Serkis at 2014 WonderCon
|Born||Andrew Clement Serkis
20 April 1964
Ruislip, Middlesex, UK
|Occupation||Actor, voice artist, director, author|
Serkis is best known for his performance capture roles comprising motion capture acting, animation and voice work for such computer-generated characters as: Gollum in The Lord of the Rings film trilogy (2001–2003) and The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey (2012), King Kong in the eponymous 2005 film, Caesar in Rise and Dawn of the Planet of the Apes (2011, 2014) and Captain Haddock in Steven Spielberg's The Adventures of Tintin (2011). Serkis' film work in motion capture has been critically acclaimed, earning him recognition from many associations that do not traditionally recognise motion capture as "real acting". Serkis has received an Empire Award, a National Board of Review Award, two Saturn Awards and a Screen Actors Guild Award for his motion capture work.
Serkis also earned a Golden Globe Award nomination for his portrayal of serial killer Ian Brady in the British television film Longford (2006); and he was nominated for a BAFTA Award for his portrayal of new wave and punk rock musician Ian Dury in the biopic Sex & Drugs & Rock & Roll (2010). In 2014, he was confirmed as a part of the main cast of Star Wars Episode VII, as well as having a supporting role in Avengers: Age of Ultron, both of which will be released in 2015.
Serkis, one of five children, was born and brought up in Ruislip Manor in West London. His mother, Lylie (née Weech), was English and taught disabled children. His father, Clement Serkis, was an Iraqi gynaecologist of Armenian ethnicity. His ancestors' original surname was Sarkisian. His father often worked away in the Middle East, while he was brought up in Britain, with regular holidays in the Middle East including to Tyre, Sidon, Damascus and Baghdad.
Serkis was educated at St Benedict's School, Ealing, and then studied visual arts at Lancaster University. He chose theatre as a secondary subject so that he could design posters. Serkis was a member of the County College, and part of the student radio station Bailrigg FM. He joined the Nuffield Studio, getting involved in designing and producing plays.
Having agreed to act in a couple of productions, towards the end of his first year Serkis played the lead role in Barrie Keeffe's play Gotcha, as a rebellious teenager holding a teacher hostage. As a result, he changed his major subject to acting, constructing his Independent Studies Degree around acting and set design, studying Stanislavski and Brecht, and including minor modules in art and visual graphics. In his final year at Lancaster he adapted Raymond Briggs's graphic novel 'The Tinpot Foreign General and the Old Iron Woman', a satire about the Falklands War, as a one-man show which he performed to acclaim.
In his third year at college, Serkis joined the backstage team at the local Duke's Playhouse to earn his Equity card. On graduation, although advised to take a one-year post-graduate acting course, he joined Dukes as an actor and, under director Jonathan Petherbridge who used workshops based upon the methods of Augusto Boal, spent 18 months acting in a broad range of productions from Brecht through Shakespeare to modern British playwrights.
After 16 months, and having gained his Equity card, Serkis joined a series of touring companies, including productions of: Bouncers opposite Hull Truck; Florizel in The Winter's Tale; and the fool in King Lear with director Max Stafford-Clark. In the early 1990s he settled in London, and took roles in Dogboy, the Royal Court Theatre's production of Mojo, Bill Sikes in a television film of Oliver Twist (1999) and Wilson Milam's production of Hurlyburly (1997) at the Queen's Theatre, Shaftesbury Avenue, with Rupert Graves and David Tennant.
Like many British actors, Serkis made the move to television by appearing in small roles, such as Greville in an episode of The Darling Buds of May (1992). However, one of his first major starring roles was in the joint BBC/HBO production of Einstein and Eddington (2008). Serkis played Albert Einstein, following the development of his theory of relativity, while David Tennant played British scientist Sir Arthur Eddington. Serkis joined director Mike Leigh's ensemble for two film productions, and appeared in the romantic comedy Loop (1999) alongside Susannah York.
