|Canton||Capital of 2 cantons|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Jean Espilondo|
|• Land1||26.93 km2 (10.40 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||64024 / 64600|
|Elevation||0–76 m (0–249 ft)
(avg. 38 m or 125 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Toponymy
- 3 History
- 4 Administration
- 5 Demography
- 6 Economy
- 7 Culture and Heritage
- 8 Amenities
- 9 Notable people linked to the commune
- 10 See also
- 11 External links
- 12 Notes and references
Anglet commune is part of the urban area of Bayonne located south-west of the city and part of the Basque province of Labourd. The commune is 10% covered with pine forests, including those of Pignada, Lazaretto, and Chiberta. The sandy coast starts 200 km north at the Pointe de Grave on the shore of the estuary of the Gironde and ends in Anglet. It is punctuated by numerous seawalls cutting the shore. At Anglet the outline of the public maritime domain has been updated and a coastal reserve forty metres wide has been observed since 1978. With its many bays and inlets this area is a laboratory for monitoring techniques for studying coastal erosion.
The Anglet coast is about 4.5 km long and has 11 beaches from north to south:
- Beach of la Barre;
- Beach of Cavaliers;
- Beach of Dunes;
- Beach of the Ocean;
- Beach of Madrague;
- Beach of Little Madrague;
- Beach of Corsaires;
- Beach of Marinella;
- Beach of Sables d'or;
- Beach of Club;
- Beach of VVF (Village Vacances Famille).
The French Basque Coast designates the part of the Aquitaine coast between the Chambre d'Amour cave at Anglet and the Spanish border.
Anglet is served by the A63 autoroute, the D810 road from Bayonne to Anglet town, and the D260 road from Bayonne to the northern part of the commune.
During the winter season of 2013/2014 the A1, A2, C, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 11, 12, 14, and N (evening) Chronoplus bus lines operated by the Transdev agglomeration de Bayonne served Anglet connecting it to other communes in the metropolitan area: Bayonne, Biarritz, Bidart, Boucau, Saint-Pierre-d'Irube, and Tarnos.
The commune is traversed by the following tributaries of the Adour:
- the Sarraoute
- the Artigou (as well as the tributary of this - the Zubiru with its own tributary the Hòssa)
- the Camoudiet (and its tributaries, the Aouassole and the Riu Tòrt)
- the Horc (with its tributaries - the Coumelade, the Mail, and the Canaou)
- the Prade (joined by the Horn)
- the Gaoube (and the Arm of the Gaoube)
- the Houillassat
- the Gaoubole
- the Hourclat
- the Larraoudille
- the Bon
- the Adour de Gripp (as well as its tributaries - the great Canabère, the Garet, the Picharotte, the Goutil de Thou, and the Aritz and its tributary the Goutil Sec)
- the May d'Escaret
- the Arrimoula
- the Adour de Lesponne (and its tributaries, the Cantalop, the Lhécou, the Riu Grand, the Brouilh, the Maouri, the Tos - and its tributaries: the Népoutre, the Arabède, and the Cétérou; the Narbeoz, the Beliou, the Binaros, the Glère - and its tributaries: the Great Garrot, the Lardezen, and the Hont Herèda)
- the Serris
- la Barre
- Bois Belin
- le Brise-Lames
- la Butte aux Cailles
- les Cavaliers
- la chambre d'Amour
- Château de Brindos
- Cinq Cantons
- les Corsaires
- El Hogar
- le Lazaret
- la Madrague
- le Pavillon Chinois
- Le Phare
- le Pignada
- Port du Soufre
- Quatre Cantons
- Refuge Notre-Dame
- les Sables d'Or
- Tour de Lannes
- Les Trois Croix
||Bay of Biscay||Bay of Biscay||Tarnos|
The Basque name of the commune is Angelu and the Gascon name is Anglet. The name Anglet appears in the forms:
- Angles (1188, Cartulary of Bayonne)
- Anglet (1249)
- portu de Angleto (1291)
- Sanctus Leo d'Anglet (1761, collations of the Diocese of Bayonne).
