Angel tube station

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Angel
London Underground
Angel station entrance.JPG
Entrance on Islington High Street
Angel is located in Central London
Angel
Angel
Location of Angel in Central London
Location Angel
Local authority London Borough of Islington
Managed by London Underground
Number of platforms 2
Fare zone 1
London Underground annual entry and exit
2008 Increase 17.820 million[1]
2009 Increase 18.052 million[2]
2010 Decrease 17.820 million[3]
2011 Decrease 17.780 million[4]
Key dates
1901 (1901) Opened
Other information
Lists of stations
Portal icon London Transport portalCoordinates: 51°31′55″N 0°06′22″W / 51.532°N 0.106°W / 51.532; -0.106

Angel tube station is a London Underground station in Angel, Islington. It is on the Bank branch of the Northern Line, between Old Street and King's Cross St. Pancras stations. It is in Travelcard Zone 1. The tube stop serves as a portal to several Off West End, or fringe theatre, venues, including Old Red Lion Theatre, The King's Head Theatre and Almeida Theatre. It is also the station for Chapel Market, a London street market. Between Angel and Old Street stations is the disused City Road station.

History[edit]

Angel station was originally built by the City & South London Railway, and opened in 1901 as the northern terminus of a new extension from Moorgate. It is one of five stations on the London Underground named after a public house – in this case the once-famous Angel inn, which dates back to at least 1638. (The others are Elephant & Castle, Manor House, Royal Oak and Swiss Cottage.) As with many other stations on the line, it was originally built with a single central island platform serving two tracks – an arrangement still seen at Clapham North and Clapham Common – and access from street level was via lifts. The most recent lifts were of the Otis "drum hoist" design used throughout the rest of the tube system, but were of about half the usual size.

For years, the station regularly suffered from overcrowding and had a very narrow island platform (barely 12 feet (3.7 m) in width), which constituted a major safety issue and resulted in justified fear in passengers.[5] Consequently, the station was comprehensively rebuilt, reopening in 1992.

The extra wide southbound platform in the tunnel originally shared by both tracks. The narrowness of the original island platform can be imagined by inserting the "missing" track against the right wall of the tunnel

A new section of tunnel was excavated for a new northbound platform and the southbound platform was rebuilt to completely occupy the original 30-foot tunnel, leaving it wider than most deep-level platforms on the system. The lifts and the ground level building originally on the corner of Torrens Street and City Road were closed and a new station entrance was opened around the corner in Islington High Street. Because of the distance of the new entrance from the platforms, and their depth, two flights of escalators were required, aligned approximately at a right angle.

Escalators[edit]

Angel station has the third-longest set of escalators in Western Europe (after Västra skogen in the Stockholm Metro at 220 feet (67 m) and Kamppi station in the Helsinki Metro at 210 feet (64 m)), with a vertical rise of 90 feet (27 m) and a length of 197 feet (60 m).

Future[edit]

Angel is a proposed station on the Chelsea-Hackney line project. It would be between King's Cross St Pancras and Essex Road. It was officially safeguarded as part of the route in 2007 although there had been proposals for such a route for some time previously; when the station was rebuilt, a mid-level concourse was built for this reason, rather than having the escalators descend directly to the platform level.[6][7] This would provide an interchange between the two London Underground lines.

Transports links[edit]

London Bus routes 4, 19, 30, 38, 43, 56, 73, 153, 205, 214, 274, 341, 394, 476 and Night routes N19, N38, N41, N73 and N205.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2008". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  2. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2009". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  3. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2010". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  4. ^ "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. 2013. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  5. ^ Molly Dineen (producer-director) (1989-11-23). "The Heart of the Angel". Forty Minutes. BBC2.
  6. ^ Crossrail 2
  7. ^ http://www.crossrail.co.uk/80256B090053AF4C/Files/chelsea-hackneyline/$FILE/chelsea+hackney+line+safeguarding+leaflet+february+2008.pdf

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Northern line
Bank branch
towards Morden (via Bank)
    Former route (1901-1922)    
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Northern line
Bank branch
towards Morden (via Bank)
    Future Development    
Preceding station   Crossrail roundel.svg National Rail logo.svg Crossrail   Following station
Crossrail
Line 2
Crossrail
Line 2
towards Hertford East