Angamaly

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Angamaly
suburb[1]
അങ്കമാലി1.jpg
Angamaly is located in Kerala
Angamaly
Angamaly
Location in Kerala, India
Coordinates: 10°11′46″N 76°23′10″E / 10.196°N 76.386°E / 10.196; 76.386Coordinates: 10°11′46″N 76°23′10″E / 10.196°N 76.386°E / 10.196; 76.386
Country  India
State Kerala
District Ernakulam
City UA Kochi
Elevation 31 m (102 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 33,424
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 683572
Telephone code 0484
Vehicle registration KL-63
Sex ratio 0.9689 /

Angamaly (Malayalam: അങ്കമാലി, Aṅkamāli) is a municipality[1] in Ernakulam district in the state of Kerala, India, and a fast developing satellite town of Kochi. Situated 33 km north of Ernakulam, Angamaly is the northern gateway to the commercial capital of Kerala. The town lies at the intersection of Main Central road (MC Road) and National Highway 47. MC Road, which start from Thiruvananthapuram ends at Angamaly with NH 47.[3] Starting as a Panchayat in May 1952, Angamaly was raised to a municipality in April 1978 and is also a Legislative Assembly constituency in Ernakulam district.

Importance[edit]

It is one of the fastest growing towns in Kerala,[citation needed] thanks to the proximity of the international airport, railway station and two major roads passing through. Angamaly serves as an entry point for various places of interest in central Kerala, which include Kalady, Malayattoor, North Paravur etc. With many villages surrounding it, it has become a major commercial hub.[citation needed]

Angamaly is well connected by all means of transport. Kochi International Airport is in the vicinity of Angamaly. It is a matter of pride for the people of the Angamaly as certain regions in its jurisdiction are part of this project.[citation needed]

Angamaly railway station, where all major trains stop, serves as a major connectivity point for people from the eastern side of the district to the rest of the country. There is a proposed railway line from Angamaly to Sabarimala, which will connect the high-ranges with the low land. Work is in snail's pace due to various regional and political issues.

National Highway 47 connecting Kanyakumari to Salem passes through Angamaly. The NH 17 which connects Kochi and Mumbai is 20 kilometers from Angamaly. Main Central Road (M.C. Road) connecting Kerala capital serves as an important road connecting many towns in the eastern side of the state.

'Manjaly thodu' which flows through Angamaly was a major waterway and Angadikadavu near the old church was an important trade centre in the olden days where spices, rice, bamboo and other agriculture and hill products were sent to the old port of Muziris. Manjaly thodu is part of the new National Waterways programme and is getting developed.

Angamali is enriched with cultural and devotional centers. There are many old churches which are centuries old with well defined frescoes and other murals which are also famous for certain historical meetings and decisions that shaped the modern Christianity in the entire India. The new Catholic church built at the heart of the town is regarded as the biggest of its kind in India. Thirunayathodu temple, Krishnaswamy temple, Venguru temple, Kidangooru temple, Kothakulangara temple, Jain temple, Elavuru temple, Muzhikulam temple are all famous Hindu pilgrim centres near to Angamaly. There are famous hospitals, and educational institutions which are pride to the local population.

Angamaly has a state-owned industrial estate at its southern end which has numerous renowned factories. Kerala State Bamboo Corporation Ltd. has its headquarters at Angamaly. There are several small-scale cracker manufacturing units in the surrounding areas.

History[edit]

Although recorded history does not exist about the origins of Angamaly, legends and local folklore attribute the name Angamaly to the grounds where battles (Ankam in Malayalam language) were conducted at a myal (attributed as a plain ground). Hence a very old battle ground.

Several old coins and other artefacts found from the region tells this area was predominant with Buddhists and Jains in very old time. The 18 and a 1/2 viharas around Angamaly is a proof for this. Malayatoor which is famous Christian devotional centre is very near to Angamaly. It is said that St. Thomas, the Apostlate who was deputed to the region by Jesus Christ came via Angadikadavu in Angamaly using Manjali thodu to come from Kodungaloor port at AD 58. There are evidence for the churches in the locality built as early as AD 409 and AD 822.

Kalady, the birthplace of Adi Sri Sankara is only 7 kilometers from here, it is there the Sanskrit University situates.

Historians records that a massive flood around the 16th century AD made the Angamaly river to change the course forced itself to flow through Chalakudy area. Now the river is called Chalakudy river and is the fifth longest river in Kerala. Meanwhile the river in Angamaly became a lesser canal and there by got the name Manjaly thodu.

