Anglo-America

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Anglo-America
Anglo America (orthographic projection).svg
Area 19,418,198.6 km2 (7,497,408.4 sq mi)
Population 354,830,825
Pop. density 18.3 /km2 (47 /sq mi)
Demonym Anglo-American[1]
Countries
Dependencies
Languages
Time zones UTC-4 to UTC-10
Largest cities List of cities in North America, Cities in Guyana

Anglo-America most often refers to a region in the Americas in which English is a main language, and where British culture and the British Empire has had significant historical, ethnic, linguistic, and cultural impact.[2] Anglo-America is distinct from Latin America, a region of the Americas where Romance languages (Spanish, Portuguese and French) are prevalent.[2]

Geographic region[edit]

The term Anglo-America frequently refers specifically to the United States and Canada, by far the two most populous English-speaking countries in North America.[3] Other areas composing the Anglophone Caribbean include territories of the former British West Indies, Belize, Bermuda, and Guyana.

Two notable territories with substantial non-Anglophone majorities are nonetheless often included in Anglo-America for political reasons. Quebec, a francophone province of Canada, is often considered part of Anglo-America for cultural, economic, geographical, historical, and political reasons. Similarly, Spanish-speaking Puerto Rico is considered part of Anglo-America because of its status as an unincorporated territory of the United States.[4] Conversely, Sint Eustatius, Sint Maarten, and Saba are not typically included in Anglo-America, despite their English-speaking majorities, because they are constituent countries or public bodies that form part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.[citation needed]

Population sizes, in 2010[5]
Country Population Land area Pop. density
 Anguilla 14,764 91 km2 (35 sq mi) 162.2 /km2 (420 /sq mi)
 Antigua and Barbuda 86,754 442.6 km2 (170.9 sq mi) 196.0 /km2 (508 /sq mi)
 Bahamas 310,426 10,010 km2 (3,860 sq mi) 31.0 /km2 (80 /sq mi)
 Barbados 285,653 430 km2 (170 sq mi) 664.3 /km2 (1,721 /sq mi)
 Belize 314,522 22,806 km2 (8,805 sq mi) 13.9 /km2 (36 /sq mi)
 Bermuda 68,268 54 km2 (21 sq mi) 1,264.2 /km2 (3,274 /sq mi)
 British Virgin Islands 24,939 151 km2 (58 sq mi) 165.2 /km2 (428 /sq mi)
 Canada 34,255,000 9,984,670 km2 (3,855,100 sq mi) 3.7 /km2 (9.6 /sq mi)
 Cayman Islands 50,209 264 km2 (102 sq mi) 198.2 /km2 (513 /sq mi)
 Dominica 72,813 751 km2 (290 sq mi) 97.0 /km2 (251 /sq mi)
 Falkland Islands 3,140 12,173 km2 (4,700 sq mi) 0.3 /km2 (0.78 /sq mi)
 Grenada 107,818 344 km2 (133 sq mi) 313.4 /km2 (812 /sq mi)
 Guyana 748,486 196,849 km2 (76,004 sq mi) 3.8 /km2 (9.8 /sq mi)
 Jamaica 2,847,232 10,831 km2 (4,182 sq mi) 262.9 /km2 (681 /sq mi)
 Montserrat 5,118 102 km2 (39 sq mi) 50.2 /km2 (130 /sq mi)
 Puerto Rico 3,725,789 9,104 km2 (3,515 sq mi) 409.2 /km2 (1,060 /sq mi)
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 49,898 261 km2 (101 sq mi) 191.2 /km2 (495 /sq mi)
 Saint Lucia 160,922 606 km2 (234 sq mi) 265.5 /km2 (688 /sq mi)
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 104,217 389 km2 (150 sq mi) 267.9 /km2 (694 /sq mi)
 Trinidad and Tobago 1,228,691 5,128 km2 (1,980 sq mi) 239.6 /km2 (621 /sq mi)
 Turks and Caicos Islands 23,528 430 km2 (170 sq mi) 104 /km2 (270 /sq mi)
 United States 310,232,863 9,161,966 km2 (3,537,455 sq mi) 33.9 /km2 (88 /sq mi)
 United States Virgin Islands 109,775 346 km2 (134 sq mi) 317.3 /km2 (822 /sq mi)
Total 354,830,825 19,418,198.6 km2 (7,497,408.4 sq mi) 18.3 /km2 (47 /sq mi)