Its origin is Roman from the Latin angulus, "Land shaped like a wedge" or "low terrain or depression". This last hypothesis was confirmed by Jean-Baptiste Orpustan who indicated that the official name and the basque name derived from two distinct strains of the same origin: angellu, a diminutive of Angulu, and cited by L. Michelena who affirmed that "low terrain" applies to "all the sandy beachfront in the commune".
Aritxague comes from the Basque Haritzaga meaning "place of oaks" (tauzins), and le Pignada from the gascon Pinhadats meaning "pines". This last name was mentioned with the spelling Pinada in 1863 in the Topographic Dictionary of Basque Béarn-Pays. Meanwhile Aritxague referred to a mill and appeared in the forms:
- Urruzaga (1140)
- Urrucega (1149)
- Urrusague (12th century, cartulary of Bayonne)
- Aritzague (end of the 18th century, Cassini Map)
- Ritzague (1863)
The Chambre d’Amour was a hamlet in Anglet. Paul Raymond indicated that the name "came from a cave located next to the sea". It was mentionewd with the spelling Ygasc (1198) and Higas (12th century, cartulary of Bayonne).
In 1863, Blancpignon, a place in Anglet, was noted as Blanpignon.
Brindos was a former hamlet in Anglet which appeared in the forms:
- Villa que dicitur Berindos (12th century, cartulary of Bayonne)
- Beryndos (1331)
- Beryndes (1334, Gascon roles).
The lac de Chiberta was mentioned in 1863 in the Topographic Dictionary of Basque Béarn-Pays basque as was Cinq Cantons.
Donzacq was a mill in the commune cited in 1246 (cartulary of Bayonne) with the spelling molendinum de Donzag, then in 1539 (Titles of the Chapter of Bayonne) as lo moly appelé Donzac. In the 19th century the Donzacq was a stream that had its source in Biarritz and flowed into the Adour after passing through Biarritz, Anglet, and Bayonne.
Le moulin d’Hausquette, mentioned in 1863 in the Topographic dictionary of Basque Béarn-Pays appeared in the forms:
- molin de Fausquete (1259, cartulary of Bayonne); and
- moulin de Hausquete (1556, Titles of the Abbey Sainte-Claire of Bayonne).
Hondritz, a hamlet in Anglet, appears in the forms:
Irumendy designates a hamlet that was destroyed, mentioned with the spellings:
Lamothe was a fief of Anglet, cited in the dictionary of 1863.
En 1863, Lazaret was a "workhouse".
Mauléon was indicated to have been a castle in teh Topographic Dictiobnary of Basque Béarn-Pays in 1863 and Montori and Pontots were hamlets in Anglet. Montori had a fountain called de Navariz which was mentioned in 1198 by the cartulary of Bayonne.
The same dictionary cited the Refuge Notre-Dame in the form Le Refuge and also stated that Saint-Bernard was a school.
Sutar was another hamlet in Anglet and was mentioned in the cartulary of Bayonne as:
- the Villa quœ dicitur Huzater (12th century)
- Utsatarren (1149)
- Usetarren (1198)
- Ussutarren (13th century)
- Hucetarren (13th century)
- Sustaren (16th century).
The Topographic dictionary of Basque Béarn-Pays spelled it as Sutarre in 1863.
In March 1815 in the midst of disorders caused by the Hundred Days and after the Battle of Waterloo a Spanish army commanded by the Count of Labisbal made a brief foray beyond the Bidassoa to Anglet and Ustaritz. These troops fought to retire after an intervention by Louis-Antoine d'Artois, Duke of Angoulême, with the Spanish monarch Ferdinand VII.
In the 19th century Anglet ceded part of its territory to Bayonne (the Saint-Léon Quarter around the hospital). New neighbourhoods, first occupied by Gascon market gardeners essentially were reclaimed wetlands.
