Ankara Metro

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Ankara Metro
AnkaraMetroLogo.png
Overview
Locale Ankara, Turkey
Transit type Light rail AnkarayLogo.png
Rapid transit AnkaraMetroLogo.png
Number of lines 4
(1 more under construction)
Number of stations 45[1]
(10 under construction)
Daily ridership 244,930 (average, 2013)
Annual ridership Ankaray AnkarayLogo.png : 35.1 million (2013)[2]
Metro AnkaraMetroLogo.png : 54.3 million (2013)[2]
Total: 89.4 million (2013)[2]
Operation
Began operation 1996 AnkarayLogo.png / 1997 AnkaraMetroLogo.png
Operator(s) Electricity, Gas, Bus General Directorate (EGO)
Number of vehicles 432 (108 Bombardier, 324 CSR) AnkaraMetroLogo.png
33 (Breda-AEG) AnkarayLogo.png
Technical
System length 55.1 km (34.2 mi)[1]
(10.6 km under construction)[1]
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
(standard gauge)
System map
Ankara rapid transit network (with extensions under construction)
Ankara Metro
Arrow Blue Up 001.svg
Sincan Line
under construction
AnkaraMetroLogo.pngBatıkent
AnkaraMetroLogo.pngOstim
Macunköy Depot
AnkaraMetroLogo.pngMacunköy
AnkaraMetroLogo.pngHastane
AnkaraMetroLogo.pngDemetevler
AnkaraMetroLogo.pngYenimahalle
AnkaraMetroLogo.pngİvedik
Ankara River
AnkaraMetroLogo.pngAkköprü
Keçiören Line
under construction
Arrow Blue Up 001.svg
Red Arrow Up.svg to Kayseri, Sivas
Atatürk Kültür MerkeziAnkaraMetroLogo.png
AnkarayLogo.pngDikimevi
UlusAnkaraMetroLogo.png
AnkarayLogo.png 25 railtransportation.svg Kurtuluş
Yenişehir25 railtransportation.svg
AnkaraMetroLogo.pngSıhhiye
AnkarayLogo.pngKolej
AnkarayLogo.png AnkaraMetroLogo.png Kızılay
Arrow Blue Down 001.svg
Çayyolu Line
under construction
AnkarayLogo.pngDemirtepe
Ankara Railway Station25 railtransportation.svg
AnkarayLogo.pngMaltepe
AnkarayLogo.pngTandoğan
AnkarayLogo.pngBeşevler
AnkarayLogo.pngBahçelievler
to Istanbul Red Arrow Down.svg
AnkarayLogo.pngEmek
(Intercity Bus Terminal)
AnkarayLogo.pngAŞTİ
Arrow Blue Down 001.svg
Çayyolu Line
under construction
Söğütözü Depot
Kızılay subway station

The Ankara Metro (Turkish: Ankara Metrosu) is the rapid transit system serving Ankara, the capital of Turkey. At present, Ankara's rapid transit system consists of four metro lines – the light rail Ankaray line, the Batıkent Metrosu (M1) line, and two lines newly opened in 2014, the Çayyolu Metrosu (M2) and Törekent Metrosu (M3) lines. The Ankaray and M1 lines together transported 89.4 million passengers in 2013,[2] which corresponds to a ridership of approximately 244,930 per day.

One additional metro line between Tandoğan and Keçiören (M4) is currently under construction and projected to be open in December 2014.[citation needed] Also, an additonal line (approx. 30 km long) between Kızılay and Ankara Esenboğa Airport is in the planning stages and would make up the next phase of expansion of the metro.

History[edit]

Ankaray[edit]

The Ankaray (from Turkish: Ankara ray, meaning Ankara rail), a light rail system (Turkish: Hafif Raylı,[3] which literally translates as "Light Rail", though the line does operate as more of a "light metro" line), was the first phase of the modern rapid transit network of the city. The Ankaray was constructed by a consortium headed by Siemens over a period of four years (1992-1996). It opened on 20 August 1996. The line runs between AŞTİ (Turkish: Ankara Şehirlerarası Terminal İşletmesi – Ankara Intercity Bus Terminal) and Dikimevi, covering a distance of 8.53 kilometres (5.30 mi), of which 6.68 kilometres (4.15 mi) is through underground tunnels.[4] The line has 11 stations.[4]

The Ankaray line is planned to be extended to a length of 22 kilometres (14 mi) with a carrying capacity of 25,000 passengers per hour per direction, by 2015.[citation needed]

Ankara Metro[edit]

The Ankara Metro, has been operating since 29 December 1997, with the opening of its first full metro line, M1, traveling between Kızılay, the city center, and Batıkent.