Serkis' most critically acclaimed roles have been Sméagol/Gollum, in The Lord of the Rings film trilogy (2001–03), the title character in the 2005 version of King Kong, in which he provided both the voice and movements for the CGI character as well as the ship's cook, and as 1970s new wave singer Ian Dury in Sex & Drugs & Rock & Roll (2010).
His work on The Lord of the Rings started a debate on the legitimacy of CGI-assisted acting. Some critics felt Serkis should have been nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, since his voice, body language, and facial expressions were used. There is the argument that his CGI actions were partially, or in some cases fully, animated without his movements, but the same is true for actors in a traditional film with CGI (uncredited, Serkis also voices the Witch-king of Angmar, as well as several orc characters). Serkis does appear briefly as Sméagol before he transforms into Gollum, and the CGI Gollum's facial characteristics are fundamentally based on Serkis' own. For his work as Sméagol/Gollum in the trilogy, he was given a copy of the Ring of Power to keep from that series, just as others in the cast could take home other items from The Lord of the Rings.
Serkis worked with game developers Ninja Theory on the 2007 release Heavenly Sword, providing the motion capture and voice for King Bohan (the game's main villain), as well as acting as Dramatic Director for the game. He has played 30 roles in film and television productions. One of his earliest feature film appearances was alongside Sacha Baron Cohen in The Jolly Boys' Last Stand.
Serkis was cast as serial killer Ian Brady in the BAFTA-nominated Longford, co-starring Samantha Morton as Myra Hindley and Jim Broadbent as Lord Longford. The film was attacked by relatives of Brady's and Hindley's victims. Winnie Johnson, the mother of Keith Bennett whose body has never been found, publicly criticised Serkis for requesting a meeting with Brady in preparation for the role. Serkis only portrayed Brady in two scenes in the film, both depict prison visits by Longford, with Brady urging him not to support Hindley as she is a manipulative woman who will "destroy" him.
In 2006, Serkis appeared in the role of Mr Grin in the film rendition of Anthony Horowitz's Alex Rider novel Stormbreaker. In 2006, he was in the film The Prestige as Mr. Alley, assistant to Nikola Tesla, and as the voice of Spike, one of the henchrats in the Aardman Animations film Flushed Away. In 2006 Serkis appeared in Jim Threapleton's improvised feature film, Extraordinary Rendition, which premiered in 2007.
Serkis appeared in Sugarhouse, a low-budget independently made film, playing local crime lord Hoodwink, who terrorises an east London housing estate. For the role, Serkis shaved his head and had sessions lasting 20 hours each to have temporary tattoos stencilled onto his body. The film premiered at the 2007 Edinburgh Festival and released in the UK on 24 August 2007.
In 2007, Serkis provided the voice over for Monkey Life, Five broadcast for three weeks from 13–31 August 2007. This series is about Monkey World, the popular ape and monkey sanctuary and zoo near Wool, Dorset. Serkis reunited with Peter Jackson, as a cast member in Jackson's and Steven Spielberg's Tintin trilogy, based on The Adventures of Tintin: Secret of the Unicorn. Filming began in January 2009 and the film was released in 2011. Filming was due to begin in September 2008 but was delayed due to Universal pulling out of backing the project. In 2008, Serkis appeared as Rigaud in the BBC Television adaptation Little Dorrit.
In 2010, Serkis features in the TV series The Accused, in "Liam's Story", written by Danny Brocklehurst and Jimmy McGovern. He plays "Caesar" in the 20th Century Fox science-fiction film Rise of the Planet of the Apes.
In January 2011, it was confirmed that Serkis would reprise the role of Gollum in the three-part The Hobbit films which will be released in 2012, 2013 and 2014. He was also the film's second unit director, which included directing aerial shots and battle scenes. He was invited to join the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in June 2012 along with 175 other individuals.
