Side view of Anjaneyasana
|Meaning||Anjaneya: "Son of Anjani"
|dṛṣṭi (eye focus)||Hastagrahe dṛṣṭi (to palm)|
|Asana type||Standing Asanas|
|Muscles stretched||iliopsoas, quadriceps (mainly rectus femoris), gluteus maximus|
|Muscles working||Legs: gluteus medius, gluteus minimus adductor magnus, adductor longus, adductor brevis, gracilis, pectineus
Arms & Shoulders: (with arms abducted) deltoids, triceps, trapezius, rhomboid and latissimus dorsi.
|Joint actions||hip flexion, opposite side hip extension, hip adduction, spinal extension, shoulder abduction|
Anjaneyāsana is a yoga asana. The name Anjaneya is a matronymic for Hanuman whose mother's name is Anjani. Hanuman is a central figure in the epic Rāmāyaṇa and an important Iṣṭa-devatā in devotional worship. In non-devotional and English language settings the pose is frequently referred to as crescent pose for its shape.
- Starting from a lunge, bring down the back knee.
- Raise the arms forwards and up.
- The same as version 1, but with the back knee elevated and extended with back foot in dorsiflexion (toes tucked, heel lifted).
Use of bandhas increase the stability of the body in this asana. Both mula bandha (root lock) and uddiyana bandha (abdominal lock) may be engaged. This combination creates an axial extension in the spine which assists in supporting in the torso as the chest is brought up and back. A "sternal crunch" can be substituted for the bandhas here, also creating axial extension and helping draw the psoas major into a deeper stretch.
Arm position may be on the ground as in Surya Namaskar
Arms may be crossed in front, or bound behind the back. The pose is often turned into a twist parivṛtta anjaneyasana.
- Stretches the hip flexors namely the iliopsoas, rectus femoris and sartorius.
- Releases tension in the rear of the hips (glutes, piriformis) which may relieve sciatica.
- Strengthens supporting muscles for the knees.
- Builds mental focus.
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