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An Anglophile is a person who is fond of English culture. Its antonym is Anglophobe. The word comes from Latin Anglus "English" via French, and is ultimately derived from Old English Englisc "English" + Ancient Greek φίλος - philos, "friend". It gives the first use as occurring in 1867, where the journal Revue des deux mondes is described as a "thoroughly Anglophile journal".
The term is not usually associated with citizens of Commonwealth nations (the former British Empire), although these countries share many aspects of culture and history with the UK. Occasionally, it is used to describe the adherence to the culture of the wider Anglosphere such as the South Africa, Canada, Australia and New Zealand.
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In some cases, Anglophilia represents an individual's appreciation of English history and traditional English culture (e.g. William Shakespeare, Jane Austen, Samuel Johnson, Gilbert and Sullivan). Anglophilia might also be characterized by fondness for the British monarchy and the English system of government and bureaucracy (e.g. the Westminster system of parliament, the Royal Mail), as well as nostalgia for the former British Empire and the English class system. Anglophiles may display adoration of English actors, films, TV shows, radio programs, musicians, books, magazines, fashion designers, cars and/or subcultures.
Anglophiles may use English spellings instead of American spellings, such as 'colour' instead of 'color', 'centre' rather than 'center', 'traveller' rather than 'traveler', etc.. The use of British-English expressions in casual conversation and news reportage has recently increased in the United States. The trend, misunderstanding and misuse of these expressions by Americans has become a topic of media interest in both the United States and England. University of Delaware English professor Ben Yagoda claims that the use of British English has "established itself as this linguistic phenomenon that shows no sign of abating". Lynne Murphy, a linguist at the University of Sussex, notes the trend is more pronounced in the Northeastern United States. The Internet, interest in the Royal family, prominent British journalists working for the American media, a generation that grew up on Harry Potter, and British accents sounding "posh" to Americans have been cited as reasons for this trend.
- The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition. 2000[dead link]
- "Dictionary.com: anglophile". Dictionary.reference.com. Retrieved 2012-03-20.
- dictionary.oed.com "Anglophile", n. & a.,". Oxford University Press. Dictionary.oed.com. September 2008.
- Britishisms and the Britishisation of American English BBC magazine September 26, 2012
- Separated by a common language blog by University of Sussex linguist Lynne Murphy
- Americans Are Barmy Over Britishisms New York Times October 10, 2012
- Ian Buruma, Anglomania: a European Love Affair (Random House, 1999 in the US), or Voltaire's Coconuts, or Anglomania in Europe (Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1999 in the UK).
- Michael Maurer: Anglophilia, European History Online, Mainz: Institute of European History, 2010, retrieved: June 14, 2012.
- Elisa Tamarkin, Anglophilia: Deference, Devotion, and Antebellum America (University of Chicago Press, 2008).
- Time magazine review of Anglomania
- Anglotopia - Anglophile Blog
- Anglophenia - Anglophile Blog from BBC America
- Smitten by Britain - Anglophile and Britophile blog
- Anglophiles United - Blog and website for Anglophiles