Angeja

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Coordinates: 40°40′47″N 8°33′25″W / 40.67972°N 8.55694°W / 40.67972; -8.55694
Angeja
Civil Parish (Freguesia)
Flag
Coat of arms
Official name: Freguesia de Angeja
Country  Portugal
Region Centro
Subregion Baixa Vouga
District Aveiro
Municipality Albergaria-a-Velha
Localities Angeja, Fontão
Center Angeja
 - elevation 23 m (75 ft)
 - coordinates 40°40′47″N 8°33′25″W / 40.67972°N 8.55694°W / 40.67972; -8.55694
Lowest point
 - location Vouga River, Angeja, Albergaria-a-Velha
 - elevation 3 m (10 ft)
 - coordinates 40°41′30″N 8°35′14″W / 40.69167°N 8.58722°W / 40.69167; -8.58722
Length 11.59 km (7 mi), Northwest-Southeast
Width 4.91 km (3 mi), Southwest-Northeast
Area 21.25 km2 (8 sq mi)
Population 2,320 (2001)
Density 109.17 / km2 (283 / sq mi)
Settlement fl. 1500
 - Municipality c. 1514
 - Parish c. 1660
 - Civil Parish c. 1853
 - Vila/Town 20 June 1991
LAU Freguesia/Junta Freguesia
 - location Praça da República, Angeja, Albergaria-a-Velha
President Junta António Nunes de Almeida
President Assembleia Adolfo Alves Tavares
Timezone WET (UTC0)
 - summer (DST) WEST (UTC+1)
ISO 3166-2 code PT-
Postal Zone 3850-443 Angeja
Area Code & Prefix (+351) 234 XXX-XXXX
Patron Saint Nossa Senhora das Neves
Parish Address Praça da República
3850-443 Angeja
Website: http://www.jf-angeja.pt/
Statistics from INE (2001); geographic detail from Instituto Geográfico Português (2010)

Angeja is a civil parish in the municipality of Albergaria-a-Velha, with an area of 21.25 km² and population of 2320 inhabitants (2001): approximately 109 inhabitants per km².

History[edit]

Between 1514 and 1853 Angeja was an independent municipality, that included one parish and a population of 1740 inhabitants (1801). During the Liberal Constitution, the reorganization of the civil government and administration had resulted in annexation of several other parishes: Canelas, Fermelã and Frossos. In 1849 its population had surpassed 5124 inhabitants

By 1853 Angeja was the municipal seat, but this lasted until the end of the year, when the municipality became extinct and integrated into the much larger municipality of Albergaria-a-Velha.

Pressure from the local population and a petition motivated the Assembly of the Republic to elevate Angeja to the status of vila (comparable to a town) on 20 June 1991.

Geography[edit]

Located eight kilometres from the municipal seat, Angeja is also 10 kilometres from the district capital, Aveiro. It is bounded in the north by the parish of Fermelâ, the municipalities of Estarreja and Murtosa, to the west by the parish of Cacia in the municipality of Aveiro, the east by the parish of Albergaria-a-Velha, and to the south the parish of Frossos. The narrow administrative boundary crosses diagonally from northwest to southeast on the eastern border of Albergaria-a-Velha, following portions of the Vouga River (southwest) and Aveiro River (northwest). The communities of Angeja and Fontão occupy the southeast corner of the parish, with smaller settlement of Fontão nestled within a river valley closer to the parish border with Albergaria-a-Velha.

Economy[edit]

The parish follows the Vouga River valley, its residents concentrated along the margins and occupied with agriculture. The waters of the Vouga also allows the existence of an active fishing industry, especially after industrial effluentes were redirected, that includes species of threadfin, carp, eel, ray-fins and lampreys.