The Imaginarium Studios
In 2011, Serkis founded The Imaginarium Studios with film producer Jonathan Cavendish. The Imaginarium is a creative digital studio based in Ealing, dedicated to the invention of believable, emotionally engaging digital characters using Performance Capture technology, in which Serkis specialises. On 20 October 2012 the studio acquired rights to The Bone Season by Samantha Shannon and a new motion capture adaptation of Animal Farm, which Serkis will direct.
Serkis was a vegetarian but started to eat fish during the filming of The Lord of the Rings film trilogy. He writes about it in his book Gollum: How We Made Movie Magic, published in 2004.
Serkis was born to Catholic parents, and though he has been an atheist since his teenage years, he is drawn to the karmic possibilities of energy transference, specifically "the idea that your energy lives on after you".
|1994||Prince of Jutland||Torsten|
|1995||The Near Room||Bunny|
|1996||Stella Does Tricks||Fitz|
|1997||Career Girls||Nick Evans|
|1998||The Tale of Sweety Barrett||Leo King|
|1999||Five Seconds to Spare||Chester|
|2000||The Jolly Boys' Last Stand||Spider|
|2001||The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring||Gollum and Witch-king of Angmar|
|2002||The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers||Sméagol/Gollum and Snaga|
|2002||The Escapist||Ricky Barnes|
|2002||Deathwatch||Pvt. Thomas Quinn|
|2002||24 Hour Party People||Martin Hannett|
|2003||The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King||Sméagol/Gollum||Appears as the Witch-King on extended version|
|2004||13 Going on 30||Richard Kneeland|
|2004||Standing Room Only||Granny, Rastafarian and Hunter Jackson|
|2005||King Kong||King Kong and Lumpy the Cook|
|2005||Stories of Lost Souls||Granny, Rastafarian and Hunter Jackson|
|2006||Extraordinary Rendition||Lead Interrogator|
|2006||The Prestige||Mr. Alley|
|2009||Sex & Drugs & Rock & Roll||Ian Dury|
|2010||Burke and Hare||William Hare|
|2010||Death of a Superhero||Dr. Adrian King|
|2011||Brighton Rock||Mr. Colleoni|
|2011||Rise of the Planet of the Apes||Caesar|
|2011||Arthur Christmas||General Elf|
|2011||The Adventures of Tintin||Captain Haddock and Sir Francis Haddock|
|2012||The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey||Gollum||Also second unit director|
|2013||The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug||Second unit director|
|2014||Godzilla||Motion capture consultant|
|2014||Dawn of the Planet of the Apes||Caesar|
|2014||The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies||Post-production; second unit director|
|2015||Avengers: Age of Ultron||TBA|
|2015||Star Wars Episode VII||TBA|
|TBA||The Jungle Book||Director|
|TBA||The Adventures of Tintin sequel||Captain Haddock|
|1989||Morris Minor and his Marvellous Motors||Sparky Plugg|
|1992||The Darling Buds of May||Greville||Episode "Le Grande Weekend"|
|1993||Pie in the Sky||Maxwell||Episode "Passion Fruit Fool"|
|1997||The Pale Horse||Sergeant Corrigan|
|1998||The Jump||Steven Brunos|
|1999||Oliver Twist||Bill Sikes|
|1999||Shooting the Past||Styeman|
|1999||Touching Evil III||Michael Lawler|
|2004||The Simpsons||Cleanie||Episode "Dude, Where's My Ranch?"|
|2006||Simon Schama's Power of Art||Vincent van Gogh||Episode "Van Gogh: Wheat Field with Crows"|
|2007||Monkey Life (TV Series)||Narrator||Series 1|
|2008||Einstein and Eddington||Albert Einstein|
|2009||The Screwtape Letters||Screwtape|
|2002||The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers||Gollum||Archive footage|
|2003||The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King||Gollum||Archive footage|
|2007||Heavenly Sword||King Bohan||Dramatic director; motion capture|
|2010||Enslaved: Odyssey to the West||Monkey / The Pyramid||Motion capture|
|2012||Lego The Lord of the Rings||Gollum||Archive footage|
|2014||Lego The Hobbit||Gollum||Archive footage|
Awards and nominations
- His book Gollum: How We Made Movie Magic (published 2004) explains how he created Gollum, which was originally a three-week voiceover job.
