|Angela B. Corey|
|State Attorney for the Fourth Judicial Circuit|
|Preceded by||Harry Shorstein|
October 31, 1954 |
Jacksonville, Florida, U.S.
|Residence||Jacksonville, Florida, U.S.|
|Alma mater||Florida State University
University of Florida
Angela B. Corey (born October 31, 1954) is an American attorney currently serving as the State Attorney in Florida's Fourth Judicial Circuit Court, which includes Duval, Nassau and Clay counties--including Jacksonville and the core of its metropolitan area. The first woman to hold the position, she was elected in 2008. On March 22, 2012, Florida Governor Rick Scott announced that she would be the newly assigned State Attorney investigating the shooting death of Trayvon Martin, replacing State Attorney Norm Wolfinger.
Early life and education
The granddaughter of Syrian immigrants, Corey was born and raised in Jacksonville, Florida, where she attended Englewood High School. Her parents are Tom Corey Jr. and Lorraine (Lewis) Corey. Her father's family owned the Corey Supermarket in Jacksonville, and her father became an executive at JEA in Jacksonville. After graduation, she majored in marketing at Florida State University before she decided to try a legal career. After receiving her Juris Doctor degree at the University of Florida's Levin College of Law, she did legal research while preparing for the Florida bar examination, then spent 18 months with Howell & Howell, PA (trial attorneys). She later became board certified in criminal trial law.
Corey was hired by Ed Austin in 1981 during his tenure as State Attorney from 1975 to 1991, and remained an Assistant State Attorney after Harry Shorstein was appointed by Governor Lawton Chiles in 1991. During her 26 years as a prosecutor, she tried several hundred cases, which included 54 homicides.
In 1996, her primary responsibility became homicide prosecutions, but she also supervised lawyers in the Felony division. Shorstein changed Corey's work assignment in 2005 from director of the Gun Crime Unit to director of the County Court, which handles misdemeanors. In that position, she trained newly hired lawyers to be prosecutors. She previously served as Juvenile division supervisor.
Corey made the decision to run for the office of State Attorney in 2006. After her candidacy became known, her working relationship with Shorstein became difficult. He terminated her employment in November 2006. Afterwards, she was hired by John Tanner, State Attorney for the Seventh Judicial Circuit, to perform the same job functions she did in Jacksonville, working homicide cases in St. Johns County.
The following day, Shorstein called a news conference and announced that he would retire at the end of his current term and not run for re-election in 2008. In the following election, Shorstein supported his chief assistant, Jay Plotkin. On August 26, 2008, Corey defeated Plotkin with more than 64% of the votes cast.
Upon taking office, Corey terminated 10 assistant state attorneys, as well as "half of the office’s investigators, two-fifths of its victim advocates, a quarter of its 35 paralegals, and 48 other support staff — more than one-fifth of the office." In 2010, the Florida Times-Union reported that Corey sent 230 juvenile felony cases to adult court in 2009. This amounted to twice the number of juvenile felony cases placed in adult court in the years prior to Corey becoming State Attorney.
Cristian Fernandez case
In 2011 Corey's office oversaw a case in which 12-year-old Cristian Fernandez was accused of killing his two-year-old brother. Corey sought and received a grand jury indictment of Fernandez on charges of homicide and aggravated child abuse, and decided to try him as an adult. This move, which made Fernandez the youngest person ever to face a murder charge in Jacksonville's history, drew criticism and protests to send the case to juvenile court instead, but Corey held that the juvenile system was inadequate to handle a crime of this magnitude. Corey stated she did not intend for Fernandez to stand trial or serve a life sentence, but would rather accept a plea deal. Fernandez pleaded guilty to manslaughter in February 2013 and was sentenced to detention in a juvenile facility until his 19th birthday. Fernandez, however, "wound up locked in solitary confinement in an adult jail prior to his court date." When Ron Littlepage of the Florida Times-Union wrote a column criticizing her handling of the case, Corey “fired off a two-page, single-spaced letter on official state-attorney letterhead hinting at lawsuits for libel.”
George Zimmerman case
On March 22, 2012, Florida governor Rick Scott appointed Angela Corey as Special Prosecutor to investigate the killing of Trayvon Martin by George Zimmerman. On the evening of February 26, 2012 in Sanford, Florida, George Zimmerman, a 28 year-old neighborhood watch volunteer armed with a 9mm Kel-Tec pistol, shot to death Trayvon Martin, an unarmed 17 year-old, in a gated community. A few hours after the killing, the Sanford Police Department determined that there was no "probable cause" to arrest George Zimmerman, who claimed that he acted in self-defense. Martin was returning to the home of his father's fiancee after purchasing a can of iced tea and a bag of Skittles candy at a local convenience store. Zimmerman told police that Martin was the aggressor and photos of Zimmerman the night of the incident show him with a bloodied, broken nose and other injuries.
