Angle modulation

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Angle modulation is a class of analog modulation. These techniques are based on altering the angle (or phase) of a sinusoidal carrier wave to transmit data, as opposed to varying the amplitude, such as in AM transmission.

Angle Modulation is modulation in which the angle of a sine-wave carrier is varied by a modulating wave. Frequency Modulation (FM) and Phase Modulation (PM) are two types of angle modulation. In frequency modulation the modulating signal causes the carrier frequency to vary. These variations are controlled by both the frequency and the amplitude of the modulating wave. In phase modulation the phase of the carrier is controlled by the modulating waveform.

The two main types of angle modulation are:

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