The Gascon motto for Anglet is Mar e pinhader per m'ajudar which means "Sea and Forest will help me" (pinhader in Gascon is a forest of marine pines which are shown on the arms
Anglet town is the seat of two cantons: Anglet-Nord and Anglet-Sud which do not include any other commune.
List of Successive Mayors
|1897||Albert Le Barillier|
|1999||2001||Alain Lamassoure||UDF||Vice President of the UDF
Advisor to the Court of Auditors
|Vice-President of CABAB
Vice-President of Côte Basque-Adour agglomeration
(Not all data is known)
The town is part of six intercommunal structures:
- the agglomeration of Côte Basque-Adour;
- the public agency for local management;
- the inter-communal association for management of the Txakurrak centre;
- the association to support Basque culture;
- the Joint association for the usage of the Nive;
- the energy association for Pyrénées-Atlantiques.
It is also a member of the Eurocity Basque Bayonne - San Sebastian.
In 2009 the commune had 37,661 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Once oriented towards agriculture (the town is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zone designation of Ossau-iraty) and in particular vegetable crops, Anglet now has, thanks to its location within the Bayonne-Anglet-Biarritz urban area, a broader economic scope.
The commune also hosts agri-food sector enterprises who are among the top fifty largest in the department:
- the bayonnaise meat company (beef meat production);
- SAS TDA (production and preserving of meat);
- Mandion SA (industrial production of fresh bread and pastry);
- the Abbatoir Company of Basque Country (production and preserving of meat);
- SARL Sonath (production of bakery products).
- BAB2 is a shopping centre located in Anglet, with a Carrefour hypermarket of 13,000 m2 surrounded by some 90 smaller shops. The Carrefour hypermarket is the largest hypermarket in Pyrénées-Atlantiques and the third largest in Aquitaine based on turnover. The magazine Surf Session is based in Anglet.
Culture and Heritage
Winds and Tides was a lively review of poetry in Anglet which was organised by Jeanne Monteil and Jean-Léopold Dumontier-Béroulet from 1976 to 1992.
Anglet and the neighboring communes of Biarritz and Bayonne can be seen at different times and through different points of view as either Gascon or Basque. The majority of people in this area spoke Gascon according to the Linguistic Atlas of Gascony (ALG) (1954-1966) and investigations on the limits of the Basque language by Lucien Bonaparte in 1863. At the same time some areas could be described as Basque (no doubt as a result of Basque campaigns in surrounding areas). Since the 20th century the French language has been the majority language.
The town hall has two remarkable pieces of furniture: a sideboard by Christian Ortet and a table by Christian Ortet and Jean Lesquibe. These two units have been classified as historical monuments since 2007.
The Villa Gomez, a former building for bridges and roads, has a writing desk and armchair registered since 2004. Paul Campagne (1870-1941) and his wife Julienne Moussempès (1879-1956) were owners of the famous Hotel de l'Angleterre in Biarritz and in 1900 built a second home called "Marnoger" whose name comes from the names of their three children Marcel (1901-1918), Nora (1902-1956) and Roger (1905-1945) based on plans by architect Raymond Larrebat Tudor (1859-1943). This sumptuous house and its park renamed "Beatrix Enea" are part of the municipal heritage of Anglet which was acquired in 1985: the municipal city services are housed there.
The city has seven churches: Saint-Michel, Holy Trinity, Saint-Léon, Saint-Bernadette, Our Lady of Refuge, Saint-Joseph, and Saint-Marie.
One wall of the former Dominican monastery was classified as an historic monument in 1928. The area of Our Lady of Refuge of the Congregation of the Servants of Mary contains a church that has a picture of Louis-Edouard Cestac. This picture has been classified as an object since 1997.
The cave of the Chambre d'Amour is part of the heritage of the commune. In its prize list of 2012, the National Council of Cities and Villages in Bloom of France awarded four flowers to the commune in the Contest of cities and villages in bloom.
