Angenehmes Wiederau, BWV 30a

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Angenehmes Wiederau (Pleasant Wiederau), BWV 30a, is a secular cantata composed by Johann Sebastian Bach.

History and text[edit]

The work was composed in Leipzig in 1737 as an homage to Johann Christian von Hennicke, who had acquired an estate including the Wiederau manor. The only performance of the work occurred on 28 September at Gut Wiederau manor near Leipzig.

The text of the cantata was most likely written by Bach's trusted librettist Christian Friedrich Henrici (Picander).[1]

The chorale theme is Freu dich sehr, o meine Seele, which was codified by Louis Bourgeois when setting the Geneva Psalm 42 in his collection of Pseaumes octante trios de David (Geneva, 1551). Bourgeois seems to have been influenced by the secular song "Ne l'oseray je dire" contained in the Manuscrit de Bayeux published around 1510.

Scoring and structure[edit]

The piece is scored for oboe d'amore, two oboes, two flauto traverso, timpani, three trombe, two violins, viola, and basso continuo (including fagotto), along with four vocal soloists (soprano as Zeit (Time), alto as Glück (Good Fortune), tenor as Elster (River Elster), bass as Schicksal (Fate)) and four-part choir.[2]

The cantata has thirteen movements:

  1. Chorus: Angenehmes Wiederau
  2. Recitative (bass, soprano, alto, tenor): So ziehen wir
  3. Aria (bass): Willkommen im Heil, willkommen in Freuden
  4. Recitative (alto): Da heute dir, gepriesner Hennicke
  5. Aria (alto): Was die Seele kann ergötzen
  6. Recitative (bass): Und wie ich jederzeit bedacht
  7. Aria (bass): Ich will dich halten
  8. Recitative (soprano): Und obwohl sonst der Unbestand
  9. Aria (soprano): Eilt, ihr Stunden, wie ihr wollt
  10. Recitative (tenor): So recht! ihr seid mir werte Gäste
  11. Aria (tenor): So, wie ich die Tropfen zolle
  12. Recitative (soprano, bass, alto): Drum, angenehmes Wiederau
  13. Chorus: Angenehmes Wiederau

Music[edit]

The eleventh movement, a tenor aria, is a reworking of a soprano aria from BWV 210. The other major movements are taken from BWV 30, while the recitatives are newly composed.[3][4]

Recordings[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ C. S. Terry and D. Litti, "Bach's Cantata Libretti", Journal of the Royal Musical Association 1917 44(1): 71–125; doi:10.1093/jrma/44.1.71
  2. ^ Walter F. Bischof, Text and orchestration for BWV 30a, Bach Cantatas, University of Alberta (German).
  3. ^ Julian Mincham
  4. ^ Classical Net

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]