Serkis at the 2011 San Diego Comic-Con International.
|Born||Andrew Clement Serkis
20 April 1964
London, England, UK
|Occupation||Actor, voice artist, director, author|
|Spouse(s)||Lorraine Ashbourne (22 July 2002 – present)|
He is popularly known for playing through performance capture to animate and voice computer-generated characters: Gollum in The Lord of the Rings film trilogy (2001–2003) and the Hobbit prequels (2012–2014), King Kong in the eponymous 2005 film, Caesar in Rise of the Planet of the Apes (2011) and Captain Haddock in Steven Spielberg's The Adventures of Tintin (2011).
Andy also earned a Golden Globe Award nomination for his portrayal of Ian Brady in the British television film Longford (2006) and he was BAFTA Award nominated for his portrayal of New Wave and punk musician Ian Dury in the biopic Sex & Drugs & Rock & Roll (2010). Serkis' film work in motion capture has been critically acclaimed, especially as Gollum and Caesar, earning him awards from many associations which do not usually recognize motion capture as real acting including an Empire Award, a National Board of Review Award, two Saturn Awards and a Screen Actors Guild Award.
Early life 
Serkis, one of five children, was born and brought up in Ruislip Manor in West London. His mother, Lylie (née Weech), was English and taught disabled and invalid children; his father, Clement Serkis, was an Iraqi gynaecologist of Armenian ethnicity. His ancestors' original surname was Sarkisian. His father often worked away in the Middle East, while he was brought up in Britain, with regular holidays in the Middle East including to Tyre, Sidon, Damascus and Baghdad.
Serkis was educated at St Benedict's School, Ealing, and then started studying visual arts at Lancaster University, choosing theatre as a second subject so he could design posters. Serkis was a member of the County College, and part of the student radio station Bailrigg FM.
As part of the first year of his visual arts course at Lancaster University, Serkis had to choose a secondary subject as part of a broad-range based arts foundation. He chose to study theatre and joined the Nuffield Studio, getting involved designing and producing plays. Having agreed to act in a couple of productions, towards the end of his first year he played the lead role in Barrie Keeffe's play Gotcha,[disambiguation needed] as a rebellious teenager holding a teacher hostage. As a result he changed his major subject in the subsequent two years to acting, constructing his modular Independent Studies Degree around acting, set design studying Stanislavski and Brecht, and minor modules in art and visual graphics.
In his third year at college, Serkis joined the backstage team at the local Duke's Playhouse to earn his Equity card. On graduation, although advised to take a one year post-graduate acting course, he joined Dukes as an actor, and under director Jonathan Petherbridge who used workshops based upon the methods of Augusto Boal, spent 18 months acting in a broad range of productions from Brecht through Shakespeare to modern British playwrights.
After 16 months, and having gained his Equity card, Serkis joined a series of touring companies, including productions of: Bouncers[disambiguation needed] opposite Hull Truck; Florizel in The Winter's Tale; and the fool in King Lear with Max Stafford-Clark. In the early 1990s he settled in London, and took roles in Dogboy, the Royal Court Theatre's production of Mojo, Bill Sikes in Oliver Twist, and Wilson Milam's 1997 production of Hurlyburly at the Queen's Theatre, Shaftesbury Avenue, opposite Rupert Graves and David Tennant.
Like many British actors, Serkis made the move to television through the BBC, appearing in small roles such as Greville in The Darling Buds of May. However, one of his first major starring roles was in the joint BBC/HBO production of Einstein and Eddington. Serkis played Albert Einstein, following the development of his theory of relativity, while David Tennant played British scientist Sir Arthur Eddington. Serkis joined director Mike Leigh's ensemble for two film productions, and appeared in the 1999 romantic comedy Loop alongside Susannah York.
Serkis' most critically acclaimed roles have been Sméagol/Gollum, in The Lord of the Rings film trilogy (2001–03), the title character in the 2005 version of King Kong, in which he provided both the voice and movements for the CGI character as well as the ship's cook, and as 1970s new wave star Ian Dury in Sex & Drugs & Rock & Roll (2010).
His work on The Lord of the Rings started a debate on the legitimacy of CGI-assisted acting. Some critics felt Serkis should have been nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, since his voice, body language, and facial expressions were used. There is the argument that his CGI actions were partially, or in some cases fully, animated without his movements, but the same is true for actors in a traditional film with CGI (uncredited, Serkis also voices the Witch-king of Angmar, as well as several orc characters). Serkis does appear briefly as Sméagol before he transforms into Gollum, and the CGI Gollum's facial characteristics are fundamentally based on Serkis' own. For his work as Sméagol/Gollum in the trilogy, he was given a copy of the Ring of Power to keep from that series, just as others in the cast could take home other items from The Lord of the Rings.