The Izadia ecological park was inaugurated in November 2007 in the area of la Barre.
The town has many public kindergartens (Camiade, Jules Ferry, Aristide Briand, Jean Jaurès, Evariste Galois, and Tivoli), two colleges (Endarra college and the private Stella Maris college), two schools (Technological School of Cantau and the Sainte-Anne school) and an ikastola (Angeluko ikastola). Furthermore a Building Institute, an art school and a unit of the National Conservatory of Arts and Crafts are present in the commune.
In 2010 the commune of Anglet was awarded the label "Internet City @@@@".
Sports and sports facilities
- Aikido: the Aikido Dojo of Angloy is the 20th largest club in France in number of members with more than 560 active members;
- Basketball: the ACBB is a mixed club with the pennant team playing in the National 2 Championship of France;
- Riding: the Equestrian club of the Basque coast already had its 50th year in 2006 and is an association under the law of 1901. With almost 500 active members it is the 2nd largest club in Aquitaine;
- Football: the Genêts d'Anglet play in the CFA;
- Golf: The commune has two golf courses: the Chiberta Par 71 Course which provided a test of skills at qualifications for the Open de France in 2005; and the Golf du Phare which was created in 1888 and is located in the communes of Anglet and Biarritz;
- Ice hockey, figure skating and ice dancing at the rink of la Barre. The ice hockey team of Anglet Hormadi Élite competes in Division 1;
- Figure skating: the French Figure Skating championships in 1981 took place at the rink at la Barre for 3 events: men's singles, women's singles and artistic couples;
- Basque pelota: The commune hosts the Hardoytarrak club created by Gilen Zaldunbide. Facilities are: three walls at left (El Hogar, Orok, Les Cigales, and Orok Bat), a wall at left in the open (in the forest of Lazaretto), three free places (Haitz Péan, Hardoytarrak, and Orok Bat), three trinquets (El Hogar, Haitz Péan (trinquet and board trinquet), Oroc Bat);
- Inline hockey: the Artzak d'Anglet won the silver medal in the European Cup in 2006 and 2010. They became champions of France in 2011;
- Rugby union: the Anglet Olympique advanced to the second federal division;
- Skateboarding: The town has a skatepark on the seafront (in front of the la Barre beach). It has an "L" shaped curb and rounded on the inside, an area of 1.80 metres in height, a pyramid, a spine, a rail, a flat-bar, a double table (small 20 cm high, large around 40 cm high), and a triple spine (with a triangular top). It also includes three concreted hollows. The skatepark occupies a space approximately 200 metres long and about 50 metres wide;
- Surfing and board sports: the various beaches host many male and female international competitions. Anglet is a spot known around the world (the city hosted the board sports championship of France in the summer of 2005, the Quiksilver Air Show, the O'Neill Pro, the O'Neil Angel's Challenge, the KanaMissCup, the Coupe de France Open Bodyboard, the Wake n'Ski Tour, and the OP Royal Single Trophy. The Anglet Surf Club is the biggest club in France with over 1,200 members. It also has many champions in its ranks such as Thomas Bady, Romain Laulhé, Tim Boal, and Caroline Sarran.
- Born in the 19th century
- Louis Edouard Cestac, born in Bayonne in 1801 and died in Anglet in 1868, was a priest and founder of the Congregation of the Servants of Mary;
- Elise Cestac, born in Bayonne in 1811 and died in Bayonne in 1849, was the sister of Louis Edouard Cestac and co-founder of the Congregation of the Servants of Mary;
- Henri Gavel, born in 1880 in Saint-Pol-sur-Ternoise and died in 1959 in Anglet, was a French linguist specialising in Occitan and Basque;
- Jean Mendiondou, born in 1885 in Oloron-Sainte-Marie, died in 1961 in Anglet, was a French politician;
- Jean Larribau, born in 1889 in Anglet and died in 1916 in Belgium, was a French rugby player and held the position of scrum half for the national team and Biarritz Olympique;
- Lucien Lelong, born in 1889 in Paris and died in Anglet in 1958, was a French fashion designer who was very popular in the years 1920-1950.
