Animorphs

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Or see Anamorph (disambiguation).
Animorphs
The Invasion Front Cover.jpg
The original cover of the first book in the series, The Invasion.[1]
Author K. A. Applegate
Country United States
Language English
Genre Science fiction
Fantasy
Thriller
Publisher Scholastic Publishing
Published June 1996–May 2001 (original run)
May 2011–September 2012 (re-issue)
Media type Print (hardcover and paperback)
Audiobook

Animorphs is an English language science fiction series of young adult books written by K. A. Applegate and published by Scholastic.[2] It is told in first person, with all 6 main characters taking turns narrating the books through their own perspectives. Horror, war, dehumanization, sanity, morality, innocence, leadership, freedom, and growing up are the core motifs of the series.

Published between June 1996 and May 2001, the series consisted of 54 books and includes ten companion books, eight of which fit into the series' continuity (the Animorphs Chronicles and Megamorphs books) and two that are gamebooks not fitting into the continuity (the Alternamorphs books). The series was originally conceived as a three-part series called The Changelings, in which Jake is named Matt, and his little brother Joseph takes the place of Cassie.[3]

Plot summary[edit]

The story revolves around five humans, Jake, Marco, Cassie, Rachel, and Tobias, and one alien, Aximili-Esgarrouth-Isthill (nicknamed Ax), who obtain the ability to morph into any animal they touch. Naming themselves "Animorphs" (a portmanteau of "animal morphers")[4] they use their ability to battle a secret alien infiltration of Earth by a race called the Yeerks. The Yeerks are a parasitic race of aliens resembling large slugs that take humans as a host via entering and merging with their brain through the ear canal. The Animorphs fight as a guerilla force against the Yeerks, led by Visser Three, and their progress to take over the human race. Morphing into animals allows them to battle the various armies of aliens that the Yeerks use, but it also protects their identities. As far as the Yeerks know, only Andalites like Ax have the ability to morph, and if they knew that the Animorphs were mostly human they would be able to easily find out who they are. Protecting their identities becomes more and more difficult as the series goes on because though someone with the ability to morph can change into any animal that they touch, they can only stay in a morph for two hours or they will permanently become that animal. Throughout the series, we see how the war affects the characters in different ways, mentally and physically.

Development[edit]

In an interview with Publishers Weekly, Applegate talked about the source of inspiration and realization for the Animorphs series: "I grew up loving animals and lived with the usual suburban menagerie of dogs, cats and gerbils," she said, "I really wanted to find a way to get kids into the heads of various species and decided that a science-fiction premise was the way to do this." Applegate tried to accurately depict the various animals, and did research such as visiting "a raptor center where they rehabilitate injured birds".[5] "When Tobias becomes a hawk, I want the reader to see the world as a hawk might see it — to soar on the warm breezes and hurtle toward the ground to make a kill," she said.[5]

To develop the characters for Animorphs, Applegate would go through teenage magazines such as YM and Seventeen (both of which are referenced in the books when describing Rachel), cutting out pictures and piecing them together to get an idea of what sort of kids the Animorphs would look like. Applegate stated in an interview online[6] that many of the names for her alien creatures, races, and locations are actually scrambled names of local street signs or companies that she happens to notice. For instance, the word nothlit was derived from the hotel name Hilton. According to the Anibase, Applegate did not make up the titles for the Animorphs books: it was up to the Scholastic editors to create the titles for the books based on the outlines provided by the author, having to select a word that not only fit the book's storyline, but sounded good with the characteristic "The" preface. One of the author's favorite books, The Lord of the Rings, lent several words and images to Animorphs: the elvish word for Orc, "yrch", became Yeerk; the flaming red Eye of Sauron inspired the Crayak, and Ax's middle name, "Esgarrouth", is based on a town in the books called Esgaroth. The human name of Ax's brother, Elfangor, is Alan Fangor and his last name is in reference to the Fangor region or Fangorn Forest. Also there was a minor reference to Gondor, in the form of a fictional company named "Gondor Industries" in the 14th book. (It may also be significant that Visser Three's host is named Alloran, a rough homonym of Gandalf's Valinorean name "Olórin", and that one of the minor alien races is called "the Five", which is also a term used in The Lord of the Rings for the Istari.) Applegate's writing was inspired by her family. All books after The Unknown were dedicated to Applegate's son, Jake, as well as her husband and co-writer, Michael. Her son was born premature in 1997, and she worked on the Animorphs series at night, in the lobby of the hospital where he was in Neonatal Intensive Care (NIC).