Serkis worked with game developers Ninja Theory on the 2007 release Heavenly Sword, providing the motion capture and voice for King Bohan (the game's main villain), as well as acting as Dramatic Director for the game. He has played 30 roles in film and television productions. One of his earliest feature film appearances was alongside Sacha Baron Cohen in The Jolly Boys' Last Stand.
Serkis was cast as serial killer Ian Brady in the BAFTA-nominated Longford, co-starring Samantha Morton as Myra Hindley and Jim Broadbent as Lord Longford. The film was attacked by relatives of Brady's and Hindley's victims. Winnie Johnson, the mother of Keith Bennett whose body has never been found, publicly criticised Serkis for requesting a meeting with Brady in preparation for the role. Serkis only portrayed Brady in two scenes in the film – both while he was in prison and meeting with Longford, urging him not to support Hindley as she is a manipulative woman who will "destroy" him.
In 2006, Serkis appeared in the role of Mr Grin in the film rendition of Anthony Horowitz's Alex Rider novel Stormbreaker. In 2006, he was in the film The Prestige as Mr. Alley, assistant to Nikola Tesla, and as the voice of Spike, one of the henchrats in the Aardman Animations film Flushed Away. In 2006 Serkis appeared in Jim Threapleton's improvised feature film, Extraordinary Rendition, which premiered in 2007.
Serkis appeared in Sugarhouse, a low-budget independently made film, playing local crime lord Hoodwink, who terrorises an east London housing estate. For the role, Serkis shaved his head and had sessions lasting 20 hours each to have temporary tattoos stencilled onto his body. The film premiered at the 2007 Edinburgh Festival and released in the UK on 24 August 2007.
In 2007, Serkis provided the voice over for Monkey Business, Five broadcast for three weeks from 13–31 August 2007. This series is about Monkey World, the popular ape and monkey sanctuary and zoo near Wool, Dorset. Serkis reunited with Peter Jackson, as a cast member in Jackson's and Steven Spielberg's Tintin trilogy, based on The Adventures of Tintin: Secret of the Unicorn. Filming began in January 2009 and the film was released in 2011. Filming was due to begin in September 2008 but was delayed due to Universal pulling out of backing the project. In 2008, Serkis appeared as Rigaud in the BBC Television adaptation Little Dorrit.
In 2010, Serkis features in the TV series The Accused, in "Liam's Story", written by Danny Brocklehurst and Jimmy McGovern. He plays "Caesar" in the 20th Century Fox science-fiction film Rise of the Planet of the Apes.
In October 2010, Serkis was the lead in the videogame Enslaved: Odyssey to the West.
In January 2011, it was confirmed that Serkis would reprise the role of Gollum in the three-part The Hobbit films which will be released in 2012, 2013 and 2014. He was also the film's second unit director, which included directing aerial shots and battle scenes.
The Imaginarium Studios 
In 2011 Serkis founded The Imaginarium Studios with film producer Jonathan Cavendish. The Imaginarium is a creative digital studio based in Ealing, dedicated to the invention of believable, emotionally engaging digital characters using Performance Capture technology, in which Serkis specializes. On 20 October 2012 the studio acquired rights to The Bone Season by Samantha Shannon and a new motion capture adaptation of Animal Farm, which Serkis will direct.
Personal life 
Serkis was a vegetarian but started to eat fish during the filming of The Lord of the Rings film trilogy. He writes about it in his book Gollum: How We Made Movie Magic, published in 2004.
Serkis was born to Catholic parents, and though he has been a staunch atheist since his teenage years, he is drawn to the karmic possibilities of energy transference, specifically "the idea that your energy lives on after you".
