Angkasa Pura

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Angkasa Pura (Sanskrit for Sky City) is a state enterprise of the Indonesian Department of Transport that is responsible for the management of airports in Indonesia. Angkasa Pura is made up of two companies: PT Angkasa Pura I & PT Angkasa Pura II. Angkasa Pura along with other agencies were managing air traffic services in Indonesia but later transfer to new state enterprise, AirNav Indonesia for the sole company or agency controlling the air traffic in Indonesia..

Angkasa Pura I has its head office in Jakarta.[1] Angkasa Pura II has its head office at Soekarno-Hatta International Airport in Tangerang, Banten.[2]

In 2010, PT Angkasa Pura I has airport capacities of 30,700,440 people, but the movement was 49,237,437 passengers. Over capacities also occurred for PT Angkasa Pura II with capacities of 30,815,000 people, but the movement was 62,215,834 passengers.[3]


In 1962, Perusahaan Negara (PN) Angkasa Pura Kemayoran was established.[4] The purpose of establishment this company is to control operation for Kemayoran Airport (JKT) in Jakarta.[4] Only in 1964, this company fully managed the Kemayoran Airport.[4] The following year in 1965, PN Angkasa Pura Kemayoran was renamed to PN Angkasa Pura.[4] In the year of 1974, PN Angkasa Pura changed from Perusahaan Negara (PN) to Perusahaan Umum (Perum) and the company name officially renamed to Perum Angkasa Pura.[4]

In 1987, Perum Angkasa Pura once again renamed the company name to Perum Angkasa Pura I following the establishment of Perum Angkasa Pura II.[4][5] Perum Angkasa Pura II was established to control the operation of Soekarno–Hatta International Airport (CGK) and Halim Perdanakusuma Airport (HLP) in Jakarta.[4][5]

In 1992, Perum Angkasa Pura I and Perum Angkasa Pura II renamed to Perseroan Terbatas (PT) Angkasa Pura I and PT Angkasa Pura II.[4][5]

Since 1992, these two companies operating major airports in Indonesia.


Angkasa Pura operates the following airports:

In 2010, Angkasa Pura II made profit of Rp.1,264 trillion. 7 airports suffered losses, but 5 airport made profit. Soekarno Hatta International Airport got profit Rp.1,573 trillion (US$160 million). The other airports which got profit were Polonia Medan airport, Sultan Syarif Kasim Pekanbaru airport, Supadio Pontianak airport and Husein Sastra Negara Bandung airport.[6]

Overburdened airports[edit]

In 2010, PT Angkasa Pura I combined capacity was only 30 million passengers, but handled 49 million passengers, while PT Angkasa Pura II combined capacity was only 28 million passengers, but handled 62 million passengers. The most heavily burden airports were Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, Polonia International Airport, Ngurah Rai International Airport and Juanda International Airport.[7]


PT Angkasa Pura I will build hotels at Juanda International Airport and Sultan Hasanuddin International Airport in 2011. The investment is Rp.50 billion ($5.8 million) and both hotels will be operated by Accor under the Formule 1 brand.[8]


PT Angkasa Pura I, will built Flight Plan and Flow Management Centre (FLIPMAC) in Surabaya to cover also Bali, Makassar and Balikpapan and becomes the centre of Air Traffic Flow Management (ATFM) nationwide due to Surabaya is the point of intersection between domestic and international routes and Jakarta-Surabaya flight path is the world's fifth most populous and fourth most populous in the Asia Pacific region with 760 flights traffic per week. The system will monitor all the movements of planes from refuelling, baggage, and start catering to aircraft engines and given a time limit and for approaching aircraft, altitude and airspeed settings are also monitored long before the plane arrived at the airport so that aircraft avoid holding or delay. Initial phase will be installed in late 2012 and is expected to be operational in mid-2013 with investment about Rp40 billion.[9]


External links[edit]