Characters[edit]

The names given here are the ones used throughout the majority of the series; in the last few books, some character's full names are revealed.

Animorphs[edit]

  • Jake
Jake is the leader of Animorphs. He was reluctant to take the role at first, but quickly changed his mind when he found out that his older brother Tom has been infested by a Yeerk. He is Rachel's cousin. He is also best friends with Marco since early childhood, and he is romantically involved with Cassie.
  • Marco
Marco is the comic relief character in the series. He was also the one who coined the term "Animorphs", and he has a good sense of strategy. Marco lives with his father, who is depressed over his wife's death in a boating accident. Marco later learns that his mother was actually made a host by the Yeerks.
  • Tobias
Tobias has low self-esteem and was often bullied in school before becoming an Animorph. His parents were believed to be dead, and he lived with his aunt and uncle. Tobias was trapped in a red-tailed hawk body in the first book and he stays as a hawk throughout the series, although he eventually regains the ability to morph, including the ability to morph back into his human form. He has a romantic relationship with Rachel, and he admires Jake because he once stopped some bullies from sticking his head in the toilet.
  • Cassie
Cassie lives on a farm with her parents, who are both veterinarians. She is the most knowledgeable about animals and she is also an environmentalist. She is best friends with Rachel, although their personality and style are polar opposites. Cassie maintains a casual romantic relationship with Jake throughout the series although they end up parting ways.
  • Rachel
Rachel has the most bloodthirsty nature in the group, earning her the nickname of "Xena, Warrior Princess". She is also good in gymnastics and has a lingering obsession with fashion. She is Jake's cousin and is Cassie's best friend, although her warrior nature often conflicts with Cassie's pacifist attitude. She is romantically involved with Tobias. She is killed in the end of the series.
  • Aximili-Esgarrouth-Isthill
The other animorphs call him Ax because they claim it difficult to pronounce his full name. Ax is an alien, an Andalite who crash landed on earth. He is the younger brother of Elfangor, who gave the Animorphs their morphing ability. He considers Jake his prince and he has a strong friendship with Tobias, especially after discovering that Tobias is the son of his older brother Elfangor's human form.

Other main characters[edit]

  • Ellimist
A seemingly all powerful being who occasionally helps the Animorphs in indirect ways. He refrains from direct involvement to avoid antagonizing his arch enemy Crayak because combat between the two of them causes destruction on a galactic scale. He subtly orchestrated many of the key events of the series.
  • Crayak
The arch Enemy of the Ellimist who seeks absolute control over all intelligent life. He develops a personal vendetta against Jake after Jake ruins his soldier species the Howlers.

Secondary characters[edit]

  • Aldrea-Iskillion-Falan - Aldrea is the daughter of Prince Seerow, a main character in Animorphs 34: The Prophecy and the heroine in The Hork-Bajir Chronicles. She has a strong personality mixed with a desire to do the right thing, not necessarily what is easy.
  • Alloran-Semitur-Corrass - Host body of Visser Three
  • Auxiliary Animorphs
  • David - A boy who joins the group after learning their secret. The Animorphs trust him at first, giving him the ability to morph and fight with them rather than kill him, but he betrays them. Ultimately, they trick him into morphing into a mouse and trap him permanently in the morph and leave him stranded on an island. He returns later in the series, eventually asking Rachel to kill him. The book is not clear on whether this happens so David's fate is unclear.
  • Drode - The Drode is an alien creature, described as being similar to a very dark purple dinosaur with wrinkled, pruny skin, and an oddly humanoid face. Little is known of the Drode, but it serves Crayak.
  • Elfangor-Sirinial-Shamtul - Elfangor is of an alien race known as the Andalites. His adventures are highlighted in the book called The Andalite Chronicles, which takes place before the main Animorphs series.
  • Erek King - Erek King is a member of the Chee, a pacifistic android race created by the Pemalites. After the destruction of the Pemalites at the hands of the Howlers, Erek, along with the rest of the Chee, escaped to Earth, and has lived there for thousands of years, using incredibly advanced holographic technology to pass as human.
  • Toby Hamee - leader of the Free Hork-Bajirs on Earth
  • Visser Three - Visser Three, born as Esplin 9466 Primary and later known as Visser One, is the leader of the Yeerk forces on Earth, having inherited the planet from Edriss 562, who was Visser One at the time. Sadistic and cruel, with a penchant for torture, he mainly inhabits the body of an Andalite (Alloran-Semitur-Corrass) during the whole series.[7]
  • Jara Hamee - Toby's father
  • Ket Halpak - Toby's mother
  • Tom Berenson - Jake's older brother, a Controller
  • Hedrick Chapman - Vice-principal of the Animorphs' school and a Controller
  • Yeerks, the main antagonists, described as small slug-like parasites that enter various organisms' brains to control their behavior.
  • Edriss 562 - Edriss 562 is a Yeerk that controls Marco's mother Eva. For most of the series, her rank is Visser One. She is the subject of the novel Visser, which describes her rise to and dramatic fall from power. She is the highest ranking of all the Yeerks in their military, and is only surpassed in importance by the Council of Thirteen.

