Anelloviridae

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Anellovirus
Virus classification
Group: Group II (ssDNA)
Family: Anelloviridae
Genera

Alphatorquevirus
Betatorquevirus
Gammatorquevirus
Deltatorquevirus
Epsilontorquevirus
Etatorquevirus
Iotatorquevirus
Thetatorquevirus
Zetatorquevirus

The Anelloviridae are a recently discovered family of viruses . They are classified as a vertebrate viruses and have a non-enveloped capsid, which is round with isometric, icosahedral symmetry.

The type species is torque teno virus (genus Alphatorquevirus).[1]

Genome[edit]

The genome is not segmented and contains a single molecule of circular, negative-sense, single-stranded DNA. The complete genome is 3000–4000 nucleotides long.[2]

Clinical[edit]

Anellovirus species are highly prevalent and genetically diverse. They cause chronic human viral infections that have not yet been associated with disease.[3]

Three genera are associated with human infections: Torque teno virus (TTV), Torque teno midi virus (TTMDV) and Torque teno mini virus (TTMV).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vasilyev EV, Trofimov DY, Tonevitsky AG, Ilinsky VV, Korostin DO, Rebrikov DV (2009). "Torque Teno Virus (TTV) distribution in healthy Russian population". Virology Journal 6: 134. doi:10.1186/1743-422X-6-134. PMC 2745379. PMID 19735552. 
  2. ^ ICTVdB Management (2006). 00.107.0.01. Anellovirus. In: ICTVdB—The Universal Virus Database, version 4. Büchen-Osmond, C. (Ed), Columbia University, New York, USA
  3. ^ Bernardin F, Operskalski E, Busch M, Delwart E (May 2010). "Transfusion transmission of highly prevalent commensal human viruses". Transfusion 50 (11): 2474–2483. doi:10.1111/j.1537-2995.2010.02699.x. PMID 20497515. 

External links[edit]