Anizy-le-Château

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Anizy-le-Château
The Commune church
The Commune church
Coat of arms of Anizy-le-Château
Coat of arms
Anizy-le-Château is located in France
Anizy-le-Château
Anizy-le-Château
Coordinates: 49°30′24″N 3°27′05″E / 49.5067°N 3.4514°E / 49.5067; 3.4514Coordinates: 49°30′24″N 3°27′05″E / 49.5067°N 3.4514°E / 49.5067; 3.4514
Country France
Region Picardy
Department Aisne
Arrondissement Laon
Canton Anizy-le-Château
Intercommunality Vallons d'Anizy
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Fabrice Langlet
Area
 • Land1 9.49 km2 (3.66 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Population2 1,895
 • Population2 density 200/km2 (520/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 02018 / 02320
Elevation 52–166 m (171–545 ft)
(avg. 70 m or 230 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Anizy-le-Château is a French commune in the department of Aisne in the Picardy region of northern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aniziens or Aniziennes[1]

Geography[edit]

Anizy-le-Chateau is located some 40 km south by south-east of Saint Quentin and 20 km south-west of Laon. The commune is accessed by the D5 road from Chivy-les-Etouvelles which passes west through the village then continues north through Brancourt-en-Laonnois. The D14 road comes from Pinon in the south in a north-west direction intersecting the D5 west of the village. Also from Pinon is the D26 which runs north directly to the village. The D265 also comes from Wissignicourt in the north and the D26 runs north-east from the village to Faucoucourt.

The village itself covers a substantial portion of the commune with the rest being farmland and a large forest in the south-west.

The Ailette flows along the southern border of the commune to the west and parallel to the Canal de l'Oise à l'Aisne. The Ru du Bordet flows south-west through the commune from Brancourt-en-Laonnois to the Ailette river. There is a network of ponds and reservoirs in the south-east of the commune near the river. The Fosse du Marais forms part of the eastern border of the commune and also flows into the Ailette.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

The commune was given by Clovis I to Saint Remi who in turn gave it to the Bishop of Laon. The Countship was created in 1397 by Charles VI in favour of Jean de Roucy, the Bishop of Laon. These bishops built a mighty castle which was rebuilt in the 16th century by the Cardinal de Bourbon and rebuilt again in the 18th century by de Rochechouart who also paved the town.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Anizy-le-Château

Blazon:
Azure, Semé-de-lis of Or with a crozier in gules surmounted in chief by a small inescutcheon azure with a fleur de lys of Or, 2 keys azure in saltire over all.




Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors of Anizy-le-Château

From To Name Party Position
2001 2008 Michel Reb PS Retired Vetterinarian
2008 2014 Fabrice Langlet

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010, the commune had 1,895 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1] [Note 2]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
1,017 977 1,008 1,043 1,001 1,073 1,044 1,113 1,150
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
998 1,030 1,116 1,084 1,127 1,217 1,140 1,100 1,108
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
1,106 1,130 1,086 694 886 1,013 1,030 996 1,164
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2008 2010
1,526 1,713 1,788 1,926 1,896 1,903 1,900 1,899 1,895

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Anizy-le-Château

Sites and Monuments[edit]

The commune church contains the tombstone of Claude Allongé[3] This sculpture has been classified as a historical monument since 1724.[4]

Notable People linked to the commune[edit]

Works by Albert-Ernest Carrier-Belleuse

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
  2. ^ In the census table and the graph, by convention in Wikipedia, and to allow a fair comparison between five yearly censuses, the principle has been retained for subsequent legal populations since 1999 displayed in the census table and the graph that shows populations for the years 2006, 2011, 2016, etc., as well as the latest legal population published by INSEE

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Aisne (French)
  2. ^ a b Google Maps
  3. ^ Count of Anizy, recipient of the episcopate, died in 1724.
  4. ^ French Ministry of Culture Notice PM02000025 Sculpture (French)