Characters' age[edit]

Throughout the publication of the series, there was some dispute about the exact ages of the Animorphs at the time they obtained the ability to morph. However, with the help of various hints in the course of the series, many fans guessed their ages to be approximately 13-14 (with 13 being the more likely) at the start. For example, at the beginning of the first book, The Invasion, Jake mentions having tried out for his junior high basketball team and not making the team; this puts Jake, Cassie, Marco, Rachel, and Tobias, at the very least, around the age of 11-14 as junior high (or middle school) in the United States is generally grade 6-8. However, as Marco describes them as "idiot teenagers with a death wish" in the first book, it's very likely that some or most of them are older than 12. This is also supported in book two, The Visitor, when Rachel looks at a photo "taken a couple of years ago" of her and Melissa Chapman, taken on Melissa's "twelfth birthday, or some birthday". Although Rachel cannot remember what birthday it was, this supports the idea that the Animorphs are 13 or 14. In #22 The Solution, Rachel states that Jake is "not even in high school." This suggests that none of the characters are because they eat lunch together in school earlier in that book. And in #41: The Familiar, Jake wakes up one morning as a 25-year-old, and in the preview for that book in the previous one, it says he sleeps for a decade, suggesting his age was 15 before his journey into the future.

The publication of book #53 offered a definite answer to the question of age. Jake says outright at the start of chapter 2 in #53 that he is 16, started the war when he was 13, and has been fighting the war for over three years. Marco also states in chapter 8 of book #54 that Jake is sixteen. Throughout the course of book #54, 2 or 3 more years passed. Cassie mentions that she is 19 in her final scene of book #54, although the other characters' ages are never explicitly confirmed. In the end, the characters are either 19 or 20 years old depending on how long they had been in space just before the series' conclusion.

Publication[edit]

Each book in the series revolved around a given event during the war waged between the Animorphs and the invading Yeerks, the first book detailing how the Animorphs came to have their power. Within a year and a half after the first book was published, the series had close to ten million copies in print, with Scholastic claiming a "stronger initial sell-in," than any of its other series up to that time.[8] The series debut was preceded by a large marketing campaign which included posters on buildings, giveaway items in bookstores, and ads on Nickelodeon TV.[8]

American editions[edit]

In the United States, the books were most popular as A5-sized paperback volumes, and were usually between 150 and 200 pages long, divided into just under thirty chapters.

The first-page illustration of the first book in the series, The Invasion.

The front covers featured images of the narrating Animorph undergoing the various stages of one of the morphs from the story, with a few exceptions (noted in each book's article). Behind the morphing character were images of clouds and skies, which became more colorful and elaborate as the series progressed. All the covers of the regular series books had a small cutout over part of the full morph's anatomy, revealing a computer-generated illustration on the first page, which was printed on glossy paper. The illustration shared the image of the full morph with the front cover, but placed within an environment from the story. The book spines repeated the narrating character's face from the front cover, and the spine color changed with every new episode, resulting in a very colorful collection when viewed from any angle. A small excerpt from one of the book's chapters was printed on the inside of every front cover.

As of the eighth book, The Alien, the Animorphs logo, the author's name, and the book's title were printed in glossy, metallic-look ink, rather than the flat colors that had been used for the first seven books. In addition, the author's name and book title were surrounded by solid black rectangles. The majority of the books in the series were printed only in "metallic-ink editions". All further reprintings of the first seven books had this treatment applied to them as well.

The back cover of the first book in the series, The Invasion.

The books in the series' final arc, beginning with the 45th book, The Revelation had yet another treatment applied to the cover, a variation on the new metallic style; the change affected only the main 'Animorphs' logo: instead of consisting of white letters superimposed on a metallic, colored background, the last ten books featured a logo with colored letters over a dark grey background, in contrast with the white logo background from the series' "opening arc". The final book, #54 The Beginning had a unique cover style, with the logo consisting of a glowing outline.

Every book featured an introduction to the series on the back cover, in the voice of Jake, one of the Animorphs.