- He played an abusive boyfriend in the music video for Neneh Cherry's "Woman".
- "SERKIS, Andy". Ftvdb.bfi.org.uk. 16 April 2009. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- "Mr Andrew Clement Serkis | Level". Levelbusiness.com. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
- J.C. Maçek III (2 August 2012). "'American Pop'... Matters: Ron Thompson, the Illustrated Man Unsung". PopMatters.
- Andy Serkis Cast in "Rise of the Apes", Total Film, 30 June 2010
- Andy Serkis comes out from behind Gollum and King Kong by Times Online
- xoanon (1 February 2001). "Andy Serkis Talks LOTR". TheOneRing.net. Retrieved 29 March 2010.
- Shoard, Catherine (16 March 2008). "Andy Serkis: Beastie boy". London: The Telegraph. Retrieved 22 October 2010.
- Nepales, Ruben V. (6 July 2007). "Only in Hollywood Andy Serkis: From Gollum, King Kong to Einstein". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 22 October 2010.
- James Mottram (7 December 2012). "Gollum's precious moments: Andy Serkis' unexpected journey from The Lord of the Rings to The Hobbit". The Independent. Retrieved 7 December 2012.
- Mike Larkin (6 August 2011). "Rise of the Planet of the Apes: How Andy Serkis brought a rebellious chimp to life | Mail Online". London: Dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
- Ken P. (27 January 2003). "An Interview with Andy Serkis – Movies Feature at IGN". Uk.movies.ign.com. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
- Ken P. (20 April 1964). "An Interview with Andy Serkis – Movies Feature at IGN". Uk.movies.ign.com. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
- Ken P. (20 April 1964). "An Interview with Andy Serkis – Movies Feature at IGN". Uk.movies.ign.com. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
- Oliver Poole (10 February 2003). "Can Gollum get the precious Oscar nod?". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
- Sunday Herald[dead link]
- Jay A. Fernandez, Borys Kit (27 January 2009). "Daniel Craig to star in "Tintin"". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on 31 January 2009. Retrieved 27 January 2009.[dead link]
- "Andy Serkis's interview at Den of Geek website". Denofgeek.com. 15 February 2008. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- "Official audio drama website". Screwtape.com. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- Submitted by DavidFullam on Thu, 01/21/2010–12:57 pm. (21 January 2010). "New Burke and Hare Casting News". Dreadcentral.com. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- "Andy Serkis Grabs a Banana and Becomes King of 'Planet of the Apes'". Bloody-disgusting.com. Archived from the original on 3 July 2010. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- Child, Ben (11 January 2011). "Sir Ian McKellen and Andy Serkis sign up for The Hobbit". Guardian (London). Archived from the original on 13 January 2011. Retrieved 11 January 2011.
- "Academy Invites 176 to Membership". The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 29 June 2012. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
- "Who We Are". Retrieved 5 October 2012.
- "Andy Serkis: from Gollum to studio boss". Financial Times. 20 October 2012. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
- "Andy Serkis to Direct 'Jungle Book' for Warner Bros.". variety.com. 20 March 2014. Retrieved 21 March 2014.
- "Andy Serkis family info". Ageofthering.com. 1 May 2011. Retrieved 1 May 2011.
- Moorhead, Joanna (13 December 2008). "My family values". The Guardian (London).
- Shoard, Catherine (16 March 2008). "Andy Serkis: Beastie Boy". The Daily Telegraph (UK). Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- "Awesome New Look at Gareth Edwards' ‘Godzilla'; Andy Serkis Worked on Certain Sequences".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Andy Serkis.|
- Official homepage
- Andy Serkis at the Internet Movie Database
- Andy Serkis on Inkheart and Tintin at AMCtv.com
- Andy Serkis Interview
- The Jolly Boys Last Stand