The decision by Sanford Police Chief Bill Lee and Seminole County State Attorney Norm Wolfinger not to arrest and charge Zimmerman with a crime triggered outrage fueled by social media including a petition on Change.org calling for his prosecution which garnered over 2.2 million signatures, the largest in Change.org's history. Following growing protests, including some 30,000 people in Sanford, Florida alone, as well as media coverage and engagement of the FBI, both police chief Bill Lee and state attorney Norm Wolfinger resigned from the investigation and state attorney Angela Corey took over. The case has fueled a national debate over racial profiling, gun control, institutional racism in law enforcement agencies, and the role of ALEC (American Legislative Exchange Council) in pushing for pro-gun laws like Florida's "Stand Your Ground" bill.
On April 11, 2012, Corey charged George Zimmerman with murder in the second degree. Corey held a globally broadcast press conference to explain her decision. She stated, "I can tell you we did not come to this decision lightly. This case is like a lot of the difficult cases we have handled for years here in our circuit. And we made this decision in the same manner. Let me emphasize that we do not prosecute by public pressure or by petition. We prosecute based on the facts of any given case, as well as the laws of the state of Florida." When asked by a reporter about the issue of race and justice in the case, Corey stated, "Those of us in law enforcement are committed to justice for every race, every gender, every person, of any persuasion whatsoever. They are our victims. We only know one category as prosecutors, and that’s a V. It's not a B, it’s not a W, it’s not an H. It’s V, for 'victim'. That’s who we work tirelessly for."
Corey's decision to charge Zimmerman was praised by supporters of the Justice for Trayvon movement across the country. Natalie Jackson, a Martin family attorney, stated, "It's actually a very brave charge of Angela Corey, and it really shows that she conducted an independent, impartial and fair investigation in this case... She could have easily charged this as a manslaughter, to try to appease everyone, and she didn't. She did what prosecutors do. She charged it to the hilt". On the other hand, Corey was criticized as "irresponsible and reckless" by Alan Dershowitz, a Harvard legal scholar and attorney who served on O.J. Simpson's defense team, for filing a probable cause affidavit that he claims was too thin for a 2nd-degree murder charge; Dershowitz predicted that it would be thrown out by a judge.
On April 12, 2012, Seminole County Judge Mark Herr found the affidavit legally sufficient to establish probable cause and ordered Zimmerman to appear for his arraignment on May 29, 2012. CNN legal analyst Sunny Hostin stated, "I suspect that there is some evidence we just don't know about, because no prosecutor in a high-profile case wants to walk into court and not be able to prove each and every count beyond a reasonable doubt".
Some critics, including Dershowitz, believe that Corey, an elected official, treated her press conference as a sort of campaigning opportunity. A Reuters article also indicates that some of Zimmerman's neighbors who claimed they saw signs of injury on Zimmerman the day after the shooting "said they spoke to Sanford police and the FBI in their investigations but did not recall speaking to the office of special prosecutor Angela Corey". On the other hand, US attorney and legal analyst Kendall Coffey referred to Corey's presentation as "masterful" and that she made "a very compelling statement about her commitment to victims... So, if you were scoring that press conference, I give it an A plus".
Dershowitz has called for Corey to be disbarred. In response to his harsh criticism, Dershowitz claims Corey called Harvard Law School and, "threatened to sue the institution, get me disciplined by the Bar, and made accusations of libel and slander".
The same day that the George Zimmerman trial was sent to the jury, Corey fired Ben Kruidbos, the information technology director for the State Attorney's office. The former IT director claimed he was concerned the office did not turn over all discovery to the defense. According to a hearing during the trial, the defense had the discovery items.
On July 13, 2013, the 6 women jury acquitted Zimmerman of Second-Degree murder and the lesser included offense of Manslaughter.
Marissa Alexander case
In May 2012, Corey prosecuted 31-year-old Marissa Alexander for Aggravated Assault with a Deadly Weapon and obtained a mandatory minimum sentence of 20 years in prison, which generated controversy in the midst of the Trayvon Martin case. Alexander argued that she fired a warning shot after being threatened by her husband Rico Gray.
