Anhumas is a Brazilian municipality in the southern region of the state of São Paulo. Situated at 422 m above sea level, Anhumas is 500 km from the city of São Paulo. It covers an area of 321.732 km², and as of the 2010 census had a population 3,738.
The beginnings of the town can be traced back to 1875 when the Sorocabana Railroad opened up the region bounded by the Anhumas, Paranapanema, Peixe, and Aguapeí rivers. Initially, it was only a tiny village serving two farms which between them covered 30,000 acres. With the influx of immigrants, Anhumas had grown to 120 households by 1928 with 500 farmers working the surrounding land which was planted with 4,000,000 coffee trees. At that time, the town was under the governance of the municipality of Presidente Prudente.
Until 1938, when the first wooden house was built, all the town's buildings were made from mudbricks, including its first chapel, which was built in 1921 and serviced by visiting priests. The town received its own parish and resident priest in 1936. The cornerstone for the parish church, dedicated to Santa Luzia, was laid in 1941. The church was completed in 1953, the same year in which Anhumas was granted status as an independent municipality.
Geography and demography
Anhumas lies in the Mata Atlântica, a biome with a subtropical climate and characterised by moist broadleaf forests. The population of Anhumas had reached its height in 1950 when the town had 8,843 inhabitants. However its population fell over the ensuing years. By 1960 the population was 6,668; by 1980 it was 3,242. The estimated population in 2013 was 3,941. Its economy remains largely agriculture-based.
- Official website (Portuguese)