|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Gérard Faurie|
|• Land1||14.27 km2 (5.51 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||36/km2 (93/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||16012 / 16130|
|Elevation||17–83 m (56–272 ft)
(avg. 71 m or 233 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Angeacais or Angeacaises
- 1 Geography
- 2 Toponymy
- 3 History
- 4 Administration
- 5 Demography
- 6 Facilities, services, and local life
- 7 Sites and Monuments
- 8 See also
- 9 Notes and references
Location and access
The commune is located 10 km south of Cognac, 6 km west of Segonzac, and 3 km east of Salles-d'Angles. Angoulême, the prefecture of Charente, is 35 km to the east. Angeac is also 9 km north of Archiac, 12 km south-west of Jarnac, and 19 km north-west of Saint-Hilaire.
The commune does not lie on any main roads. The D731 road from Barbezieux to Cognac via Archiac, passes through the west of the commune. The village is served by the D150 from Germignac in the south-east and passes through the village before continuing north-east to join the D44 from Juillac-le-Coq to Roissac towards Cognac and Gensac-la-Pallue. A country road leads to the village of Salles-d'Angles and another to Genté in the north-west.
Hamlets and localities
There are many hamlets dotting the commune. In particular Roissac, located northeast of Angeac village, was an ancient parish, and the village is as important as Angeac.
The small village of Le Bois d'Angeac together with a small forest is located 1 km north-west of the village.
Apart from a few small patches of forest the commune is entirely farmland
Geology and relief
The commune is part of the Campanian (Late Cretaceous) chalky limestone area which occupies a large part of South Charente. There is also some Santonian rock on a small part of the northern border at Longées.
The Campanian cuesta passes through the commune. This escarpment starts in the west at Salles-d'Angles, passes the foot of the town of Genté, then runs through the whole department going east towards Bouteville, Jurignac, and Plassac-Rouffiac. In the commune the escarpment passes through the east as an inlier northeast of Roissac. It separates the north of the plain of Châteaubernard from Champagne to the south.
The highest point in the commune is at an altitude of 84 m located north-west of Roissac. Another high point of 83 m faces it to the east (topped by an IGN Survey marker). The lowest point is 17 m located in Pas de la Tombe on the south-west edge of the commune near Salles d'Angles. The commune mostly varies in height between 40 and 70 m above sea level.
The Ruisseau de la Motte, a small tributary of the Né River and thus a sub-tributary of the Charente, forms the commune boundary to the south. No other rivers pass through the commune but there are many pools in a valley west of the village and towards Roissac and some springs including the Three Stones east of Bois d'Angeac.
The climate is oceanic Aquitaine.
The word Angeac is derived from the Latin Andiacum or villa Andii meaning that the village was built around the property of a rich Gallo-Roman named Andius. The term Champagne was added to the name of the town in 1801 to distinguish it from its namesake Angeac-Charente. In Saintonge the term Champagne refers to a fertile plain of limestone. It is derived from the Latin campus meaning "field" or "plain".
The word Roissac is derived from the Latin Riatacum or villa Riatii meaning that the village was built around the property of a rich Gallo-Roman named Riatus.
Proto-historic circular Ditches exist in the areas of Penchant de Lorimont and Houme, with square and circular ones at a place called Les Chirons. Roman villas are said to be at Puits d'Angeac at Chabanne and there are some medieval remains at Branges.
The remains of a Gallo-Roman villa possibly dating to the first half of the 9th century were found in 1904. It was a residence of Louis the Pious. These remains have disappeared.
Angeac was first a dependency of the Templars then passed to the Marquisate of Archiac then often changed hands. In 1239 Roissac passed to the House of Angoulême then at Barbezieux. By marriage Roissac beacme allied with Salles-d'Angles and Genté. The rights to the marshes resulted in brawls and lawsuits with the Lordship of Gademoulin.
The commune of Angeac was created in 1793 when it belonged to the Canton of Salles in district of Cognac and the Charente department. In 1801 it took the name of Champagne and was attached to the Canton de Segonzac.