She and Gray engaged in an argument in the master bathroom. Gray returned to the kitchen where his children were eating breakfast. Alexander went into Gray's garage, where her car was parked. From the Duval County, Florida, court document:
- "The Defendant then retrieved the firearm from the glove box of the vehicle. The Defendant then returned to the kitchen with the firearm in her hand and pointed it in the direction of all three Victims. [Grey] put his hands in the air. Defendant shot at [Grey], nearly missing his head."
Alexander's shot hit the wall and deflected into the ceiling, injuring no one. Alexander, who had no previous criminal record or arrests, attempted a Stand Your Ground defense prior to trial but was unsuccessful. State Attorney Corey met with the defendant and offered her a three year plea deal. Alexander rejected the offer and took her case to trial. A jury convicted her in twelve minutes and, because of the Florida 10-20-Life mandatory minimum statute, she was sentenced to a 20 years in prison. Corey has been criticized for her handling of the case by Florida Congresswoman, Corrine Brown, who argued that Corey overcharged Alexander and the result of Alexander's case was a consequence of institutional racism. Rev. Jesse Jackson, anti-domestic violence advocates, civil rights groups, and others have also supported the call for Alexander's release from prison. On September 26, 2013, an appellate court ordered a new trial, finding that the jury instructions in Alexander's trial impermissibly shifted the burden of proof from the prosecution to the defense. Alexander was released on bail on November 27, 2013 and required to stay under house arrest. Angela Corey is now seeking to put Marissa in prison for 60 years rather than the original 20. The National Organization for Women called for Corey to resign over the case, claiming Corey is "misusing her office and endangering domestic violence survivors".
Ronald Thompson case
In 2009, Ronald Thompson, a 65-year old army veteran fired two shots into the ground to scare off teenagers who were demanding entry into his friend's house in Keystone Heights, Florida. Corey prosecuted Thompson for aggravated assault, and after he refused a plea agreement with a three-year prison sentence, won a conviction that would carry a mandatory 20-year sentence under Florida's 10-20-Life statute. The trial judge, Fourth Circuit Judge John Skinner called the 20-year sentence "a crime in itself" and declared the 10-20-Life statute unconstitutional. Skinner gave Thompson three years instead.
Corey appealed the 3-year sentence and won, sending Thompson to prison for 20 years.
In June 2012, Fourth Circuit Judge Don Lester granted Thompson a new trial, ruling that the jury instructions had been flawed in his original trial regarding the justifiable use of deadly or non-deadly force given the circumstances of the case. While awaiting his new trial, Mr. Thompson was offered a plea deal for five years in prison with credit for time served. He reported back to prison on October 31, 2013, where he is serving the remaining two years.
Michael Dunn case
In 2014, Corey prosecuted Michael David Dunn on five counts in a criminal case widely covered by the media and dubbed by CNN and other media as the "loud-music trial."  Dunn was charged with the first-degree murder of 17-year-old Jordan Davis, three counts for the attempted second-degree murders of Davis' three friends, and shooting into or toward the Dodge Durango they occupied.
The case stemmed from a fatal confrontation at a gas station in Jacksonville on November 23, 2012, in which Dunn approached the Durango to request that the occupants lower the volume of the loud music (that he called "rap crap") they were listening to. At trial, Dunn claimed that Davis pointed a weapon toward him, though no evidence of any weapon was found. He claimed he felt his life was in danger and therefore defended himself using a personal gun stored in his car. In three separate volleys, he shot a total of ten bullets into the Durango while it was parked and then toward it as it fled. Davis died during the confrontation.
On February 15, 2014, jurors found Dunn guilty on three counts of attempted second-degree murder and one count of firing at a vehicle. They deadlocked on the first-degree murder charge. Judge Russell Healey declared a mistrial on that count. Corey later said in a press conference that "Justice for Jordan Davis is as important as it is for any victim" and prosecutors would press for a new trial in Duval County on the murder charge.
Since the 1990s, Corey has taught legal concepts at a number of schools, including the University of North Florida, Florida State College at Jacksonville and the Florida Police Corps. Topics range from interrogation techniques to search and seizure to courtroom demeanor. Due to her extensive homicide experience, she receives training requests from law enforcement agencies all over the United States.