We can't tell you who we are. Or where we live. It's too risky, and we've got to be careful. Really careful. So we don't trust anyone. Because if they find us... well, we just won't let them find us..

The thing you should know is that everyone is in really big trouble. Yeah. Even you.

As of book 51, The Absolute, the introduction read as follows:

Here's the deal these days: They know exactly who we are. They know exactly where we live. We've got a few secrets left, and we're gonna use them. But just know that the end is coming. And we don't know how much longer we can do this. How much longer can we fight.

What about you? Where will you be when it ends? Think about it. Think hard. Because the countdown has already begun...

In addition to this text, each book also carried an introduction, or teaser of sorts, to its own storyline.

Another interesting feature of the books was a flipbook composed of the bottom right-hand corners of all of the book's pages. A step of the cover morph was printed on each page, less than an inch tall, in black-and-white. When the pages were flipped from front to back, the narrating Animorph could be seen morphing into the animal.

International editions[edit]

The Animorphs series was printed in over twenty-five languages and other English-language markets, and the books in those countries sometimes had different designs, layouts, cover quotes, and even different cover morphs, as is the case for the fifth book, The Predator, whose UK edition showed Marco morphing into a lobster, in contrast to the American edition's gorilla morph. Japanese-language covers were hand-drawn; The Invasion showed Jake morphing into his dog Homer, a morph that was featured on the cover of The Threat in the American editions. Gallimard Jeunesse is the French publisher and Tammi is the Finnish publisher. The German publisher, Ravensburger, has also published some of the volumes as audio plays.

Animorph Classics[edit]

The new cover for The Invasion.

In 2010, Scholastic announced plans to re-release the series with new lenticular covers and updated pop culture references. The re-release lasted from May 2011 to September 2012, but ended after The Alien due to tepid sales.[9]

Ghostwriters[edit]

Many of the novels from the #25-#52 range were written by ghostwriters. Typically, K. A. Applegate would write a detailed outline for each book, and a ghostwriter, usually one of Applegate's former editors or writing protégés, would spend a month or two writing the actual novel. After this, Applegate, and later her series editor, Tonya Alicia Martin, would edit the book to make it fit in with the series' tight continuity. Ghostwriters are credited for their help in the book's dedication page: "The author would like to thank [ghostwriter name] for his/her help in preparing this manuscript."

The only books in this range fully written by Applegate herself after #26: The Attack are #32: The Separation, #53: The Answer, #54: The Beginning and all of the Megamorphs and Chronicles books.

The following books in the series were ghostwritten:[10]

Applegate originally intended to write every Animorphs book herself. However, due to many contributing factors—such as the birth of her son and the difficulties involved in writing Everworld (which was originally intended to be mostly ghostwritten, like Applegate's third Scholastic series Remnants), she ended up having a large number of the books ghostwritten.

Toys[edit]

The Animorphs toy line was introduced in 1999 by Hasbro. They were marketed as part of the Transformers series, despite there being no in-universe connection between the two franchises. However, the Animorphs toys were commercially unsuccessful and the toy line was soon cancelled. After the cancellation, several toys planned to be part of the Animorphs line were slightly remodeled and released as part of the Mutant Beast Wars line.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Animorphs Animorpography: The Invasion". Scholastic. 2008-09-27. Archived from the original on 29 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  2. ^ Animorph's reference page
  3. ^ "Katherine (Alice) (K. A. Applegate) Applegate (1956–) Biography - Personal, Addresses, Career, Writings, Adaptations, Work in Progress, Sidelights - York, Scholastic, Series, and Animorphs - JRank Articles". Biography.jrank.org. Retrieved 2012-11-26. 
  4. ^ Animorphs: "The Invasion"
  5. ^ a b "Author: K. A. Applegate". Kidsreads.com. Archived from the original on 10 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-18. 
  6. ^ "Internet Archive Wayback Machine". Web.archive.org. 1999-04-20. Retrieved 2012-11-26. 
  7. ^ Applegate, Katherine A. The Hork Bajir Chronicles. United States: Scholastic, 1998. Print.
  8. ^ a b Lodge, Sally (1997-11-03). "Scholastic's Animorphs Series Has Legs". Publishers Weekly 244 (45): 36–38. ISSN 0000-0019. 
  9. ^ "Scholastic to Re-Launch the Wildly Popular Animorphs Books by Bestselling Author K.A. Applegate in May 2011". Retrieved 10 May 2012. 
  10. ^ "IAm K.A. Applegate, author of Animorphs and many other books. AMA : IAmA". Reddit.com. 2011-04-28. Retrieved 2012-11-26. 

External links[edit]