Anglo-Japanese Treaty of Amity and Commerce
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The Anglo-Japanese Treaty of Amity and Commerce (日英修好通商条約 Nichi-Ei Shūkō Tsūshō Jōyaku ) was signed on August 26, 1858 by Lord Elgin and the then representatives of the Japanese government (Tokugawa shogunate). This was an unequal treaty, that gave Japan semi-colonial status.
The concessions which Japan made were threefold:
- A representative of the British government would be permitted to reside at Yedo.
- Hakodate, Kanagawa and Nagasaki were to be opened to British commerce on July 1, 1859 and British subjects could travel within a range of 25 miles of each port. Hyogo would open on January 1, 1863.
- British subjects would be allowed to reside in Yedo from January 1, 1862, and Osaka from January 1, 1863.
- Anglo-Japanese Alliance
- Ansei Treaties
- Japan–United Kingdom relations
- Harris Treaty
- James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin
- Unequal treaty
- Auslin, Michael R. (2004). Negotiating with Imperialism: The Unequal Treaties and the Culture of Japanese Diplomacy. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 10-ISBN 0-674-01521-5; 13-ISBN 978-0-674-01521-0; OCLC 56493769