Andy Serkis

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Andy Serkis
Andy Serkis by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Born Andrew Clement Serkis
(1964-04-20) 20 April 1964 (age 49)
Ruislip, Middlesex, UK
Occupation Actor, voice artist, director, author
Years active 1989–present
Spouse(s) Lorraine Ashbourne (22 July 2002 – present)
Website
www.serkis.com

Andrew Clement "Andy" Serkis[1][2] (born 20 April 1964) is an English film actor, director and author.

Serkis is known for his performance capture roles comprising motion capture acting, animation and voice work for such computer-generated characters as: Gollum in The Lord of the Rings film trilogy (2001–2003) and The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey (2012), King Kong in the eponymous 2005 film, Caesar in Rise of the Planet of the Apes (2011)[3][4] and Captain Haddock in Steven Spielberg's The Adventures of Tintin (2011). Serkis' film work in motion capture has been critically acclaimed, earning him recognition from many associations that do not traditionally recognise motion capture as "real acting". Serkis has received an Empire Award, a National Board of Review Award, two Saturn Awards and a Screen Actors Guild Award for his motion capture work.

Serkis also earned a Golden Globe Award nomination for his portrayal of serial killer Ian Brady in the British television film Longford (2006); and he was nominated for a BAFTA Award for his portrayal of New Wave and punk musician Ian Dury in the biopic Sex & Drugs & Rock & Roll (2010).

Early life[edit]

Serkis, one of five children, was born and brought up in Ruislip Manor in West London. His mother, Lylie (née Weech), was English and taught disabled children. His father, Clement Serkis, was an Iraqi gynaecologist of Armenian ethnicity.[5][6][7] His ancestors' original surname was Sarkisian.[8] His father often worked away in the Middle East, while he was brought up in Britain, with regular holidays in the Middle East including to Tyre, Sidon, Damascus and Baghdad.[9]

Serkis was educated at St Benedict's School, Ealing, and then studied visual arts at Lancaster University. He chose theatre as a secondary subject so that he could design posters.[10] Serkis was a member of the County College, and part of the student radio station Bailrigg FM. He joined the Nuffield Studio, getting involved in designing and producing plays.

Having agreed to act in a couple of productions, towards the end of his first year Serkis played the lead role in Barrie Keeffe's play Gotcha, as a rebellious teenager holding a teacher hostage. As a result, he changed his major subject to acting, constructing his Independent Studies Degree around acting and set design, studying Stanislavski and Brecht, and including minor modules in art and visual graphics.[11] In his final year at Lancaster he adapted Raymond Briggs's graphic novel 'The Tinpot Foreign General and the Old Iron Woman', a satire about the Falklands War, as a one-man show which he performed to acclaim.

Career[edit]

In his third year at college, Serkis joined the backstage team at the local Duke's Playhouse to earn his Equity card. On graduation, although advised to take a one-year post-graduate acting course, he joined Dukes as an actor and, under director Jonathan Petherbridge who used workshops based upon the methods of Augusto Boal, spent 18 months acting in a broad range of productions from Brecht through Shakespeare to modern British playwrights.[12]

After 16 months, and having gained his Equity card, Serkis joined a series of touring companies, including productions of: Bouncers opposite Hull Truck; Florizel in The Winter's Tale; and the fool in King Lear with director Max Stafford-Clark.[12] In the early 1990s he settled in London, and took roles in Dogboy, the Royal Court Theatre's production of Mojo, Bill Sikes in a television film of Oliver Twist (1999) and Wilson Milam's production of Hurlyburly (1997) at the Queen's Theatre, Shaftesbury Avenue, with Rupert Graves and David Tennant.[13]

Like many British actors, Serkis made the move to television by appearing in small roles, such as Greville in an episode of The Darling Buds of May (1992). However, one of his first major starring roles was in the joint BBC/HBO production of Einstein and Eddington (2008). Serkis played Albert Einstein, following the development of his theory of relativity, while David Tennant played British scientist Sir Arthur Eddington. Serkis joined director Mike Leigh's ensemble for two film productions, and appeared in the romantic comedy Loop (1999) alongside Susannah York.

