Ankara Central railway station

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Ankara Garı
TCDD
Ankara Train Station.JPG
Station statistics
Coordinates 39°56′11″N 32°50′38″E / 39.936395°N 32.843817°E / 39.936395; 32.843817
Line(s) Yüksek Hızlı Tren
Fatih Express
Ankara Express
Anatolia Express
Boğaziçi Express
Karesi Express
İzmir Blue Train
Çukurova Blue Train
Eastern Express
Van Lake Express
Southern Express
Connections EGO Bus, ANKARAY
Structure type At-grade
Platforms 6
Tracks 8
Parking Yes
Baggage check Available for Karesi Express, İzmir Blue Train, Çukurova Blue Train, Eastern Express, Van Lake Express, Southern Express and Trans-Asia Express
Other information
Opened 1892
Rebuilt 1937
Electrified 1972 (25 kV AC)
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Station code 2503
Owned by Turkish State Railways

The Ankara Central Station (Turkish: Ankara Garı) is the central train station in Ankara. The station is the busiest in Turkey, serving 181 trains daily.[1] It is a major hub for inbound and outbound trains. There is an Ankara Metro station at its vicinity. The Ankara Central Station is situated at the end of the Istanbul-Ankara rail corridor and is the eastern terminus of the Ankara-Istanbul high-speed railway. Designed in the Art Deco style, the current terminal building was inaugurated in 1937.

History[edit]

Ottoman Empire period (1892-1922)[edit]

The original builder of the station was the Chemins de Fer Ottomans d'Anatolie (CFOA). The original station was built in 1892 by the CFOA as the eastern terminus of the railway. The original station was a small building with just one platform. The first passenger train was a daily service from Ankara to Istanbul. The station did not see much traffic, like the CFOA Eskişehir-Konya line, because Ankara was not an economically important city at the time. CFOA intended to continue the line east towards Kayseri, but they only built a narrow gauge line to Irmak.[2] When World War I broke out in 1914, the CFOA played a major role in transporting troops. Therefore, between 1914 and 1918 Ankara station had no passenger service and very little freight service. The CFOA and Ankara fell under British control after the War, but the Turkish Nationalists captured Ankara and parts of the CFOA. During the Turkish Independence War, CFOA transported troops from Ankara, as the newly named capital of Turkey, to the front near Eskişehir.[2]

Turkish Republic period (1922-present)[edit]

After the Turkish independence war ended, the passenger train services from Istanbul to Ankara resumed. The CFOA, now under Turkish control, finally opened the line to Kayseri and Ankara was no longer the terminus. CFOA was then acquired by the Turkish State Railways (TCDD) on June 1, 1927 and Ankara station was placed under TCDD control.[3] In 1927 the Anatolian Express was inaugurated as a premier overnight train from Istanbul to Ankara operated by the Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits (CIWL).[4] The current Art deco building was built in 1937 by German architects. As TCDD completed rail lines to other cities, new train services from Ankara such as the 9th of September Express (1939) to Izmir, the Eastern Express (1939) to Kars, and the Southern Express (1944) to Diyarbakır and Kurtalan made Ankara station one of the busiest stations in Turkey. In 1972, the station, along with the track between Sincan and Kayaş, were electrified with 25 kV AC catenary for the Ankara Suburban Railway. In 1993 the Istanbul-Ankara line was fully electrified. In the 1990s TCDD opened a steam museum next to the station. In 2009 a high-speed train service operated from Ankara to Eskişehir.

Service[edit]

A TCDD HT65000 at the Ankara Central Station
A TCDD HT65000 at the Ankara Central Station
Previous Turkish State Railways Next
Sincan
Toward Eskişehir
Yüksek Hızlı Tren
Terminus
Sincan
Toward Konya
Yüksek Hızlı Tren
Terminus
Sincan
Toward İstanbul
Fatih Express
Terminus
Sincan
Toward İstanbul
Ankara Express
Terminus
Sincan
Toward İstanbul
Anatolia Express
Terminus
Sincan
Toward İstanbul
Boğaziçi Express
Terminus
Sincan
Toward İzmir
Karesi Express
Terminus
Sincan
Toward İzmir
İzmir Blue Train
Terminus
Sincan
Toward İstanbul
Van Lake Express
Kayaş
Toward Tatvan
Sincan
Toward İstanbul
Eastern Express
Kayaş
Toward Kars
Sincan
Toward İstanbul
Southern Express
Kayaş
Toward Kurtalan
Eskişehir
Toward İstanbul
Trans-Asia Express
Kayseri
Toward Tehran
Terminus
Çukurova Blue Train
Kayaş
Toward Adana
Terminus
Ankara-Kırıkkale Regional
Kayaş
Toward Kırıkkale
Hipodrom
Toward Polatlı
Ankara-Polatlı Regional
Terminus
Hipodrom
Toward Sincan
Sincan-Kayaş Commuter Line
Yenişehir
Towards Kayaş

Layout[edit]

The station has 6 long platforms: 4 for long distance trains and 2 for commuter trains.

A new station is currently under construction in Ankara; it will serve the new high-speed lines that are being built in Turkey.[5]

One of Turkey's top 50 civil engineering projects[edit]

Turkish Chamber of Civil Engineers lists Ankara Central Station as one of the fifty civil engineering feats in Turkey, a list of remarkable engineering projects realized in the first 50 years of the chamber.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ TCDD Timetables - TCDD Ankara Timetables
  2. ^ a b CFOA History - Trains of Turkey CFOA History
  3. ^ TCDD History -Trains of Turkey TCDD History
  4. ^ The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Steam & Rail - By Colin Garratt and Max Wade-Matthews, page 397
  5. ^ Privatizations & Upcoming PPP-Projects in Turkey Page 28 www.joi.or.jp
  6. ^ The list (Turkish)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°56′10″N 32°50′37″E / 39.936045°N 32.843553°E / 39.936045; 32.843553