Ange Hyacinthe Maxence, baron de Damas

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Maxence de Damas, by Isabey

Ange Hyacinthe Maxence de Damas de Cormaillon, baron de Damas (Paris, 30 September 1785 – Paris, 6 May 1862), was a French general and Minister.

Early life[edit]

After his father Charles's death at Quiberon, Maxence de Damas, maternally a great-grandson of the Irish war hero General Sarsfield, was led by his uncle the Duke of Richelieu, who presented him to Czar Paul I to join the military cadet school in Saint Petersburg.

He began a distinguished military career in the service of Czar Alexander. He participated in the European campaigns against the armies of Napoleon and entered Paris. At the request of Louis XVIII, Maxence de Damas began a new military career in France.

Military and political career in France[edit]

He was appointed lieutenant general in 1815 and given command of the 8th division Marseille. After having pacified the South, he commanded the 9th Division in Spain, he received the surrender of Figuières. He was made a Peer of France in 1823.

He became Minister of War in 1823, designed the Act of 1824, which emphasized commitment to the number, competence through training and length of service. In 1824, the king asked him to replace François-René de Chateaubriand as Minister of Foreign Affairs. He managed to solve the crisis in Spain and Portugal, and Greece with the Ottoman Empire, and ordered an archaeological expedition on the Euphrates, which will update the City of Ur and the splendors of Khorsabad. He negotiated with the Republic of Santo Domingo for compensation of the French.

From 1828 he tutored the Duke of Bordeaux (future "Henry V"). After the July Revolution (1830), he accompanied the Dauphin and Charles X into exile.

By his marriage with Charlotte Laure de Hautefort, daughter of Julie Alix de Choiseul-Praslin, he became owner of the Château de Sainte-Suzanne (Mayenne) 10 May 1822; he sold the château on 30 December 1855.

Later life[edit]

The baron de Damas returned to France in 1833 and retired to his wife's castle, Hautefort. He began his ultimate career dedicated to social works, manager of the hospice Hautefort, creating the first local "social security", promoting agriculture through the introduction of a loan of honor, and writing his memoirs.

Baron de Damas (born in Paris September 30, 1785, died in Paris May 6, 1862, Lieutenant General in 1815, even of France in 1823, Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1824 to 1828, governor of the Duke of Bordeaux in 1828, an exile with Charles X in 1830, then retired to Hautefort in 1833, where he wrote his memoirs), and the body of his wife, born Sigismonde Charlotte Laure de Hautefort (born in Paris July 2, 1799, died September 10, 1847, daughter of Amédée Louis Frédéric, comte de Hautefort, and of Julie Alix de Choiseul-Praslin)

Works[edit]

  • Ange-Hyacinthe de Damas, Mémoires du baron de Damas (1785–1862), publiées par son petit-fils Comte de Damas, Paris, 1922 (réédition : Phénix Editions, 2005 ISBN 2-7458-1444-3)
  • Petr Zaborov, « "Ja Rossii i russkih ne zabyvaju" Dvadcat' pjat' pisem barona de Dama k semejstvu Oleninyh », dans Cahiers du monde russe, no 39/3 (1998)

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Claude Victor, duc de Bellune
Minister of War
19 October 1823 – 4 August 1824
Succeeded by
Aimé, duc de Clermont-Tonnerre
Preceded by
François-René de Chateaubriand
Minister of Foreign Affairs
4 August 1824 – 4 January 1828
Succeeded by
Auguste, comte de La Ferronays
This article incorporates information from the revision as of 2009-11-29 of the equivalent article on the French Wikipedia.