Anglo-American[edit]

The adjective Anglo-American is used in the following ways:

Anglo-American ethnic group[edit]

Anglo American
Total population

215.6 million (196.8 million Non-Hispanic Whites[6] and

17.8 million (English Canadians)[7])
Regions with significant populations
Throughout the United States and Canada
Languages
English

As a noun, Anglo-American is a term occasionally used to refer to an English American and/or an English Canadian.

Anglo, on the other hand, typically refers to an English-speaking American in distinction to Spanish speakers, especially in the Southwestern states and in Mexico.[8][9] This usage originated in the discussion of the history of English-speaking people of the United States and the Spanish-speaking people residing in the western U.S. during the Mexican–American War.

Anglo-American, Anglophone American, Anglic, Anglo[edit]

While the term Anglo-American used in regard to ethnicity is frequently used only to refer to people of Caucasoid ancestry, it (along with terms like Anglo, Anglic, Anglophone, and Anglophonic) can also be used to denote all English-speaking people and their descendants in the New World, regardless of prior ethnic background, much like Hispanic refers to people of any race. Therefore, a person, for example, of Chinese descent who adopts the U.S. or English Canadian American culture would have English-speaking "Anglo-American", "Anglic", "Anglophone", "Anglo", or "Anglophonic", children (in contrast to Spanish-speaking Chinese descent people living in Hispanic America, who would be "Hispanic").Thus,"Anglo-American", Anglic-American, Anglophone-American, Anglo, or Anglophonic-American can refer to all those whose families who, regardless of race, have become mainstream English-speaking people in the United States, English Canada, English speaking areas of the Caribbean, Belize, and Guyana, including African Americans.

Ethnic distribution, in 2010[5]
Country Population Amerindians Asians African-Americans Hispanic/
Latino
Multi-ethnic/
dougla/
mulatto
Caucasians Other
 Anguilla 14,764 90.1% 04.6% 03.7% 01.5%
 Antigua and Barbuda 86,754 91% 04.4% 01.7% 02.9%
 Bahamas 310,426 85% 12% 03%
 Barbados 285,653 01% 93% 02.6% 03.2% 0.2%
 Belize 314,522 10.6% 24.9% 46% 09.7%
 Bermuda 68,268 54.8% 06.4% 34.1% 04.7%
 British Virgin Islands 24,939 82% 5% 06.8% 11.2%
 Canada[10] 33,759,742 3.8% 10.8% 2.01% 0.97% 0.3% 83.78% 0.6%
 Cayman Islands 50,209 20% 40% 20% 20%
 Dominica 72,813 02.9% 86.8% 08.9% 0.8% 0.7%
 Falkland Islands 3,140 5%
 Grenada 107,818 82% 18%
 Guyana 748,486 09.1% 43.5% 30.2% 16.7% 0.5%
 Jamaica 2,847,232 91.2% 06.2% 02.6%
 Montserrat 5,118 N/A N/A N/A
 Puerto Rico 3,725,789 0.5% 0.2% 12.4% 98.5% 11.9% 75.8% 03.1%
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 49,898 N/A N/A
 Saint Lucia 160,922 02.4% 82.5% 11.9% N/A 03.1%
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 104,217 02% 06% 66% 19% 04% 03%
 Trinidad and Tobago 1,228,691 40% 37.5% 20.5% 02%
 Turks and Caicos Islands 23,528 90% 10%
 United States 310,232,863 0.97% 04.8% 12.6% 16.3% 2.9% 72.4% 6.1%
 United States Virgin Islands 109,775 01.1% 76.2% 22.3% 03.5% 13.1% 06.1%
Total

Immigration[edit]

People from other parts of the world have immigrated to Anglo-America to have a better quality of life, find better employment, and escape famine, poverty, violence and conflict. People from many different ethnic origins in Latin America and more remote places all over the world including the less English-dominant parts of Oceania, continental Europe, Asia and Africa all live in Anglo-America contemporarily.

