Angry Black Woman
The Angry Black Woman is a pervasive stereotype in the United States. In the 2011 book Sister Citizen: Shame, Stereotypes, and Black Women in America, Tulane University professor Melissa Harris-Perry suggests that anger is still one of the most ubiquitous stereotypes faced by black women in modern society. The Angry Black Woman is also known as the "Sapphire" or "Sassy Black Woman".
D.L. Hughley 2012 statement
I've never met an angrier group of people. Like black women are angry just in general. Angry all the time. My assessment, out of, just in my judgment, you either are in charge or they're in charge, so there's no kind of day that you get to rest.
Academic denial of behavioural differences
A 2009 academic paper in the publication Black Women, Gender + Families, made the argument that there were no significant anger differences between a sample group of Black Women used in the study and a control group. The paper then claimed that the study provided initial empirical evidence disconfirming the stereotype of the Angry Black Woman.
Portrayals in the media
- Erica Chito Childs (August 2005). "Looking behind the Stereotypes of the "Angry Black Woman": An Exploration of Black Women's Responses to Interracial Relationships". Gender and Society 19 (4): 544–561.
- Melissa Victoria Harris-Perry (2011). Sister Citizen: Shame, Stereotypes, and Black Women in America. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-16554-4.
- "An upside to the ‘angry black woman’ stereotype?", Washington Post, February 17, 2012.
- "D.L. Hughley: Tough Words On Politics And Women", NPR, October 25, 2012.
- "Debunking the Myth of the “Angry Black Woman”", J. Celeste Walley-Jean, Black Women, Gender + Families Vol. 3, No. 2 (FALL 2009), pp. 68-86.
- Naeemah Clark (November 10, 2013). "Find real African American women in a beauty salon, not on reality TV". Greensboro News & Record.