Ankhmakis (or Ankhonnophris, Khaonnophris, Chaonnophris, or Ankmachis) was the second Pharaoh of the rebel 35th dynasty, which controlled much of Upper Egypt during the reigns of Ptolemies IV and V. His rule lasted from approximately 199 to 185 BC.
He succeeded Hugronaphor as king of Upper Egypt to the throne in 199, or thereabouts, and managed to win back as much as 80% of the country. He held Lykopolis (modern Asyut) in 197 BC but was later forced to withdraw to Thebes. The war between North and South continued until 185 BC with his arrest by Ptolemaic General Conanus. The Rosetta Stone was carved in a gesture of thanks to the priests for helping to defeat him.
Little is known about the details of his reign as most of records thereof were destroyed.
- History of the Ptolemaic Empire by Günther Hölbl, Routledge 2000, pp. 155ff.
- Daily Life Of The Nubians by Robert Steven Bianchi, Greenwood Press 2004, p. 224
- The Jews of Egypt: From Rameses II to Emperor Hadrian by Joseph Mélèze Modrzejewski, Princeton University Press 1997, p. 150
- Willy Clarysse (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven), The Great Revolt of the Egyptians, Lecture held at the Center for the Tebtunis Papyri, University of California at Berkeley, on March 16, 2004, accessed 15 August 2006
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