Anholt Offshore Wind Farm
|Anholt Offshore Wind Farm|
|Location||Kattegat near Norddjurs|
|Commission date||4 September 2013|
|Construction cost||10 billion Danish kroner|
|Max. water depth||14–17 m (46–56 ft)|
|Distance from shore||21 km (13 mi)|
|Make and model||Siemens Wind Power|
|Nameplate capacity||400 MW|
Anholt Offshore Wind Farm is a Danish offshore wind power wind farm in the Kattegat, between Djursland and Anholt island. With a nameplate capacity of 400 megawatts (MW), it is the third largest offshore wind farm in the world (along with BARD Offshore 1) and the largest in Denmark. A cable from the wind farm to Anholt will permit the replacement of most of the current diesel-powered electricity on the island.
The project was conceived in February 2008, as part of the Danish government's Energy Policy Agreement. DONG Energy was the only bidder for the project, and received the license to build it in 2010.
The wind farm costs an estimated 10 billion Danish kroner (€1.35 bn, US$1.65 bn). DONG has contracted with Siemens Wind Power to supply 111 3.6 MW wind turbines for the project, placed in 14 metres (46 ft) water depth. During operation, DONG will receive a feed-in tariff of 1.051 DKK/kW·h (17 US¢/kW·h) for the first 20 TW·h (about 12–13 years of production), whereas the 207 MW Rødsand 2 receives 0.629 DKK/kW·h for 10 TW·h. Newsmedia and politicians suggest a tight schedule with tough sanctions as reasons for the higher price.
The transformer platform increases voltage from 33 to 220 kV for transporting the alternating current power 25 kilometres (16 mi) to land through a single 3-conductor cable (diameter 26 cm or 10 in) and a further 56 km (35 mi) to Trige (near Aarhus) where a 400 kV main power hub can distribute the power.
The agreement requires first power to be produced before the end of 2012, and be fully commissioned before the end of 2013. In March 2011, DONG Energy sold 50% of the Anholt wind farm to a consortium consisting of PensionDanmark (30%) and PKA (Pensionskassernes Administration, 20%) for DKK 6 billion (US$1.14 billion) payable in 4 rates between 2011 and 2013.
Usually, turbines are placed in a grid pattern of lines and rows. But the turbines of AOWF are placed in an unusual pattern, governed by two principles: put most of them along the edges, and put most in undisturbed airflow from the main direction, which is West-southwest. This would increase production by 1.5%, a lifetime value of more than 100m DKK.
On 31 December 2011, the heavy lift vessel (HLV) Svanen placed the first foundation monopile.
Official construction of the wind farm started on 13 January 2012.
The first turbine was installed on 3 September and connected to the Danish power grid on 21 September.
In May 2013, AOWF became Denmark's largest wind farm when 59 turbines were grid connected, totalling 212MW and surpassing Horns Rev 2. The vessel Sea Installer managed to erect a complete tower (saving time), and installed a wind turbine in 7 hours.
On 19 May 2013, the installation vessel Sea Power erected the last of the 111 turbines at Anholt Offshore Wind Farm.
|Location and grid connection|
|Plug-in wind – from offshore wind turbine to consumer|
|Help for wind turbines|
|Race against time|
|Erecting monopile and turbine|
- "Djursland Anholt". 4C Offshore Limited. Retrieved 2010-06-23.
- Anholt offshore wind farm (in Danish) Danish Energy Agency. Accessed: 27 November 2010.
- Backwell, Ben (1 May 2009). "Denmark launches Anholt offshore wind farm tender". Recharge. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
- "Anholt - tender of 400MW". Danish Energy Agency. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
- Bjartnes, Anders (22 June 2010). "Dong gets green light for 400MW Anholt despite high prices". Recharge. Archived from the original on 28 June 2010. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
- van Loon, Jeremy (22 June 2010). "Siemens Wins 111 Offshore Wind-Turbine Order in Denmark From Dong Energy". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
- Hanne, Windemuller. Anholt Offshore Wind Farm will be the largest in Denmark Danish Energy Agency, 2 July 2010. Accessed: 27 November 2010.
- Pia C. Jensen & Steen Hartvig Jacobsen. "Wind turbines in Denmark", page 26. Danish Energy Agency, November 2009. Accessed: 4 September 2013.
- Jan Bjerre Lauridsen & Søren Andersen. "Queen says Good Wind to giant turbines" (in Danish) Berlingske, 4 September 2013. Accessed: 4 September 2013.
- Erik Holm & Sanne Wittrup. "We should learn from Anholt" (in Danish) Ingeniøren, 8 April 2010. Accessed: 4 September 2013.
- Kvarts, Thomas. About the seacable (in Danish) Energinet.dk. Accessed: 27 November 2010.
- Kvarts, Thomas. About the landcable (in Danish) Energinet.dk. Accessed: 27 November 2010.
- Damgaard, Poul. About the transformator platform (in Danish) Energinet.dk, 20 August 2010. Retrieved: 24 October 2010.
- Gaardestrup, Rikke Bille. Connection of offshore wind farm Anholt Energinet.dk, 30 November 2009. Retrieved: 24 October 2010.
- "PensionDanmark and PKA to become co-owners of Denmark's largest offshore wind". DONG Energy. 28 March 2011. Retrieved 30 March 2011.
- Pedersen, Lars Dalsgård. DONG sells half of Anholt wind farm Energy Supply, 28 March 2011. Accessed: 10 December 2011.
- Sanne Wittrup. "Bonus for new pattern of turbines" (in Danish) Ingeniøren, 2 May 2011. Accessed: 4 September 2013.
- "Anholt Offshore Wind Farm Newsletter, January 2012". DONG Energy. January 2012. Retrieved 16 January 2012.
- "Today we start construction of Anholt Offshore Wind Farm" (Press release). DONG Energy. 13 January 2012. Retrieved 16 January 2012.
- "First power from Anholt offshore wind farm" (Press release). DONG Energy. 21 September 2012. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
- "All turbines are erected at Anholt Offshore Wind Farm" (Press release). DONG Energy. 15 May 2013. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
- "All turbines at Anholt Offshore wind farm now operational" (Press release). DONG Energy. 20 June 2013. Retrieved 27 August 2013.
- Anholf Offshore wind farm in 4C Offshore Retrieved 27 August 2013
- "VIPs cut ribbon at 400MW Anholt" Recharge News, 4 September 2013. Accessed: 4 September 2013.