Corey is an active member of the Republican Party of Duval County and the Republican Women’s Club of Duval Federated. She served on the Transition Teams for both Governor Rick Scott and Attorney General Pam Bondi. Bondi endorsed Corey for State Attorney and said Corey's leadership and friendship led her to where she is today. Bondi subsequently worked with Governor Scott to appoint Corey as Special Prosecutor on the Trayvon Martin case.
In 2006, while serving as an Assistant State Attorney, Corey was fired by State Attorney Harry Shorstein, who cited "long-term issues" in her supervisory performance. Corey alleges the dismissal was due to her decision to campaign against Shorstein's preferred successor in the election for State Attorney. Following her eventual electoral victory to replace the retiring Shorstein, Corey dismissed more than 20-percent of the employees in the Attorney's Office, a move Shorstein described as "a bloodbath." The feud between Corey and Shorstein continued to capture headlines during Corey's first year in office after the Florida Times-Union, citing inter-office emails, reported Corey's chief assistant had instructed employees to avoid conversations with Shorstein because they might appear disloyal to Corey.
In 2012, after Corey directed prosecutors to seek to try 12 year-old Cristian Fernandez as an adult, a petition on change.org calling on Corey to reconsider received 185,000 signatures.
During the trial of George Zimmerman, Alan Dershowitz accused Corey of calling Harvard Law School and engaging in a "40-minute rant" in which she "threatened to sue Harvard." The purported rant followed a criticism by Dershowitz - who held a teaching position at Harvard - of Corey, who he accused of filing a misleading affidavit in the Zimmerman case. Following the trial Professor Dershowitz said she should be disbarred for multiple violations including filing a false or misleading affidavit. However, the Probable Cause affidavit was reviewed and approved by two judges. Then, the presiding trial judge denied two Judgment of Acquittals, which would have cleared Zimmerman, and instead sent the case to a jury.
In early 2013 Corey came under scrutiny after a report emerged she had directed $108,439 to be allocated for an upgrade of her pension. Corey explained the move as a necessity since her predecessor, Harry Shorstein, chose not to enhance pension benefits for the State Attorney. The upgrade was due to a deficit created by the Legislature when it changed the percentage rate earned each year on pensions. Corey upgraded the pensions for more than a dozen prosecutors who were eligible. The Legislature amended the statute regarding the issue in 2001. The pension upgrades were approved by the State of Florida.
The Florida Council on Crime and Delinquency gave her their Criminal Justice Distinguished Award; the Florida Department of Corrections honored her as a Role Model for Women in the Area of Criminal Justice award; the Mayor's Victim Assistance Advisory Council bestowed the Judicial Victim Advocate Award; and Corey received the Distinguished Service Award from the office where she's now the boss.
- Angela Corey First Woman in Local State Attorney's Seat First Coast News WTLV, August 27, 2008
- Tuttle, Ian (2013-07-17) Angela Corey's Checkered Past, National Review
- Governor Rick Scott Announces New State Attorney and Task Force in Response to Trayvon Martin Incident
- Linton, Caroline (July 15, 2013). "Who Is Angela Corey? From Being Fired to Prosecuting Zimmerman". The Daily Beast.
- Angela Corey, Republican for State Attorney - Fourth Judicial Circuit
- Jacksonville-Newly elected State Attorney Angela Corey profile at About.com
- Chamness, Monica: Profile: Angela Corey Jacksonville Daily Record, February 8, 2002
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- Weeder, Roger: Harry Shorstein Not Running for Re-election First Coast News WTLV, February 6, 2007
- 2008 Election results, Duval Supervisor of Elections
- Corey cuts 10 from her staff Florida Times-Union, September 20, 2008
- New state attorney axes half of her investigators Florida Times-Union, September 16, 2008
- Corey drops 48 more, turns attention to hiring Jacksonville Journal, October 31, 2008
- "Crime: Getting tough", Florida Times-Union, July 15, 2010
- Murphy, Bridget. "Defense for Cristian Fernandez files new motions" The Florida Times-Union. December 12, 2011. Retrieved February 2, 2012.
- Murphy, Bridget (October 6, 2011). "Prosecutor not seeking life in prison for Cristian Fernandez" The Florida Times-Union. Retrieved February 2, 2012.
- "Cristian Fernandez Case: No Grand Jury Thursday as Planned". firstcoastnews.com. December 12, 2011. Retrieved February 2, 2012.
- "Cristian Fernandez won't stand trial, spend life in prison" (October 6, 2011). firstcoastnews.com. Retrieved February 2, 2012.