- Born in the 20th century
- Clement Duhour, born in 1912 in Anglet and died in 1983 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, was a singer, actor, director and French producer. He participated in the Olympic Games in Los Angeles in 1932 as an athlete;
- Pierre Baldi, born in Anglet in 1919, was a painter;
- Jeanne Monteil, born in Bayonne in 1924 and died in Bayonne in 1999, was a poetess and host of the Winds and Tides events;
- Robert Baulon, born in Boucau in 1930 and died in Anglet in 2011, was a rugby player who played with the French team from 1954 to 1957 as a third line centre or wing;
- Raoul Sangla, born in Anglet in 1930, is a journalist, writer and independent French director;
- Ramuntxo Camblong, born in 1940 in Macaye, is a French politician, Municipal Councillor of Anglet from 2001 to 2008;
- Lucien Pariès, born in 1947 in Anglet and died in 1998 in Aix-les-Bains, was a French rugby union player, fly half for Biarritz Olympique from 1964 to 1973 then for the Racing Club of Narbonne from 1974 and for the French Team;
- Claire Noblia, born in Anglet in 1942, is a female politician, President for the French Basque Country of the EAJ-PNV from June 2008 to July 2009;
- José Miguel Beñaran Ordeñana, born in 1949 in Arrigorriaga (Biscay, Spain), is a theoretical Marxist-Leninist and revolutionary leader for Basque independence (Euskadi ta Askatasuna). He was killed on 21 December 1978 in Anglet by the explosion of a bomb placed in his car by the Basque Spanish Battalion.
- Guy Forget, tennis player and captain of the French Davis Cup team
- Town of Anglet official site (French)
- Surf School Anglet (Gliss experience) (French)
- ANGELU in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia (Spanish)
- Official Tourist website for Anglet (French)
- Anglet on the INSEE website (French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of place names - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (French)
- Euskaltzaindia - Academy of the Basque language (Basque)
- Chronoplus Timetable Winter 2013-2014, consulted on 23 November 2013. (French)
- Géoportail, National Institute of Geographic Information (IGN), consulted on 14 October 2011 (French)
- Paul Raymond, Topographic Dictionary of Basque Béarn-Pays (French)
- Google Maps
- Cartulary of Bayonne or the Book of Gold - Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy, Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, 2006, ISBN 2 86781 396 4, page 28 (French)
- Manuscripts from the 17th and 18th centuries - Departmental archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Bénédicte Boyrie-Fénié, Toponomic Dictionary of the communes of Landes and Bas-Adour, éd. Cairn, 2005, p. 255 (French)
- Chapiter of Bayonne - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques
- Titles of the Abbey Sainte-Claire of Bayonne - Departmental archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Philippe Veyrin, The Basques, Arthaud, 1947, reprinted 1975, ISBN 2 7003 0038 6 (French)
- List of Mayors of France
- Intercommunality of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Cellule informatique préfecture 64, consulted on 12 November 2011 (French)
- National Commission for Decentralised cooperation (French)
- Anglet Town website - Economics page (French)
- 2007 Report of the Guyenne and Gascogne Company (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000897 Buffet by Christian Ortet (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000895 The table by Christian Ortet et Jean Lesquibe (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000754 The writing desk and armchair at the Villa Gomez (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PA00084310 The former Dominican cloister (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PM64000495 The picture of Louis-Edouard Cestac (French)
- Towns and Villages in bloom website, consulted on 21 February 2013.
- Anglet town website - Childrens page (French)
- Anglet Town website - Montaury university park page (French)
- Dojo Angloy Aikido (French)
- Equestrian Club of the basque coast website (French)
- Anglet Surf Club (French)
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