Serkis' most critically acclaimed roles have been Sméagol/Gollum, in The Lord of the Rings film trilogy (2001–03), the title character in the 2005 version of King Kong, in which he provided both the voice and movements for the CGI character as well as the ship's cook, and as 1970s new wave singer Ian Dury in Sex & Drugs & Rock & Roll (2010).

His work on The Lord of the Rings started a debate on the legitimacy of CGI-assisted acting. Some critics[14] felt Serkis should have been nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, since his voice, body language, and facial expressions were used. There is the argument that his CGI actions were partially, or in some cases fully, animated without his movements, but the same is true for actors in a traditional film with CGI (uncredited, Serkis also voices the Witch-king of Angmar, as well as several orc characters). Serkis does appear briefly as Sméagol before he transforms into Gollum, and the CGI Gollum's facial characteristics are fundamentally based on Serkis' own. For his work as Sméagol/Gollum in the trilogy, he was given a copy of the Ring of Power to keep from that series, just as others in the cast could take home other items from The Lord of the Rings.

Serkis worked with game developers Ninja Theory on the 2007 release Heavenly Sword, providing the motion capture and voice for King Bohan (the game's main villain), as well as acting as Dramatic Director for the game. He has played 30 roles in film and television productions. One of his earliest feature film appearances was alongside Sacha Baron Cohen in The Jolly Boys' Last Stand.

Serkis in his mocap suit for King Kong

Serkis was cast as serial killer Ian Brady in the BAFTA-nominated Longford, co-starring Samantha Morton as Myra Hindley and Jim Broadbent as Lord Longford. The film was attacked by relatives of Brady's and Hindley's victims.[15] Winnie Johnson, the mother of Keith Bennett whose body has never been found, publicly criticised Serkis for requesting a meeting with Brady in preparation for the role. Serkis only portrayed Brady in two scenes in the film, both depict prison visits by Longford, with Brady urging him not to support Hindley as she is a manipulative woman who will "destroy" him.

In 2006, Serkis appeared in the role of Mr Grin in the film rendition of Anthony Horowitz's Alex Rider novel Stormbreaker. In 2006, he was in the film The Prestige as Mr. Alley, assistant to Nikola Tesla, and as the voice of Spike, one of the henchrats in the Aardman Animations film Flushed Away. In 2006 Serkis appeared in Jim Threapleton's improvised feature film, Extraordinary Rendition, which premiered in 2007.

Serkis appeared in Sugarhouse, a low-budget independently made film, playing local crime lord Hoodwink, who terrorises an east London housing estate. For the role, Serkis shaved his head and had sessions lasting 20 hours each to have temporary tattoos stencilled onto his body. The film premiered at the 2007 Edinburgh Festival and released in the UK on 24 August 2007.

In 2007, Serkis provided the voice over for Monkey Life, Five broadcast for three weeks from 13–31 August 2007. This series is about Monkey World, the popular ape and monkey sanctuary and zoo near Wool, Dorset. Serkis reunited with Peter Jackson, as a cast member in Jackson's and Steven Spielberg's Tintin trilogy, based on The Adventures of Tintin: Secret of the Unicorn. Filming began in January 2009 and the film was released in 2011.[16] Filming was due to begin in September 2008 but was delayed due to Universal pulling out of backing the project.[17] In 2008, Serkis appeared as Rigaud in the BBC Television adaptation Little Dorrit.

In 2009, Serkis voiced the role of the demon Screwtape in Focus on the Family's Radio Theatre audio drama of The Screwtape Letters.[18]

In 2010, Serkis was cast as William Burke for the John Landis film Burke and Hare[19] opposite Simon Pegg.

In 2010, Serkis features in the TV series The Accused, in "Liam's Story", written by Danny Brocklehurst and Jimmy McGovern. He plays "Caesar" in the 20th Century Fox science-fiction film Rise of the Planet of the Apes.[20]

In October 2010, Serkis played Monkey, the lead character along with Lindsay Shaw in the videogame Enslaved: Odyssey to the West created by Ninja Theory.

