Anjō, Aichi

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Anjō
安城市
City
Flag of Anjō
Flag
Location of Anjō in Aichi Prefecture
Location of Anjō in Aichi Prefecture
Anjō is located in Japan
Anjō
Anjō
 
Coordinates: 34°58′N 137°5′E / 34.967°N 137.083°E / 34.967; 137.083Coordinates: 34°58′N 137°5′E / 34.967°N 137.083°E / 34.967; 137.083
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Tōkai)
Prefecture Aichi Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Gaku Kamiya
Area
 • Total 86.01 km2 (33.21 sq mi)
Elevation 10 m (30 ft)
Population (August 2011)
 • Total 179,614
 • Density 2,090/km2 (5,400/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Japanese Black Pine
- Flower Scarlet Sage
Phone number 0566-76-1111
Address 18-23 Sakuramachi, Anjō-shi, Aichi-ken 446-8501
Website www.city.anjo.aichi.jp
Cyling Road from Anjō to Toyota

Anjō (安城市 Anjō-shi?) is a city in Aichi Prefecture, Japan.

As of August 2011, the city has an estimated population of 179,614 and a population density of 2,090 persons per km². The total area is 86.01 km².

Geography[edit]

Anjō is situated in southern Aichi Prefecture, approximately 30 kilometres (19 mi) from central Nagoya.

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

History[edit]

The area of present-day Anjō has been continuously occupied since preshistoric times. Archaeologists have found numerous remains from the Japanese Paleolithic period and burial mounds from the Kofun period. During the Nara period, the area was assigned to ancient Hekikai County, and was divided into several shōen during the Heian period, largely under the control of the Fujiwara clan or the Taira clan. However, in the Kamakura period, parts of the territory came under the control of the Jōdo Shinshū sect, who challenged the secular authority of the various samurai clans, most notably the Matsudaira clan. During the Sengoku period, numerous fortifications were erected in the area. Tokugawa Ieyasu unified the region and destroyed the power of the Jōdo Shinshū sect in the Battle of Azukizaka (1564). During the Edo period, half of present-day Anjō was controlled by Okazaki Domain and the other half by Kariya Domain with some scattered portions of tenryō territory ruled directly by the Tokugawa shogunate in between.

At the start of the Meiji period, on October 1, 1889 Anjō was a collection of villages within Hekikai District, Aichi Prefecture. It was elevated to town status on May 1, 1906. The opening of the Meiji Irrigation Canal transformed the area in the 1920s and 1930s into one of the most agriculturally productive regions of the period, sparking the comparison with Denmark, then regarded the most highly advanced agricultural nation in the world.[1] This led to Anjō's moniker of "Japan's Denmark" (日本デンマーク?), which remains in the form of Den Park, a Danish theme park, as well as Den Beer, a microbrew available in the park.

Anjō was elevated to city status on May 3, 1952. On April 1, 1967, it annexed the neighboring town of Sakura.

Economy[edit]

Anjō is a regional commercial center with a mixed economy of manufacturing and agriculture. Due to its proximity to the various factories of Toyota in neighboring Toyota City, Anjō is host to many factories supplying components into the automobile industry. The famous Japanese power tool company Makita was founded in Anjō, 1915. In addition to rice, wheat, and soybeans, notable agricultural products include figs, Japanese pears, and cucumbers.

Education[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

The Tōkaidō Shinkansen stops at Mikawa-Anjō Station, but Anjō Station on the Tōkaidō Main Line and Shin-Anjō Station on the Meitetsu Nagoya Main Line and Nishio Line serve the commercial center of the city.

Highway[edit]

National Route 1 and National Route 23 provide the main east-west access through the city, with Aichi Prefectural Route 48 running between the two.

Local attractions[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Notable people from Anjō[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]