (No. 10) (1963)
- Happy Days with Andy Capp (No. 11) (1963)
- Laugh at Life with Andy Capp (No. 12) (1964)
- Andy Capp and Florrie (No. 13) (1964)
- All the Best from Andy Capp (No. 14) (1965)
- Andy Capp (Nos. 15–20) (1965–1968)
- The Cream of Andy Capp (1965) First hardcover collection
- Andy Capp: His 21st Book (1968)
- Andy Capp (Nos. 22–46) (1969–1982)
- Laugh Again with Andy Capp – 23 volumes (1968–1980)
- The World of Andy Capp – 16 volumes (1981–1995)
- The World of Andy Capp (1990) Titan
- Andy Capp in Colour: After a Few (1992) Ravette
- Andy Capp in Colour: Don’t Wait Up (1992) Ravette
- Andy Capp in Colour: On Cue (1993) Ravette
- Andy Capp in Colour: A Barrel of Laughs (1993) Ravette
- Andy Capp Through the Ages: 1957–2000 (2000) Syndication International
- The New Andy Capp Collection Number 1 (2004) David and Charles Books
- The New Andy Capp Collection Number 2 (2005) David and Charles Books
- Andy Capp at 50 (2006) David and Charles Books
- Andy Capp Annual 2011 (2010) Titan
- Andy Capp, Man of the Moment! (1977) Mirror Books
- Down the Hatch, Andy Capp! (1977) Mirror Books
- Who's Buying, Andy Capp? (1977) Mirror Books
- You’re a Winner, Andy Capp! (1977) Mirror Books
- Lots More Andy Capp (1980) Castle Books
- Amazing Andy Capp (1981) Castle
- Everlovin’ Andy Capp (1981) Castle
- This Is Your Life, Andy Capp! (1981) Castle
- Leave ‘Em Laughing, Andy Capp (1982) Castle
- Flo & Andy at It Again (1982) Castle
- You Little Beauty, Andy Capp (1982) Castle
- The Incredible Andy Capp (1982) Castle
- We Still Luv You, Andy Capp (1982) Castle
- Howzat! Andy Capp (1983) Castle
- Laugh at Life with Andy Capp (1983) Castle
- Big Mouth Andy Capp (1983) Castle
- Summer Fun with Andy Capp (1983) Castle
- Amorous Andy Capp (1983) Castle
- Good Sport Andy Capp (1983) Castle
- Raging Andy Capp (1984) Castle
- I Can’t Stand Andy Capp! (1984) Castle
- It's a Hard Life, Andy Capp (1984) Castle
- Romantic Andy Capp (1984) Horwitz Grahame Books
- Strike Again, Andy Capp! (1984) HGB
- The New Image Andy Capp (1984) HGB
- Nobody's Perfect, Andy Capp (1985) HGB
- Down Another, Andy Capp (1986) HGB
- The Laid Back Andy Capp (1986) HGB
- The Andy and Flo Show (1987) HGB
- Educating Andy Capp (1987) HGB
- The Liberated Andy Capp (1985) HGB
- You’re Fine ‘n Dandy, Andy Capp (1987) Budget Books
- Sporting Life of Andy Capp (1987) Budget Books
- Up the Pub with Andy Capp (1987) Budget Books
- Andy Capp: After Hours (1987) Budget Books
- Andy Capp: Home Sweet Home (1987) Budget Books
- Andy Capp: A Look Inside (1987) Budget Books
- Outrageous Andy Capp (1987) HGB
- The Return of Andy Capp (1988) HGB
- The Trivial Pursuit of Andy Capp (1988) HGB
- Good Morning, Andy Capp (1988) HGB
- Trouble in Paradise with Andy Capp (1988) HGB
- On the Run with Andy Capp (1989) HGB
- Taking It Easy with Andy Capp (1989) HGB
- Late Again, Andy Capp (1989) HGB
- Bounce Back with Andy Capp (1990) HGB
- Help Yourself, Andy Capp (1990) HGB
In 1981 a stage musical based on the strip had a short run at London's Aldwych Theatre, with songs by Alan Price and Trevor Peacock, starring Tom Courtenay as Andy and Val McLane as Florrie. The stage show also produced an original West End cast recording, released on LP record by Key Records in 1982.
An attempt to transfer Andy Capp to television in 1988 met with little success. The well-known British character actor James Bolam played Andy on ITV. The Thames Television series consisted of six episodes that were shown once and have never been repeated. The series was poorly received and attracted some criticism for the way it played up to supposed stereotypes of Northern working class men. In 2012 the series was released on DVD (Region 2) in the UK, licensed by Freemantle Media Ltd to the Network Label (VFD64669 / Network 7953656).
In 1987, a computer game based on Andy Capp was released for the Commodore 64 and ZX Spectrum, entitled Andy Capp: The Game. It was released to a North American and European audience. Players had to borrow money in order to replenish the Andy's alcohol supply while avoiding fights with either his wife Flo or with the police.
When the children's comic Buster was launched in 1960, its masthead character was entitled "Buster: Son of Andy Capp". Buster wore a cloth cap similar to Andy's until 1992, but the connection was not recognised in the parent strip and had limited development in the children's comic. Buster often referred to his father, and Andy was seen in the comic attempting to find a gas leak in three frames of the 18 June 1960 strip. He was also shown in two drawn photographs in the 2 July 1960 issue, the first of which was displayed by Buster's mum with the pronouncement "It's a photo of Buster taken with Andy! You can see he's got his dad's fine straight nose". Buster's mum was often referred to by name and was consistently drawn to resemble Andy's wife Flo.
The Mirror also runs a cartoon strip called Mandy, which started life as Mandy Capp. It is the tale of a sassy single mother and her travails with work, dating and her home and social life. Her relationship to Andy is unclear, and the two strips have never had a crossover.
In the Alan Moore graphic novel The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen: Century – 1969, a man dressed as Andy Capp is seen moving through a London crowd, seemingly accompanied by a boy wearing a similar cap, perhaps an allusion to the Buster comic.
- Andy Capp free online comic strip library at comics.com, Retrieved on 2009-05-22.
- see: Andy Capp Sounds Off, Fawcett, 1966, where the back of the book advert reads: "Sound Off! Beat Your Wife! Drink Up! But First Buy The Book!"
- Andy Capp at Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived from the original on April 4, 2012.
- *Blystone, Richard (3 April 1977). "Cartoon Famous, Creator Isn't". The Evening News (Newburgh, NY). Associated Press. p. B1. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
- Andy Capp, British Cartoon Archive, University of Kent
- Daily Andy Capp comics at Creators Syndicate
- Daily Andy Capp comics at GoComics
- Andy's Facebook Page
- "A comic-hero on his way through Europe" in Nürnberger Nachrichten (newspaper), about Ultras Nürnberg‘s mascot "Jacky" (=Andy) (German)
- Cigarettes and Alcohol: Andy Capp, extensive article about Reg Smythe and the comic strip, at PlanetSlade