The Roissac railway station was served from 1910 to 1939 by the Chemins de fer économiques des Charentes (Cheap Trains of Charente) with a metre gauge line from Cognac to Barbezieux with 3 return trips a day at a speed of 20 km/h. This line also served stations at Cognac, Genté, Segonzac, Juillac-le-Coq, Saint-Fort-sur-le-Né, Archiac, and Barbezieux.
List of Successive Mayors
(Not all data is known)
In 2009 the commune had 510 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Distribution of Age Groups
Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Angeac-Champagne and Charente Department in 2009
|0 to 14 Years||21.4||16.9||17.3||15.5|
|15 to 29 Years||11.5||14.8||16.4||14.4|
|30 to 44 Years||20.2||21.5||19.2||18.5|
|45 to 59 Years||24.4||24.9||22.2||21.5|
|60 to 74 Years||13.7||11.8||15.8||16.2|
|75 to 89 Years||8.0||9.7||8.6||12.3|
- Evolution and Structure of the population of the Commune in 2009, INSEE.
- Evolution and Structure of the population of the Department in 2009, INSEE.
Facilities, services, and local life
Sites and Monuments
The parish church of Saint-Vivien was built in the 11th century and partly rebuilt in 1534 then repaired at the expense of the priest, Jean Marcus, in 1748 then finally vaulted in 1875 and restored in 1864. It is elongated like a ship and covered by a ribbed vault.
There is an underground refuge dating from antiquity for which a staircase has been identified but its location remains unknown.
The Logis d'Angeac is a manor that dates in part to the 16th century when René de la Tour bought it in 1657 the house was to the north. The outbuildings are dated 1733. Another house was built to the west and rebuilt in the 19th century with outbuildings to the south. The entrance gate bears the date 1882.
- Logis d'Angeac
The Manor of Lorimont which according to some scholars (including Martin Civat) already existed in the 16th century was rebuilt in the 19th century and bears the inscription "Made in 1831. Chaillou Paul".
Roissac Castle bears the date 1830 but it would be a castle built in the Middle Ages for the La Rochefoucauld family at the site of a Gallo-Roman villa. The present castle was built for the Beauchamp family around 1770 and the date 1830 with the initials I.P. corresponds to the remains of the outbuildings. There are decorations and, especially in the living room, wood paneling adorned with paintings of birds, flowers, fruit, landscapes, a scene with a sower, Moses and the Tablets of the Law. It was listed as a historical monument on 13 April 1989.
The town hall was built in 1897 and 1898 from the plans of the architect Lucien Roy from Cognac, by Locussol an entrepreneur also from Cognac.
Three farms dating from the 17th century, ten dating from the 18th century, and twenty-three from the 19th century have been identified. They include wells, outbuildings, laundries, and distilleries.
The memorial to the 1914-18 war dates to 1920.
- Communes of the Charente department
- Angeac-Champagne on the National Geographic Institute website (French)
- INSEE (French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Inhabitants of Charente (French)
- Orthodromic Distances prises from ACME Mapper (French)
- IGN map on Géoportail (French)
- Google Maps
- BRGM map on Géoportail (French)
- Infoterre Visualiser, BRGM website (French)
- Paper Notice for Cognac, BRGM, Infoterre website, 20 November 2011 (French)
- Jean-Marie Cassagne and Stéphane Seguin, Origins of the names of towns and villages of Charente, Jean-Michel Bordessoules, 1998, 311 pages, p. 14 and 229, ISBN 2-913471-06-4 (French)
- Christian Vernou, The Charente, Maison des Sciences de l'Homme, Paris, coll. "Archeological Map of Gaul", 1993, 253 p. (ISBN 2-87754-025-1), p. 200-201 (French)
- List of Mayors of France
- Academic Inspection of Charente website (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00041979 Subterranean refuge (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042032 Roissac Spring (French)
- Angeac-Champagne, French Ministry of Culture] (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00041977 Logis d'Angeac (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00041992 Lorimont (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00042033 Roissac Castle (notice) (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PA00104551 Roissac Castle (French)
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