The M2 line, operating from Kızılay, the city center, to Koru, opened 12 February 2014. The M3 line, which serves almost as an extension of the M1 line, operating from Batıkent to Törekent, opened a month later on 13 March 2014.

Future Service[edit]

Construction of the following metro line is currently underway:

The prime minister announced the opening of the Tandoğan-Keçiören (M4) line in 2014.[5]

Another extension of the network to the south is being considered. The TBMMDikmen line would run for 4.8 km and have five new stations.

The expanded Ankara Metro is expected to reach a carrying capacity of 58,000 passengers per hour per direction in the near future.[citation needed]

Operations[edit]

Lines[edit]

The following table lists the four metro lines (including the Ankaray line) currently in service on the Ankara Metro:

Line Route Opened Length[1] Stations[1]
AnkarayLogo.png Ankaray Dikimevi ↔ AŞTİ (Ankara Şehirlerarası Terminal İşletmesi - Ankara Intercity Bus Terminal) 1996 8.53 km (5.30 mi) 11
AnkaraMetroLogo.png M1 KızılayBatıkent 1997 14.66 km (9.11 mi) 12
AnkaraMetroLogo.png M2 KızılayKoru 2014 16.59 km (10.31 mi) 11
AnkaraMetroLogo.png M3 BatıkentTörekent 2014 15.36 km (9.54 mi) 11
TOTAL: 55.14 km (34.26 mi) 45

Current stations[edit]

Ankaray (A1)[edit]

Batıkent Metrosu (M1)[edit]

Çayyolu Metrosu (M2)[edit]

Törekent Metrosu (M3)[edit]

  • Batıkent (transfer to: M1)
  • Bati Merkezi
  • MESA
  • Botanik
  • Istanbul yolu
  • Eryaman 1-2
  • Eryaman 5
  • Devlet Mah.
  • Harikalar Diyari
  • Fatih
  • OSB-Törekent

Rolling stock[edit]

Ankara Metro H-series metro car

Ankaray[edit]

Ankaray vehicles on the Ankaray line are Siemens-Adtranz-Ansaldobreda, S.P.A. (AnsaldoBreda) M1, M2, and M3 trains, which have a top speed of 80 km/h (50 mph) (operational speed: 38 km/h (24 mph)),[4] and are equipped with regenerative braking.

The system is served by 11 three-car trainsets.[4] Each traincar is 29-metre (95 ft) long, with 60 seats, and can transport a maximum of 308 passengers;[4] thus each three-car trainset is approximately 90-metre (300 ft) long and can transport 925 passengers per train. The current passenger volume capacity on the Ankaray line is 27,000 passengers per hour per direction (PPHPD).[4]

Ankara Metro[edit]

The vehicles used on the Ankara Metro are Bombardier Transportation-built modified versions of Toronto, Canada's H6 subway model, which were originally built by Urban Transportation Development Corporation (UTDC), a company later purchased by Bombardier. The system has a total of 108 vehicles, which are usually configured as 18 six-car trainsets. The cars have no forward- or rear-facing seats, and no seats at the front or rear. The car's seats are made of rigid plastic.

Ankara Metro in popular culture[edit]

  • Behzat Ç. - Seni kalbime gömdüm (2011)[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "GENERAL DIRECTORATE of EGO - THE SUBWAY SYSTEMS - OPERATED RAIL SYSTEM LINES". General Directorate of EGO. 29 August 2012. Retrieved 2014-05-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d "RAYLI SİSTEM İŞLETMELERİ 2013 YILI YOLCU SAYILARI" [PASSENGER RAIL SYSTEM NUMBERS YEAR 2013] (pdf) (in Turkish). EGO Genel Müdürlüğüne [General Directorate of EGO]. April 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-23. 
  3. ^ "Ankaray" (in Turkish). Ankaray LRT. Retrieved 2014-05-24. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "TEKNİK ÖZELLİKLER" [TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS] (in Turkish). Ankaray LRT. Retrieved 2014-05-24. 
  5. ^ PM Erdoğan attends test drive of overdue Ankara metro line www.hurriyetdailynews.com
  6. ^ "Behzat Ç. - Seni kalbime gömdüm (2011)". Internet Movie Database (IMDb). Amazon.com. Retrieved 2014-05-23. 

Ankara metro construction resumes soon in: [1] February 2012

External links[edit]