- Schoettler, Jim (2013-02-08). "Cristian Fernandez pleads guilty to manslaughter, gets juvenile sanctions". The Florida Times-Union. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
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- "Prosecute the killer of our son, 17-year-old Trayvon Martin". Change.org.
- "45 Days After Killing Trayvon Martin & Sparking National Outcry, George Zimmerman Finally Charged". Democracy Now!. Democracy Now!. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
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- "Harvard Law prof: Charges against Zimmerman won't hold up". Hardball with Chris Matthews. MSNBC. Retrieved 13 April 2012.
- Alcindor, Yamiche. "Zimmerman held pending arraignment in Trayvon shooting," USA TODAY April 12, 2012, accessed April 13, 2012.
- Reuters."Trayvon Martin's killer showed signs of injury: neighbors," Reuters April 16, 2012, accessed April 19, 2012.
- "Zimmerman charged with second-degree murder". PoliticsNation with Al Sharpton. MSNBC. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
- Huckabee, Mike. Dershowitz: Zimmerman Special Prosecutor Angela Corey Should Be Disbarred, Real Clear Politics, July 14, 2013.
- Jeff Weiner, "Dershowitz: Zimmerman prosecutor ranted against Harvard", Orlando Sentinel, June 6, 2012.
- Angela Corey fires staffer who raised concerns in Trayvon Martin case | jacksonville.com
- Tom Watkins and Nancy Leung IT director who raised questions about Zimmerman case is fired July 13, 2013 CNN
- "George Zimmerman Not Guilty".
- Powers, Kirsten. "Prosecuted for Standing Her Ground". The Daily Beast.
- "Order Denying Defendants Motion for Immunity and Motion to Dismiss". Retrieved 3 August 2013.
- "Angela Corey lashes out at critics of Marissa Alexander prosecution". Thegrio.com. Retrieved 15 May 2012.
- "Order Denying Defendants Motion for Immunity and Motion to Dismiss". Retrieved 3 August 2013.
- "Marissa Alexander Gets 20 Years For Firing Warning Shot". Huffington Post. 2012-05-11. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
- "20-year sentence for firing shot sparks outrage". News4Jax.
- Treen, Dana. "Jesse Jackson visits Marissa Alexander, discusses case with Angela Corey". jacksonville.com.
- "Endorsements". Free Marissa Now!.
- Irin Carmon. "Marissa Alexander will get a new trial | MSNBC". Tv.msnbc.com. Retrieved 2014-01-16.
- Morgan Whitaker (2013-07-23). "Marissa Alexander released from jail for Thanksgiving". MSNBC. Retrieved 2014-01-16.
- "Florida woman given 20 years for firing warning shot won't return to jail ahead of new trial". Usnews.nbcnews.com. Retrieved 2014-01-16.
- NOW calls for Angela Corey to resign over Marissa Alexander case, Florida Times-Union, Mar 18, 2014
- "Due to mandatory minimum, Keystone veteran gets a sentence that a judge calls 'a crime'". The Gainesville Sun. 2012-06-11. Retrieved 21 June 2012.
- Cindy Swirko (2012-06-27). "Man who got 20 years for shooting at ground gets a new trial". The Gainesville Sun. Retrieved 3 December 2013.
- "Dunn convicted of attempted murder; hung jury on murder in 'loud music' trial". CNN.com. 17 February 2014. Retrieved February 16, 2014.
- Angela B. Corey Bio - Downtown Council of Jacksonville Chamber of Commerce
- Another transition team assignment for Angela Corey (17 November 2010) jacksonville.com
- Angela Corey kicks off re-election bid | www.wokv.com
- READ: Statement From Fla. Attorney General Pam Bondi on George Zimmerman Charges | Fox News Insider
- Murphy, Bridget (November 17, 2006). "Shorstein dismisses longtime assistant". Florida Times-Union.
- Pinkham, Paul (September 6, 2009). "Corey rift with Shorstein stews, spreads". Florida Times-Union.
- Dershowitz, Alan (June 5, 2012). "On Prosecutor Angela Corey's Rant About My Criticism of Her". Huffington Post.
- Alan Dershowitz: Zimmerman Special Prosecutor Angela Corey Should Be Disbarred | RealClearPolitics
- "When Prosecutors Attack!: OJ Simpson, Roderick Scott, George Zimmerman - Baseless Government Attacks and the Media That Lets It Happen".
- "State Attorney Angela Corey upgrades her pension with taxpayer dollars".
4th Judicial Circuit