Places of interest[edit]

Kodanad – famous for its Elephant Training Center is 25 kilometers from Angamaly. Elephant ride as well as a mini zoo is part of this.

Malayatoor Church – St. Thomas is believed to have landed in Kerala at Kodungallur (Cranganore) in AD 52. It is believed that St. Thomas held prayer at this church when he landed in Kerala. Oral tradition says that while travelling through Malayattor, faced with hostile natives, he fled to the hilltop. The Christian pilgrim center has been designated by the Vatican as an International Shrine.

Mahagony thottam – very beautiful picnic spot in the banks of Periyar river is 27 km away.

Ezhattumugham, Kerala – another beautiful picnic spot is 8 km away

Kalady Adi Sankara Keerthisthambham, Sringeri Mutt complex and Crocodile Ghat are 8 km away.

St. George Basilica, Angamaly – The Catholic church was originally built in AD 450, was renovated to become the biggest of its kind in the South India.

Thirunayathode Sivanarayana Temple – Built by Cheraman Perumal Nayanar in AD 800's.

St. Mary's Jacobite Syrian Soonoro Cathedral – built in AD 409 have many ancient murals in its walls.

Kallil Temple is a revered Jain shrine established from the 9th century. Kallil literally meaning "in stone" is a temple located in a vast expanse of 28 acres. This rock cut temple can be reached after a short trek up 120 steps. The temple is managed presently by Chenkottukonam Sree Ramadasashramam. It was originally owned by the Kallil Pisharody family and hence name Kallil Devi temple. Dedicated to Durga Devi, the temple has a structure of Brahma carved at the peak of the rock. The triad of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva are all worshiped in this temple. This shrine also enshrines Jain deities namely Padmavati Devi (worshipped as Durga Devi by devotees), Parshvanath and Mahavira. It is believed that Kallil family had once followed Jainism. It is 26 km from Angamaly.

Industries[edit]

Transformers And Electricals Kerala Ltd.(TELK) is Located in Angamaly, producing and setting up High Voltage equipment in the region. Started off as a technical and financial collaboration between Govt. of Kerala and Hitachi of Japan, now it is a JV between Govt. of Kerala and NTPC Limited, TELK manufactures Extra High Voltage Power Transformers (up to 315 MVA, 420 kV) and other equipment (CT, PT, Bushings) up to 420 kV class.

The industrial estate is located in Angamaly South.

Politics[edit]

Angamaly assembly constituency is part of Chalakudy (Lok Sabha constituency).[2]

Location[edit]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[4] Angamaly had a population of 33,424. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. Angamaly has an average literacy rate of 84%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Education[edit]

The following are the main educational institutions located in Angamaly:

  • FISAT
  • SCMS
  • DIST
  • Morning Star Home Science College
  • Adam Public School(CBSE)
  • St. Joseph High School
  • Holy Family School
  • Viswajyothi Public School(CBSE)
  • St. Patrick's Academy(ICSE)
  • Don Bosco central School(ICSE)
  • Vidyadhiraja Vidyabhavan School(CBSE)
  • De Paul School
  • DE PAUL COLLEGE
  • M G M G Higher Secondary School NAYATHODE
  • Government Higher Secondary School Mookkannoor
  • Government Higher Secondary School Puliyanam[3]
  • JBS PRIMARY SCHOOL
  • Sacred Heart Public School Mookkannoor
  • Adi Shankara Institute of Engineering and Technology

Villages and local places in and around Angamaly[edit]

Olivemount

Ayyampuzha

Vengoor

Mattor

Thuravoor

Piraroor

Mookkannoor

Azhakam

Mangalapuram Sree Subrahmany Swamy Temple

Mangattukara

Kothakulangara

Karayamparambu

Angadikadavu

Palli Angadi

Thurappan Kunnu

Thurappan Kavala

Champannoor

Cheriya Vappalassery

Valiya Vappalassery

Kizhakke Angadi

Nayathode Kavala

Akaparambu

Thekke Kidangoor

Vadakke Kidangoor

Peechanickad

Elavoor

Vattaparambu

Karukutty

Puliyanam

Poothamkutty

Munnurpilly

Manjapra

Chulli

Njalukara

Kavaraparambu

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies". Kerala. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original on 30 October 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-19. 
  3. ^ http://ghsspuliyanam.org/