Anjaw district

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Anjaw district
District of Arunachal Pradesh
Location of Anjaw district in Arunachal Pradesh
Location of Anjaw district in Arunachal Pradesh
Country India
State Arunachal Pradesh
Headquarters Hawai, Arunachal Pradesh
Area
 • Total 6,190 km2 (2,390 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 21,089[1] (2,011)
Demographics
 • Literacy 59.4%[1]
 • Sex ratio 805[1]
Website Official website
Landscape of Anjaw

Anjaw District (Pron:/ˈændʒɔ:/) is an administrative district in the state of Arunachal Pradesh in north-east India. It is a newly created district, having been split from Lohit district on 16 February 2004 under the Arunachal Pradesh Re-organization of Districts Amendment Bill.[2] The district borders China on the north. Hawai, at an altitude of 1296 m above sea level, is the district headquarters, located on the banks of the Lohit River, a tributary of the Brahmaputra River. It is the easternmost district in India.[3] The easternmost community in Anjaw is the village of Dong.[4]

Anjaw is the second least populous district in India (out of 640).[5]

Geography[edit]

Rivers[edit]

The main rivers are the following:[3]

Transport[edit]

The 2,000-kilometre-long (1,200 mi) proposed Mago-Thingbu to Vijaynagar Arunachal Pradesh Frontier Highway along the McMahon Line,[6][7][8][9] (will intersect with the proposed East-West Industrial Corridor Highway) and will pass through this district, alignment map of which can be seen here and here.[10]


Economy[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

The main crops are maize, millet, rice, beans, cardamom, orange, pears, plum, and apple.[11]

Divisions[edit]

There is one Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly constituency located in this district: Hayuliang. It is part of the Arunachal East Lok Sabha constituency.[12]

The district has seven administrative units:

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Anjaw district has a population of 21,089,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Palau.[13] This gives it a ranking of 639th in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 3 inhabitants per square kilometre (7.8/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 13.77%.[1] Anjaw has a sex ratio of 805 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 59.4%.[1]

Tribes[edit]

The Mishmi, and the Zakhring[14] (formerly called Meyor) are the main tribes in the district.

Flora and fauna[edit]

The district is rich in wildlife. Rare mammals such as Mishmi takin, Red goral, Gongshan muntjac, Leaf muntjac occurs while among birds there is the rare Sclater's Monal. A pine, Pinus merkusii is found only in this district in the entire northeastern India.[15] A flying squirrel, new to science has also its range in this district. It has been named as Mishmi Hills Giant Flying Squirrel, Petaurista mishmiensis.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 
  2. ^ Law, Gwillim (25 September 2011). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11. 
  3. ^ a b "Anjaw District". Archived from the original on 14 November 2006. Retrieved 2006-10-27. 
  4. ^ *Gokhale, Nitin A. (20 August 2001). "Dong". Outlook India. Retrieved 2012-12-16. 
  5. ^ "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  6. ^ "Top officials to meet to expedite road building along China border". Dipak Kumar Dash. timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  7. ^ "Narendra Modi government to provide funds for restoration of damaged highways". http://www.dnaindia.com. Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  8. ^ "Indian Government Plans Highway Along Disputed China Border". Ankit Panda. thediplomat.com. Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  9. ^ "Govt planning road along McMohan line in Arunachal Pradesh: Kiren Rijiju". Live Mint. Retrieved 2014-10-26. 
  10. ^ "China warns India against paving road in Arunachal". Ajay Banerjee. tribuneindia.com. Retrieved 2014-10-26. 
  11. ^ "Anjaw". indiangos.com. Archived from the original on 12 March 2007. Retrieved 2006-10-27. 
  12. ^ "Assembly Constituencies allocation w.r.t District and Parliamentary Constituencies". Chief Electoral Officer, Arunachal Pradesh website. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  13. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Palau 20,956 July 2011 est. 
  14. ^ "Zakhring". Ethnologue.com. Archived from the original on 11 November 2006. Retrieved 2006-10-27. 
  15. ^ Choudhury, Anwaruddin (2008) Survey of mammals and birds in Dihang-Dibang biosphere reserve, Arunachal Pradesh. Final report to Ministry of Environment & Forests, Government of India. The Rhino Foundation for nature in NE India, Guwahati, India. 70pp.
  16. ^ Choudhury,Anwaruddin (2009). One more new flying squirrel of the genus Petaurista Link, 1795 from Arunachal Pradesh in north-east India. The Newsletter and Journal of the RhinoFoundation for nat. in NE India 8: 26–34, plates.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 27°55′30″N 96°20′53″E / 27.92500°N 96.34806°E / 27.92500; 96.34806