Angle of rotation

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The angle of rotation from the black ray to the green segment is 60°, from the black ray to the blue segment is 210°, and from the green to the blue segment is 210°–60°=150°. A complete rotation about the center point is equal to 1 turn, 360°, or 2π radians.

In mathematics, the angle of rotation is a measurement of the amount, the angle, by which a figure is rotated counterclockwise about a fixed point, often the center of a circle. A clockwise rotation is considered a negative rotation, so that for instance a rotation of 310° (counterclockwise) can also be called a rotation of –50° (since 310°+50°=360°, a full rotation). A counterclockwise rotation of more than one complete turn is normally measured modulo 360°, meaning that 360° is subtracted off as many times as possible to leave a non-negative measurement less than 360°.

For example, the carts on a Ferris wheel move along a circle around the center point of that circle. If a cart moves around the wheel once, the angle of rotation is 360 degrees. If the cart was stuck halfway, at the top of the wheel, at that point its angle of rotation was only 180 degrees.

This is also referred to as the "order of symmetry."

Angles are commonly measured in degrees, radians and turns. They are central to polar coordinates and trigonometry.

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