Angel, London

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 51°31′56″N 0°06′24″W / 51.5321°N 0.1066°W / 51.5321; -0.1066

Angel
Islington n1 centre.jpg
Angel Wings sculpture by Wolfgang and Heron
Angel is located in Greater London
Angel
Angel
 Angel shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ315845
    - Charing Cross 2 mi (3.2 km)  SSW
London borough Islington
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district N1
Postcode district EC1
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Islington South and Finsbury
London Assembly North East
List of places
UK
England
London

Angel is an area on the northern fringe of Central London. It is located 2 miles (3.2 km) north-northeast of Charing Cross on the Inner Ring Road at a busy transport intersection. The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in London. It is a significant commercial and retail centre, and a business improvement district. Angel straddles the ancient boundary of the parishes of Clerkenwell and Islington that later became the metropolitan boroughs of Finsbury and Islington. It is named from the former Angel Inn which stood on the corner of Islington High Street and Pentonville Road. Since 1965 the whole area has formed part of the London Borough of Islington in Greater London.

History[edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The area is named after the Angel Inn, which existed from the 17th century.[1]

Local government[edit]

The boundary of the ancient parishes of Clerkenwell and Islington cut through the area. The southern part of Liverpool Road and the western side of Islington High Street, including the Angel Inn were in the parish of Clerkenwell.[2] Despite this, both parts were considered to form part of the town of Islington. There is a traditional story that a pauper died in Islington and had to be taken to Clerkenwell for burial, which caused the land to be forfeited.[3] The parishes were located outside the City of London. As they became populated suburbs of the city this was reflected in the addition of Clerkenwell in 1604 and Islington in 1636 to the bills of mortality weekly statistical returns.[4] The parishes were governed by vestries and were subject to the Middlesex Quarter Sessions. In 1855 the area became part of the district of the Metropolitan Board of Works and the parish vestries were incorporated as local authorities. In 1889 the parishes were transferred from the County of Middlesex to the County of London. Clerkenwell became part of the Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury and Islington became the Metropolitan Borough of Islington in 1900. The two boroughs were combined in 1965 as the London Borough of Islington in Greater London.

Governance[edit]

Angel is part of the United Kingdom Parliament constituency of Islington South and Finsbury.

Geography[edit]

Angel is located 2 miles (3.2 km) north-northeast of Charing Cross on the Inner Ring Road at the northern edge of Central London. The area defined by Islington London Borough Council as the Angel town centre stretches from Islington Green in the north and includes the southern parts of Liverpool Road and Upper Street. In the west it extends to include Chapel Market. South of the Angel intersection it includes the northern part of St John Street. Chapel Market forms a conservation area and the lower portion of Upper Street forms the Angel conservation area.[5] North of Angel is Islington, west is Pentonville, south is Clerkenwell and east is St Luke's.

Economy[edit]

Angel is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London.[6] It is a business improvement district, categorised as 'high street and town centre', known as Angel AIM.[7] The main economic activity of the area is retail. Secondary to this are the evening economy, leisure and education. The N1 Centre, a mixture of shops, leisure and entertainment facilities including a cinema and the O2 Academy Islington nightclub, and the City and Islington College are large examples of these categories.[5]

Transport[edit]

Towards the south of the area is the busy Angel intersection, a road junction between the Inner Ring Road consisting of Pentonville Road to the west and City Road to the east, Islington High Street to the north, Goswell Road to the southeast and St John Street to the south. On the corner of City Road and Islington High Street is Angel tube station on the Northern line of the London Underground. The Islington Tunnel of the Regent's Canal is runs underneath the area from east to west.

References[edit]