The airline was established as World Focus Airlines on 27 September 2005, beginning operations with 2 Airbus A310aircraft. Due to negative publicity after the crash of Atlasjet Flight 4203 on 30 November 2007, which was operated by World Focus Airlines, the company changed its name to Anka Air and branding to Ankair in February 2008. Anka is in reference to the Turkish word for phoenix, anka kuşu.
In July 2008, the airline was forced to suspend operations after it lost its operating certificate. Turkish aviation regulations require a minimum of three aircraft per carrier to retain an air operator certificate and Ankair only operated two MD-83s.