Ang Trapaing Thmor

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Ang Trapaing Thmor Crane Sanctuary
Map showing the location of Ang Trapaing Thmor Crane Sanctuary
Map showing the location of Ang Trapaing Thmor Crane Sanctuary
Location Banteay Meanchey Province, Cambodia
Nearest city Sisophon
Coordinates 13°52′08″N 103°18′05″E / 13.86876567°N 103.30130525°E / 13.86876567; 103.30130525Coordinates: 13°52′08″N 103°18′05″E / 13.86876567°N 103.30130525°E / 13.86876567; 103.30130525[1]
Area 102.5 km2 (39.6 sq mi)[1]
Established January 1, 1999
Governing body Cambodian Ministry of Environment

The Ang Trapaing Thmor Crane Sanctuary is a protected area of Cambodia on the site of a large Khmer Rouge irrigation project built during the 1970s. The sanctuary was gazetted on 1 January 1999 and covers an area of 10,250 hectares.[2] The reserve was set aside to protect the rare Eastern sarus crane (Grus antigone sharpii). Prior to the discovery of the crane at Trapaing Thmor, there were thought to be fewer than 1,000 of the birds left alive in the world.[3]

Location and access[edit]

The crane sanctuary is located in north western Cambodia, not far from the border with Thailand. The entire 10,000 hectares of the protected area is contained within Phnom Srok District of Banteay Meanchey Province. Phnom Srok district shares a border with Siem Reap and Oddar Meanchey Provinces. Reading from the north clockwise, Phnom Srok borders with Banteay Ampil and Chong Kal districts of Oddar Meanchey province to the north. The eastern border of the district is shared with Srei Snam and Kralanh districts of Siem Reap province. To the south the district shares a border with Preah Net Preah District of Banteay Meanchey. The western border of the district joins with Svay Chek and Thmor Pouk districts also of Banteay Meanchey.[4] The sanctuary can be accessed by road from Sisophon (70 km) or Siem Reap (city) (90 km) via National Highway 6 initially then via smaller unsealed district roads to Ang Trapaing Thmor.[5]

History[edit]

The site of Ang Trapaing Thmor reservoir is also the site of an ancient Angkorian causeway.[6]

Sarus crane[edit]

The sarus crane, Grus antigone is an all-year resident breeding bird in northern Pakistan and India (especially Central India and the Gangetic plains), Nepal, Southeast Asia and Queensland, Australia. It is a very large crane, averaging 156 cm (5 ft) in length, which is found in freshwater marshes and plains.[7]

Other fauna[edit]

Ang Trapaing Thmor sanctuary is also an important conservation area for a number of other threatened species. One globally threatened primate species, the long tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis) is found within the sanctuary. One globally threatened ungulate species—the Eld's deer (Rucervus eldii)—and three globally threatened turtle species—the Asian box turtle (Cuora amboinensis), the Malayan snail-eating turtle (Malayemys subtrijuga)[contradiction], and the elongated tortoise (Indotestudo elongata)—are also found within Ang Trapaing Thmor.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Ang Trapeang Thmor Crane Sanctuary". WCMC. Retrieved 2009-08-30. 
  2. ^ "World Database on Protected Areas". World Commission on Protected Areas. Retrieved 2009-02-22. 
  3. ^ "Khmer Rouge dam refuge for endangered bird". ABC News. 25 May 1999. Retrieved 2009-02-22. 
  4. ^ "Banteay Meanchey Provincial Resources". Ministry of Commerce. Archived from the original on 5 January 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-15. [dead link]
  5. ^ Cambodia Road Network (Version 03-00 ed.). Ministry of Public Works and Transport. 2001. 
  6. ^ "Page 1 1 Commune Natural Resources Management Profile". Wildlife Conservation Society Cambodia. 2007. Retrieved 2009-03-01. 
  7. ^ "Sarus Crane - BirdLife Species Factsheet (Grus Antigone)". BirdLife International. 2008. Retrieved 2009-03-01. 
  8. ^ "Directory of Important Bird Areas - KH001 Ang Trapaing Thmor". Birdlife International. 2003. Archived from the original on 18 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-01.