Anel Viário José Magalhães Teixeira
The Anel Viário José Magalhães Teixeira (official designation SP-083) is the Campinas Beltway, a ring of high-speed highways surrounding the city of Campinas, in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. The Campinas Beltway is the Northern vertex of the Macrometropolitan Highway System of Greater São Paulo and one of the few complete metropolitan beltways in the country. It is an extensive structure, which directly interconnects 6 large double-lane highways to all quadrants of the state. Furthermore, it is superdimensioned, i.e., it has enough capacity to accommodate huge traffic loads without getting congested, even in peak hours.
The beltway itself is formed by a short (13 km) connection between the highways Rodovia Anhanguera and Rodovia Dom Pedro I, and those highways. They encircle the urban core of Campinas, with a total length of 42 km.
The highways directly connected to the Campinas hub are:
- SP-340: Rodovia Adhemar de Barros to Mogi Guaçu, Moji-Mirim, Aguaí, Casa Branca and Mococa.
- SP-330: Rodovia Anhanguera, from São Paulo City, Jundiaí, Louveira, Vinhedo and Valinhos to Sumaré, Americana, Limeira, Araras, Leme, Pirassununga, Porto Ferreira, Cravinhos, Ribeirão Preto, Orlândia, São Joaquim da Barra and Ituverava.
- SP-348: Rodovia dos Bandeirantes, from São Paulo City to Campinas and there to Hortolândia, Santa Bárbara d'Oeste and Cordeirópolis, connecting to Rodovia Washington Luís.
- SP-065: Rodovia Dom Pedro I to Valinhos, Itatiba, Atibaia, Nazaré Paulista and Jacareí, connecting to Rodovia Presidente Dutra.
- SP-075: Rodovia Santos Dumont to Indaiatuba, Salto, Itu and Sorocaba, connecting to Rodovia Castelo Branco and Rodovia Raposo Tavares.
- SP-332: Rodovia General Milton Tavares de Souza to Paulínia.
- SP-101: Rodovia Francisco Aguirre Proença to Hortolândia and Monte Mor and thence to Capivari and Rafard
Less than 60 km from the hub, other important highways can be reached via high speed double-lane accesses from Campinas:
- SP-306: Rodovia Luiz de Queiroz, to Piracicaba.
- SP-310: Rodovia Washington Luís, to Rio Claro, São Carlos, Araraquara, Catanduva, São José do Rio Preto and Mirassol, connecting to the Rodovia Transbrasiliana.
- BR-381: Rodovia Fernão Dias, to the state of Minas Gerais and Belo Horizonte.
Through São Paulo City, the Campinas Beltway connects to the Southern vertex of the Macrometropolitan Ring of Sâo Paulo, to highways Rodovia dos Imigrantes, Rodovia Anchieta and Rodovia Régis Bittencourt.
The greatest part of the Campinas Beltway runs inside the urban zone (i.e., there are several highly populated sections of the cities of Campinas and Valinhos on the outside of the ring), thus its traffic is quite high. The highways which are part of it are now for all practical purposes used like urban avenues, with dozens of points of entrance, bridgeworks, viaducts, vicinal roads and streets, etc. The segments which comprise the ring are not tolled, due to a prohibition by the municipality of Campinas.
The region surrounding the beltway has one of the highest rates of urban growth and development in the city. Many high-technology companies have established their factories and offices alongside the Ring's highways, such as Lucent and Samsung. The majority of the city's shopping malls are also located along the Ring, such as the Dom Pedro, Campinas Outlet, Galleria and Iguatemi malls. In addition, the Ring's Northern and Eastern sections have witnessed a large and fast growth of luxury horizontal condominia, such as Alphaville and Gramado.