Angelo Ruffini

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Angelo Ruffini (Pretare of Arquata del Tronto,1864 – 1929) was an Italian histologist and embryologist.

He studied medicine at the University of Bologna, where beginning in 1894 he taught classes in histology. In 1903 he attained the chair of embryology at the University of Siena.

He was the first to describe small encapsulated nerve endings (mechanoreceptors) which were to become known as Ruffini corpuscles. He used a gold chloride stain on his microscope slides in order for to view the tiny corpuscles.[1]

Ruffini was a pioneer in the study of amphibian gastrulation, providing a comprehensive and detailed description on the formation of "bottle cells". He published these findings in a book titled Fisiogenia (1925).

Relationship with Sir Charles Sherrington[edit]

Ruffini corpuscle from original slide sent by Ruffini to Sir Charles Sherrington[2]

Between 1896 and 1903, Ruffini corresponded regularly with Sir Charles Sherrington.[3] This relationship evolved after Ruffini sent copies of his papers on muscle nerve endings[4][5] to Sherrington. Ruffini also sent Sherrington eleven slides of 'Organi nervosi' (available online) and Sherrington was instrumental in getting Ruffini's work published in the Journal of Physiology.[6][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] The Book of Lists By David Wallechinsky, et al
  2. ^ Molnár Z, Brown RE., 2010. Insights into the life and work of Sir Charles Sherrington. Nat Rev Neurosci. 11(6):429-36
  3. ^ Eccles, J. C., 1975. Letters from C. S. Sherrington, F. R. S., to Angelo Ruffini between 1896 and 1903. Notes Rec. R. Soc. 30, 69–82
  4. ^ Ruffini, A., 1892 Di una particolare reticella nervosa e di alcuni corpuscoli del Pacini che si trovano in connessione cogli organi muscolo-tendinei del gatto. Nota preventiva. Atti dell' Accademia nazionale dei Lincei. Rendiconti. Classe di scienze fisiche, matematiche e naturali, 5th ser., vol. 7 no. 1, 442–446
  5. ^ Ruffini, A., 1896. Sulla fine anatomia dei fusi neuro-muscuolare del gatto e sul loro significato fisiologico. Monitore Zoologico Italiano 7, 49–52.
  6. ^ Ruffini, A., 1898. On the minute anatomy of the neuromuscular spindles of the cat, and on their physiological significance. J. Physiol. 23, 191–208
  7. ^ Molnár Z, Brown RE., 2010. Insights into the life and work of Sir Charles Sherrington. Nat Rev Neurosci. 11(6):429-36