Angolan Argentine

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Angolan Argentine
Angoleño-argentino, Angolano-argentino
Total population
10,000
Regions with significant populations
Buenos Aires and Greater Buenos Aires
Languages
Rioplatense Spanish · Portuguese
Religion
Roman Catholicism · Others
Related ethnic groups
Angolan people

An Angolan Argentine is an Argentine citizen of Angolan descent or an Angolan naturalised Argentine. Most of them arrived as slaves during the Spanish colonial period (16th–19th centuries). Currently, the Afro Argentine are 2% Argenine population, most of what are of Angolan partially descent.

History[edit]

Since the 15th century were exported groups of African slaves to Argentina. From the 16th century, most Africans brought to Argentina belonged to ethnic groups who speak Bantu languages, coming from the territories now comprising the Republic of Congo, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola and Mozambique. Many slaves of this countries were bought in Brasil, country in where most of the slaves were from these countries, especially from Angola. [1] In 1680–1777 came at least 40,000 slaves in the region, while among the latter date and 1812, when traffic was halted, some 70,000 were landed in Buenos Aires and Montevideo (that figure must be added another, unknown, admitted slave overland from Rio Grande do Sul). The 22 percent of which came directly from Africa came from Congo and Angola. Actually left many more but one in five, on average, died on boats.

Of the four ports of western central Africa where slaves were shipped, Loango, Cabinda, Luanda and Benguela, the last three belong today to Angola and they named several groups of slaves in colonial rioplatenses (the Benguela, the Cabinda etc.). These slaves were sold in ports, some were there and others were sent to the interior, where Cordoba, San Miguel de Tucuman and Salta were featured markets. Slaves worked on farms and ranches, were employed as domestic servants for wealthy families in cities or as workers in bakeries, mills, brick factories and workshops of artisans. Others were hired as laborers, earning a salary and give it to their masters, keeping one hand. That allowed them to save money to seek access to the most sought throughout his life: freedom. The getting those who could buy it or those who received their masters, usually when they were old.

After the Revolution of 1810 banned the slave trade and then sanctioned freedom of wombs, but not abolished slavery, as did leaders favor the right of ownership over freedom. With the Revolutionary War, slaves men were presented with an opportunity: those who entered the army had the promise of free exit to terminate service. Their participation was very important, particularly in the Army of the Andes, where they constituted the bulk of the infantry. This means that many Angolans were instrumental to ensure the independence of what became Argentina. In the colonial period, free blacks gathered in "nations" that grouped people who had been captured in the same region. In Buenos Aires protruded the slaves from the Congo and Angola. They met on Sundays in spaces called "bins" or "tangos", where they performed dances. After independence were replaced by "African Societies", controlled by the State, which raised funds to purchase the freedom of slaves, made loans, organized masses for the ancestors and performed dances that recreated the bonds of community. Among these societies, the Benguela, Angola and the Cabinda had Angolan origin.[2] Were thousands the Angolans arrived in Argentina.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.iai.spk-berlin.de/fileadmin/dokumentenbibliothek/Indiana/Indiana_9/IND_09_Freyre.pdf Africans and their influence on the population of Argentina. Posted by Julian Caceres Freyre.
  2. ^ http://www.pagina12.com.ar/diario/elpais/1-194569-2012-05-22.html Página 12: EL PAIS › SOBRE LAS RELACIONES ENTRE ARGENTINA Y ANGOLA. Los prejuicios de los civilizados (In Spanish:12: THE COUNTRY> ON RELATIONS BETWEEN ARGENTINA AND ANGOLA. The prejudices of the civilized). Posted by Gabriel Di Meglio
  3. ^ http://www.educar-argentina.com.ar/CORIA/coria2.htm Educar Argentina. Pasado y presente de los Negros en Buenos Aires (In Spanish: Past and present of Blacks in Buenos Aires). Buenos Aires, October 1997. Posted by JUAN CARLOS CORIA.