Standard of living, in 2009[5]
Country GDP (PPP)
Billions USD
GDP Per Capita
USD
Gini[11] HDI rank
 Anguilla $0.2 billion 12,200
 Antigua and Barbuda $1.55 billion 18,100
 Bahamas $9.09 billion 29,800
 Barbados $5.20 billion 18,500
 Belize $2.49 billion 08,100
 Bermuda $4.50 billion 69,900
 British Virgin Islands $0.9 billion 38,500
 Canada $1,300.0 billion 38,400 32.1
 Cayman Islands $2.25 billion 43,800
 Dominica $0.74 billion 10,200
 Falkland Islands $0.12 billion 35,400
 Grenada $1.16 billion 10,800
 Guyana $2.84 billion 03,800 43.2
 Jamaica $23.24 billion 08,200 45.5
 Montserrat $0.30 billion 03,400
 Puerto Rico $88.00 billion 17,100
 Saint Kitts and Nevis $0.75 billion 15,200
 Saint Lucia $1.75 billion 10,900
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines $1.55 billion 18,100
 Trinidad and Tobago $28.41 billion 23,100
 Turks and Caicos Islands $0.22 billion 11,500
 United States $14,260.0 billion 46,400 45.0
 United States Virgin Islands $1.577 billion 14,500
Total

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ This usage refers to those who reside within the geographical area of Anglo-America as opposed to those who are members of the Anglo-American ethnic group.
  2. ^ a b "Anglo-America", vol. 1, Micropædia, Encyclopædia Britannica, 15th ed., Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 1990. ISBN 0-85229-511-1.
  3. ^ "North America" The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. 2001-5. New York: Columbia University Press.
  4. ^ "2005–2009 Population and Housing Narrative Profile for Puerto Rico". U.S. Census Narrative Profile. U.S. Census. 2005–2009. Retrieved May 19, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c CIA world factbook 2010
  6. ^ "United States - Selected Population Profile in the United States (White alone, not Hispanic or Latino)". 2009 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-10-27. 
  7. ^ "Language Highlight Tables, 2006 Census". 2.statcan.ca. 2009-04-07. Retrieved 2011-01-28. 
  8. ^ Mish, Frederic C., Editor in Chief Webster's Tenth New Collegiate Dictionary Springfield, Massachusetts, U.S.A.:1994--Merriam-Webster See original definition (definition #1) of Anglo in English: It is defined as a synonym for Anglo-American--Page 86
  9. ^ "Anglo - Definitions from Dictionary.com; American Heritage Dictionary". Lexico Publishing Group, LLC. Archived from the original on 15 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-29. "Usage Note: In contemporary American usage, Anglo is used primarily in direct contrast to Hispanic or Latino. In this context it is not limited to persons of English or even British descent, but can be generally applied to any non-Hispanic white person, making mother tongue (in this case English) the primary factor. Thus in parts of the United States such as the Southwest United States with large Hispanic populations, an American of Polish, Irish, or German heritage might be termed an Anglo just as readily as a person of English descent. However, in parts of the country where the Hispanic community is smaller or nonexistent, or in areas where ethnic distinctions among European groups remain strong, Anglo has little currency as a catch-all term for non-Hispanic whites. Anglo is also used in non-Hispanic contexts. In Canada, where its usage dates at least to 1800, the distinction is between persons of English and French descent. And in American historical contexts Anglo is apt to be used more strictly to refer to persons of English heritage, as in this passage describing the politics of nation-building in pre-Revolutionary America: "The 'unity' of the American people derived ... from the ability and willingness of an Anglo elite to stamp its image on other peoples coming to this country" (Benjamin Schwarz)." 
  10. ^ Recensement2006.ca
  11. ^ Gini index