|1989||Morris Minor and his Marvellous Motors||Sparky Plugg|
|1992||The Darling Buds of May||Greville||Episode "Le Grande Weekend"|
|1993||Pie in the Sky||Maxwell||Episode "Passion Fruit Fool"|
|1997||The Pale Horse||Sergeant Corrigan|
|1998||The Jump||Steven Brunos|
|1999||Oliver Twist||Bill Sikes|
|Shooting the Past||Styeman|
|Touching Evil III||Michael Lawler|
|The Simpsons||Cleanie||Episode "Dude, Where's My Ranch?"|
|2006||Simon Schama's Power of Art||Vincent van Gogh||Episode "Van Gogh: Wheat Field with Crows"|
|2008||Einstein and Eddington||Albert Einstein|
|Little Dorrit||Rigaud||Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie|
|2009||The Screwtape Letters||Screwtape|
Video games 
|2002||The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers||Gollum||Voice role
|2003||The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King||Gollum||Voice role
|2007||Heavenly Sword||King Bohan||Dramatic director
Voice and motion capture
|2009||Risen||The Inquisitor||Voice role|
|2010||Enslaved: Odyssey to the West||Monkey
|Voice and motion capture|
|2012||Lego The Lord of the Rings||Gollum||Archive footage|
Other works 
- His book Gollum: How We Made Movie Magic (published 2004) explains how he created Gollum, which was originally a three-week voiceover job.
- He played an abusive boyfriend in the music video for Neneh Cherry's "Woman".
- "SERKIS, Andy". Ftvdb.bfi.org.uk. 16 April 2009. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- "Mr Andrew Clement Serkis | Level". Levelbusiness.com. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
- J.C. Maçek III (2 August 2012). "'American Pop'... Matters: Ron Thompson, the Illustrated Man Unsung". PopMatters.
- Andy Serkis Cast in "Rise of the Apes", Total Film, 30 June 2010
- Andy Serkis comes out from behind Gollum and King Kong by Times Online
- xoanon (1 February 2001). "Andy Serkis Talks LOTR". TheOneRing.net. Retrieved 29 March 2010.
- Shoard, Catherine (16 March 2008). "Andy Serkis: Beastie boy". London: The Telegraph. Retrieved 22 October 2010.
- Nepales, Ruben V. (6 July 2007). "Only in Hollywood Andy Serkis: From Gollum, King Kong to Einstein". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 22 October 2010.
- James Mottram (7 December 2012). "Gollum's precious moments: Andy Serkis' unexpected journey from The Lord of the Rings to The Hobbit". The Independent. Retrieved 7 December 2012.
- Mike Larkin (6 August 2011). "Rise of the Planet of the Apes: How Andy Serkis brought a rebellious chimp to life | Mail Online". London: Dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
- Ken P. (27 January 2003). "An Interview with Andy Serkis – Movies Feature at IGN". Uk.movies.ign.com. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
- Ken P. (20 April 1964). "An Interview with Andy Serkis – Movies Feature at IGN". Uk.movies.ign.com. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
- Ken P. (20 April 1964). "An Interview with Andy Serkis – Movies Feature at IGN". Uk.movies.ign.com. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
- Oliver Poole 12:01AM GMT 10 Feb 2003 Comments (10 February 2003). "Can Gollum get the precious Oscar nod?". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
- Sunday Herald[dead link]
- Jay A. Fernandez, Borys Kit (27 January 2009). "Daniel Craig to star in "Tintin"". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on 31 January 2009. Retrieved 27 January 2009.[dead link]
- "Andy Serkis's interview at Den of Geek website". Denofgeek.com. 15 February 2008. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- "Official audio drama website". Screwtape.com. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- Submitted by DavidFullam on Thu, 01/21/2010–12:57 pm. (21 January 2010). "New Burke and Hare Casting News". Dreadcentral.com. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- "Andy Serkis Grabs a Banana and Becomes King of 'Planet of the Apes'". Bloody-disgusting.com. Archived from the original on 3 July 2010. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- Child, Ben (11 January 2011). "Sir Ian McKellen and Andy Serkis sign up for The Hobbit". Guardian (London). Archived from the original on 13 January 2011. Retrieved 11 January 2011.
- "Who We Are". Retrieved 5 October 2012.
- "Andy Serkis: from Gollum to studio boss". Financial Times. 20 October 2012. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
- "Andy Serkis family info". Ageofthering.com. 1 Mai 2011. Retrieved 1 Mai 2011.
- Moorhead, Joanna (13 December 2008). "My family values". The Guardian (London).
- Shoard, Catherine (16 March 2008). "Andy Serkis: Beastie Boy". The Daily Telegraph (UK). Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- Burke and Hare at the Internet Movie Database
- "IGN Summer Movie Award 2011 for Favorite Hero". IGN.
- "IGN Awards 2011". IGN.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Andy Serkis|
- Official homepage
- Andy Serkis at the Internet Movie Database
- Andy Serkis on Inkheart and Tintin at AMCtv.com
- Andy Serkis Interview
- The Jolly Boys Last Stand