In January 2011, it was confirmed that Serkis would reprise the role of Gollum in the three-part The Hobbit films which will be released in 2012, 2013 and 2014.[21] He was also the film's second unit director, which included directing aerial shots and battle scenes.[9] He was invited to join the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in June 2012 along with 175 other individuals.[22]

The Imaginarium Studios[edit]

In 2011, Serkis founded The Imaginarium Studios with film producer Jonathan Cavendish. The Imaginarium is a creative digital studio based in Ealing, dedicated to the invention of believable, emotionally engaging digital characters using Performance Capture technology, in which Serkis specialises.[23] On 20 October 2012 the studio acquired rights to The Bone Season by Samantha Shannon and a new motion capture adaptation of Animal Farm, which Serkis will direct.[24]

Directing[edit]

Serkis has served as the second unit director for The Hobbit films and will make his directing debut for The Jungle Book.[25]

Personal life[edit]

Serkis married actress Lorraine Ashbourne in July 2002. Serkis lives in Crouch End, North London with his wife and their three children: Ruby (b. 1998), Sonny (b. 2000) and Louis (b. 2004).[9][26]

Serkis was a vegetarian but started to eat fish during the filming of The Lord of the Rings film trilogy. He writes about it in his book Gollum: How We Made Movie Magic, published in 2004.[citation needed]

Serkis was born to Catholic parents,[5][27] and though he has been a staunch atheist since his teenage years,[28] he is drawn to the karmic possibilities of energy transference, specifically "the idea that your energy lives on after you".[28]

Filmography[edit]

Films[edit]

Year Film Role Notes
1994 Prince of Jutland Torsten
1995 The Near Room Bunny
1996 Stella Does Tricks Fitz
1997 Mojo Potts
Career Girls Nick Evans
Loop Bill
1998 The Tale of Sweety Barrett Leo King
Among Giants Bob
Clueless David Short film
Insomnia Harry Short film
1999 Topsy-Turvy John D'Auban
Five Seconds to Spare Chester
2000 Jump Shaun
"Arabian Nights" Kasim
Shiner Mel
Pandaemonium John Thelwall
The Jolly Boys' Last Stand Spider
2001 The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring Gollum and Witch-king of Angmar Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Cast
Nominated—Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture
2002 The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers Sméagol/Gollum and Snaga Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Digital Acting Performance
MTV Movie Award for Best On-Screen Duo (as Gollum, shared with Sean Astin and Elijah Wood)
MTV Movie Award for Best Virtual Performance (as Gollum)
Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Cast
Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Cast
Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actor
Visual Effects Society Award for Best Performance by an Actor in an Effects Film (shared with Sean Astin and Elijah Wood)
Nominated—Empire Award for Best British Actor
Nominated—DVDX Award for Best Audio Commentary (New for DVD)
Nominated—Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated—Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture
The Escapist Ricky Barnes
Deathwatch Pvt. Thomas Quinn
24 Hour Party People Martin Hannett
2003 The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King Sméagol/Gollum and Witch-king of Angmar Appears as Witch-King of Angmar on extended version only
Empire Award for Best British Actor
National Board of Review Award for Best Cast
Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture
Visual Effects Society Award for Best Performance by an Actor in an Effects Film (shared with Steven Hornby, Matthias Menz and Greg Butler)
Nominated—Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated—Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated—Phoenix Film Critics Society Award for Best Cast
Nominated—Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actor
2004 Blessed Father Carlo
13 Going on 30 Richard Kneeland
Standing Room Only Granny, Rastafarian and Hunter Jackson
2005 King Kong King Kong and Lumpy the Cook Utah Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
Special Citation at the Toronto Film Critics Association Awards
Visual Effects Society Award for Best Performance by an Actor in an Effects Film (shared with Christian Rivers, Atsushi Sato and Guy Williams)
Nominated—MTV Movie Award for Best Fight (as Kong)
Stories of Lost Souls Granny, Rastafarian and Hunter Jackson
2006 Extraordinary Rendition Lead Interrogator
Longford Ian Brady Nominated—BAFTA TV Award for Best Actor
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor - Series, Miniseries or Television Film
Nominated—Golden Nymph for Best Performance by an Actor in a Television Film
Nominated—Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actor - Series, Miniseries or Television Film
Stormbreaker Mr. Grin
The Prestige Mr. Alley
Flushed Away Spike Voice
2007 Muybridge Erickson
Sugarhouse Hoodwink
2008 The Cottage David
Inkheart Capricorn
2009 Sex & Drugs & Rock & Roll Ian Dury Empire Inspiration Award
Evening Standard British Film Award for Best Actor
Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role
Nominated—BIFA Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a British Independent Film
2010 Burke and Hare[29] William Hare
Death of a Superhero Dr. Adrian King
2011 Brighton Rock Mr. Colleoni
Rise of the Planet of the Apes Caesar IGN Summer Movie Award for Favorite Hero[30]
IGN Summer Movie Award for Coolest Creature
Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actor
Virtuoso Award at the Santa Barbara International Film Festival
Nominated—Alliance of Women Film Journalists Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role
Nominated—Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated—Empire Award for Best Actor
Nominated—Houston Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated—IGN Award for Best Movie Actor[31]
Nominated—San Diego Film Critics Society Award for Best Supporting Actor
Nominated—Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture
Nominated—Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor
Arthur Christmas General Elf
The Adventures of Tintin Captain Haddock and Sir Francis Haddock Nominated—IGN Award for Best Movie Actor[31]
2012 Wild Bill Glen
The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey Gollum Also second unit director
The Spider Everett
2013 The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug Second unit director
2014 Dawn of the Planet of the Apes Caesar Post-production
The Hobbit: There and Back Again Post-production
Second unit director
Godzilla Godzilla Motion capture[32]
2015 The Adventures of Tintin sequel Captain Haddock Pre-production
The Jungle Book TBA Director
TBD Freezing Time Erickson Also director and producer
Animal Farm TBA Director
The Bone Season TBA Producer

