Anicius Faustus Paulinus (consul 298)

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(Sextus or Marcus) Anicius Faustus Paulinus or Paulinianus[1][2] (c. 240 - aft. 300) was a Roman senator who was appointed consul in AD 298.

Biography[edit]

A member of the gens Anicia, Paulinus was possibly the son of Sextus Cocceius Anicius Faustus Paulinus, the Proconsular governor of Africa Proconsularis during the 260s, and grandson of Quintus Anicius Faustus Paulinus.[3] He was the patron of the town of Uzappa.[4]

If he is identified as the Faustus mentioned on the Great Altar of Hercules in Rome, he served as Praetor urbanus early in his career.[5] He was subsequently appointed suffect consul probably sometime during the AD 270s. He was then made consul posterior alongside Virius Gallus in AD 298. After serving as consul, he was appointed Praefectus Urbi of Rome, serving from AD 299 through until 1 March 300.[6]

It is postulated that Faustus married the noblewoman Amnia Demetrias,[7][page needed] with whom he probably had at least two sons: Amnius Anicius Julianus, Consul of Rome in 322 and Sextus Anicius Faustus Paulinus, the Roman consul of AD 325.[8]

Political offices
Preceded by
Uncertain
Consul suffectus of the Roman Empire
between AD 270-280
Succeeded by
Uncertain
Preceded by
Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus V
Gaius Galerius Valerius Maximianus II
Consul of the Roman Empire
298
with Virius Gallus
Succeeded by
Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus VII
Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus VI

Sources[edit]

  • Chastagnol, Andre, Les Fastes de la Prefecture de Rome au Bas-Empire (1962)
  • Martindale, J. R.; Jones, A. H. M, The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, Vol. I AD 260-395, Cambridge University Press (1971)

Oxyrhynchus Papyrus P.Mich 9 547, a receipt for hire of a whipbearer. It names Anicius Faustus (and Virius Gallus)as current Consuls, and is dated to the day, September 6 298 (15th and 14th and 7th year of our lords Diocletian and Maximian, Augusti, and Constantius and Maximian, distinguished Caesars, in the consulship of Anicius Faustus and Virius Gallus, Thoth 9)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Martindale & Jones, pgs. 329 and 676
  2. ^ The praenomen Sextus is assumed. It has also been postulated that this Anicius Faustus’ full name was Marcus Junius Caesonius Nicomachus Anicius Faustus Paulinus – see Torres, Milton Luiz Christian Burial Practices at Ostia Antica: Backgrounds and Contexts with a Case Study of the Pianabella Basilica (2007), pg. 118, note 419, and Chastagnol, pgs. 31-33
  3. ^ Martindale & Jones, pgs. 680-681
  4. ^ Martindale & Jones, pg. 676
  5. ^ Chastagnol, pg. 32
  6. ^ Chastagnol, pg. 33
  7. ^ Christian Settipani, Continuite Gentilice et Continuite Familiale Dans Les Familles Senatoriales Romaines, A L'Epoque Imperiale, Mythe et Realite, Linacre, UK: Prosopographica et Genealogica, 2000. ILL. NYPL ASY (Rome) 03-983
  8. ^ Martindale & Jones, pg. 329; Chastagnol, pg. 31