Angel tube station

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Angel London Underground
Angel station entrance.JPG
Entrance on Islington High Street
Angel is located in Central London
Angel
Angel
Location of Angel in Central London
Location Angel
Local authority London Borough of Islington
Managed by London Underground
Number of platforms 2
Fare zone 1
London Underground annual entry and exit
2010 Decrease 17.82 million[1]
2011 Decrease 17.78 million[2]
2012 Increase 18.58 million[2]
2013 Increase 18.93 million[2]
Key dates
1901 (1901) Opened
Other information
Lists of stations
Portal icon London Transport portalCoordinates: 51°31′55″N 0°06′22″W / 51.532°N 0.106°W / 51.532; -0.106

Angel tube station is a London Underground station in Angel, Islington. It is on the Bank branch of the Northern line, between Old Street and King's Cross St. Pancras stations. It is in Travelcard Zone 1. Located in Islington High Street, the station serves as a portal to several Off West End, or fringe theatre, venues, including Old Red Lion Theatre, The King's Head Theatre and Almeida Theatre. It is also the station for Chapel Market, a London street market, and the antiques market and dealers of Camden Passage. Between Angel and Old Street stations is the disused City Road station.

History[edit]

Angel station was originally built by the City & South London Railway (C&SLR), and opened on 17 November 1901 as the northern terminus of a new extension from Moorgate.[3] The station building was designed by Sydney Smith and was located on the corner of City Road and Torrens Street.[4] On 12 May 1907, the C&SLR opened a further extension from Angel to Euston and Angel became a through station.[3][note 1]

The extra-wide southbound platform occupies the whole of the original station tunnel

As with many of the C&SLR's stations, it was originally built with a single central island platform serving two tracks in a single tunnel – an arrangement still seen at Clapham North and Clapham Common – with access from street level was via three Euston Anderson electric lifts. When the C&SLR line was closed for tunnel reconstruction in the early 1920s to accommodate larger trains, the station façade was reclad with a tiling and the lifts were replaced by new ones from Otis.[4]

For years, the station regularly suffered from overcrowding and had a very narrow island platform (barely 12 feet (3.7 m) in width), which constituted a major safety issue and resulted in justified fear in passengers.[5] Consequently, the station was comprehensively rebuilt in the early 1990s. A new section of tunnel was excavated for a new northbound platform and the southbound platform was rebuilt to completely occupy the original 30-foot tunnel, leaving it wider than most deep-level platforms on the system. The lifts and the ground level building were closed and a new station entrance was opened on 17 September 1992 around the corner in Islington High Street. Because of the distance of the new entrance from the platforms, and their depth, two flights of escalators were required, aligned approximately at a right angle.[6]

Escalators[edit]

The longest escalators on the Underground

With a vertical rise of 90 feet (27 m) and a length of 197 feet (60 m), Angel station has the longest escalators on the Underground,[6] and the third-longest set of escalators in Western Europe (after Västra skogen in the Stockholm Metro at 220 feet (67 m) and Kamppi station in the Helsinki Metro at 210 feet (64 m)).

Future[edit]

Angel is a proposed station on the Crossrail 2 project. Depending on the route constructed, it would be between King's Cross St Pancras and Dalston Junction or Hackney Central.[7] It was officially safeguarded as part of the route in 2007, although there had been proposals for a route for some time previously and safeguarding had been in place since 1991.[8] This would provide an interchange between a London Underground line and a Crossrail line.

Connections[edit]

London Buses routes 4; 19; 30; 38; 43; 56; 73; 153; 205; 214; 274; 341; 394; 476 and night routes N19; N38; N41; N73 and N205 serve the station.

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Angel is one of five stations on the London Underground named after a public house – in this case the once-famous Angel inn, which dates back to at least 1638. The others are Elephant & Castle, Manor House, Royal Oak and Swiss Cottage.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2010". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 
  3. ^ a b Rose 1999.
  4. ^ a b Connor 2006, p. 124.
  5. ^ Molly Dineen (producer-director) (23 November 1989). "The Heart of the Angel". Forty Minutes. BBC2.
  6. ^ a b Day & Reed 2010, p. 197.
  7. ^ "The Route". Crossrail 2. Retrieved 20 July 2014. 
  8. ^ "Chelsea Hackney line". Crossrail. Retrieved 20 July 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Rose, Douglas (1999) [1980]. The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History (7th ed.). Douglas Rose/Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-219-4. 
  • Connor, J.E. (2006) [1999]. London's Disused Underground Stations (2nd ed.). Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-250-X. 
  • Day, John R; Reed, John (2010) [1963]. The Story of London's Underground (11th ed.). Capital Transport. ISBN 978-1-85414-341-9. 

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Northern line
Bank branch
towards Morden (via Bank)
  Former route (1901-1922)  
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Northern line
Bank branch
towards Morden (via Bank)
  Future Development  
Preceding station   Crossrail roundel.svg National Rail logo.svg Crossrail   Following station
Crossrail
Line 2
towards Hertford East