Television[edit]

Year Film Role Notes
1989 Morris Minor and his Marvellous Motors Sparky Plugg
Streetwise Owen
1992 The Darling Buds of May Greville Episode "Le Grande Weekend"
1993 Pie in the Sky Maxwell Episode "Passion Fruit Fool"
1994 Finney Tom
Grushko Pyotr
1997 The Pale Horse Sergeant Corrigan
1998 The Jump Steven Brunos
1999 Oliver Twist Bill Sikes
Shooting the Past Styeman
Touching Evil III Michael Lawler
2000 Arabian Nights Kasim
2004 Spooks Riff Episode "Celebrity"
The Simpsons Cleanie Episode "Dude, Where's My Ranch?"
2006 Simon Schama's Power of Art Vincent van Gogh Episode "Van Gogh: Wheat Field with Crows"
2007 Monkey Life (TV Series) Narrator Series 1
2008 Einstein and Eddington Albert Einstein
Little Dorrit Rigaud Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie
2009 The Screwtape Letters[18] Screwtape
2010 Accused Liam

Video games[edit]

Year Game Role Notes
2002 The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers Gollum Voice role
Archive footage
2003 The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King Gollum Voice role
Archive footage
2007 Heavenly Sword King Bohan Dramatic director
Voice and motion capture
2009 Risen The Inquisitor Voice role
2010 Enslaved: Odyssey to the West Monkey
The Pyramid
Voice and motion capture
2012 Lego The Lord of the Rings Gollum Archive footage

Other works[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "SERKIS, Andy". Ftvdb.bfi.org.uk. 16 April 2009. Retrieved 12 July 2010. 
  2. ^ "Mr Andrew Clement Serkis | Level". Levelbusiness.com. Retrieved 21 August 2011. 
  3. ^ J.C. Maçek III (2 August 2012). "'American Pop'... Matters: Ron Thompson, the Illustrated Man Unsung". PopMatters. 
  4. ^ Andy Serkis Cast in "Rise of the Apes", Total Film, 30 June 2010
  5. ^ a b Andy Serkis comes out from behind Gollum and King Kong by Times Online
  6. ^ xoanon (1 February 2001). "Andy Serkis Talks LOTR". TheOneRing.net. Retrieved 29 March 2010. 
  7. ^ Shoard, Catherine (16 March 2008). "Andy Serkis: Beastie boy". London: The Telegraph. Retrieved 22 October 2010. 
  8. ^ Nepales, Ruben V. (6 July 2007). "Only in Hollywood Andy Serkis: From Gollum, King Kong to Einstein". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 22 October 2010. 
  9. ^ a b c James Mottram (7 December 2012). "Gollum's precious moments: Andy Serkis' unexpected journey from The Lord of the Rings to The Hobbit". The Independent. Retrieved 7 December 2012. 
  10. ^ Mike Larkin (6 August 2011). "Rise of the Planet of the Apes: How Andy Serkis brought a rebellious chimp to life | Mail Online". London: Dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved 21 August 2011. 
  11. ^ Ken P. (27 January 2003). "An Interview with Andy Serkis – Movies Feature at IGN". Uk.movies.ign.com. Retrieved 21 August 2011. 
  12. ^ a b Ken P. (20 April 1964). "An Interview with Andy Serkis – Movies Feature at IGN". Uk.movies.ign.com. Retrieved 21 August 2011. 
  13. ^ Ken P. (20 April 1964). "An Interview with Andy Serkis – Movies Feature at IGN". Uk.movies.ign.com. Retrieved 21 August 2011. 
  14. ^ Oliver Poole (10 February 2003). "Can Gollum get the precious Oscar nod?". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 21 August 2011. 
  15. ^ Sunday Herald[dead link]
  16. ^ Jay A. Fernandez, Borys Kit (27 January 2009). "Daniel Craig to star in "Tintin"". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on 31 January 2009. Retrieved 27 January 2009. [dead link]
  17. ^ "Andy Serkis's interview at Den of Geek website". Denofgeek.com. 15 February 2008. Retrieved 12 July 2010. 
  18. ^ a b "Official audio drama website". Screwtape.com. Retrieved 12 July 2010. 
  19. ^ Submitted by DavidFullam on Thu, 01/21/2010–12:57 pm. (21 January 2010). "New Burke and Hare Casting News". Dreadcentral.com. Retrieved 12 July 2010. 
  20. ^ "Andy Serkis Grabs a Banana and Becomes King of 'Planet of the Apes'". Bloody-disgusting.com. Archived from the original on 3 July 2010. Retrieved 12 July 2010. 
  21. ^ Child, Ben (11 January 2011). "Sir Ian McKellen and Andy Serkis sign up for The Hobbit". Guardian (London). Archived from the original on 13 January 2011. Retrieved 11 January 2011. 
  22. ^ "Academy Invites 176 to Membership". The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 29 June 2012. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 
  23. ^ "Who We Are". Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  24. ^ "Andy Serkis: from Gollum to studio boss". Financial Times. 20 October 2012. Retrieved 20 October 2012. 
  25. ^ "Andy Serkis to Direct 'Jungle Book' for Warner Bros.". variety.com. 20 March 2014. Retrieved 21 March 2014. 
  26. ^ "Andy Serkis family info". Ageofthering.com. 1 May 2011. Retrieved 1 May 2011. 
  27. ^ Moorhead, Joanna (13 December 2008). "My family values". The Guardian (London). 
  28. ^ a b Shoard, Catherine (16 March 2008). "Andy Serkis: Beastie Boy". The Daily Telegraph (UK). Retrieved 12 July 2010. 
  29. ^ Burke and Hare at the Internet Movie Database
  30. ^ "IGN Summer Movie Award 2011 for Favorite Hero". IGN. 
  31. ^ a b "IGN Awards 2011". IGN. 
  32. ^ "Awesome New Look at Gareth Edwards' ‘Godzilla'; Andy Serkis Worked on Certain Sequences". 

External links[edit]