Pioneer High School (Ann Arbor, Michigan)
||This article possibly contains original research. (June 2009)|
|Pioneer High School|
Home of Purple Pride
|Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States|
|Established||October 5, 1856|
|Locale||Ann Arbor Public Schools|
|Color(s)||Purple & White|
|Mascot||Woody the Pioneer|
|Rivals||Huron High School|
Pioneer High School is a public school in Ann Arbor, Michigan, with a rich tradition in the arts and sciences. In 2010, Pioneer was listed as a "Silver Medal School" by the U.S. News & World Report.
In previous years Huron High School, another secondary school in Ann Arbor, Michigan and Pioneer were among the largest high schools in the state, however due to the addition of Skyline High School enrollment numbers have declined.
Founded in 1856, Pioneer High School has held several names and occupied various buildings in its 150 years of existence. First known as the Union School, the institution opened on October 5, 1856. The school was later renamed Ann Arbor High School, and its yearbook, The Omega, was first published in 1884. In 1904, Ann Arbor High School burned down, and the rebuilt high school opened in 1906 at the corner of Huron and State Streets in Ann Arbor. This structure was later known as the Frieze Building after it was sold to the University of Michigan; it was demolished by the university in early 2007 to make way for the new North Quad residence hall. Through a local essay contest run by The Ann Arbor News, the mascot nickname, the Pioneers, was chosen in 1936. The land on which the school currently resides, sitting directly southwest of the University of Michigan Football Stadium, which the University uses as a parking lot on football Saturdays, on West Stadium Boulevard at South Main Street, was purchased in 1953. Construction of the building was completed before Ann Arbor High moved to the new location in the fall of 1956. By the 1960s, the new building had already reached capacity, and thus, in 1967, the school board established Huron High School, the city's second comprehensive high school, on the city's east side, and renamed the old school to Pioneer High School. In 1968, before Huron's building was completed, students from the old and new schools shared the Pioneer building in a split schedule, with Pioneer students attending classes in the morning and Huron students in the afternoon.
In 1971, Pioneer II, an experimental off-shoot of Pioneer High School, was established. The school utilized a small, self-selected group of Pioneer faculty and students working under "free-school" principles, and eventually became Earthworks High School before merging with Community High School in 1978.
World's First High School Planetarium
Pioneer High School is the first high school in the world to have a planetarium. Currently, it holds the record for being the longest continuously run planetarium in a school in the western hemisphere.
The Pioneer Theater Guild won Class A State Championships in 1986 and again in 1988 when they performed Sam Shephard's Fool For Love. In the fall of 2006, the Pioneer Theater Guild was the first high school theater company to do a stage production of Disney's High School Musical, Willy Wonka, and Miss Saigon. Pioneer Theater Guild has put on several popular productions including Les Misérables, Disney's Beauty and the Beast, Little Shop of Horrors, Romeo and Juliet, Hair, The Wizard of Oz, Thoroughly Modern Millie, and Urinetown. In both 2009 and 2010 Pioneer Theatre Guild placed second in the Michigan Interscholastic Forensic Association's theater competition.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (December 2011)|
Pioneer has three separate music departments: band, choir, and orchestra. Pioneer's band is split into three different classes. It has a varsity band, concert band, symphony band. The level of skill required to be accepted into the bands are from easiest to hardest. Any students wishing to do band can be accepted to varsity band. Students wishing to move to a higher level band, must audition. Pioneer also offers jazz band.
Pioneer's orchestras are similar in hierarchy of its bands. Its lowest orchestra is philharmonic orchestra followed by concert orchestra and symphony orchestra. Philharmonic orchestra is offered to anyone wishing to join orchestra. Students audition for seats in the concert and symphony orchestras.
Pioneer's music program recently won its sixth Grammy Award from the Grammy Foundation, an award which goes to the best High School music program in the United States each year.
Ann Arbor High School, and its descendant, Pioneer High School, have a long tradition in music, and have benefited from a strong association with the School of Music at the University of Michigan. Joseph Maddy, the first band director, was a shared employee between the University of Michigan Music Department and the Ann Arbor High School Band. Maddy founded the Interlochen Arts Camp in 1926 as a national band and orchestra camp, and Ann Arbor high school students at Pioneer, Huron, and Skyline High Schools have been going to Interlochen for band camp every August for decades. The Pioneer High School Music Program has been recognized on a national level multiple times since 1999, when the GRAMMY Foundation began citing the top high school music programs in the country.
2001–2002 Pioneer H.S. submitted its first application for GRAMMY consideration and was selected as a GRAMMY Signature School, one of the top 100 high school music departments in the nation, and received a check for $1,000.
2002–2003 Pioneer H.S. was selected as a GRAMMY Signature School, that year one of the top 50 high school music departments in the nation, and received a check for $1,000.
2003–2004 Pioneer H.S. was selected as a GRAMMY Gold Signature School, one of the top 7 high school music departments in the nation, and received a check for $5,000.
2004–2005 Pioneer H.S. was selected as a GRAMMY Gold Signature School, one of the top 6 high school music departments in the nation, and received a check for $7,000.
2005–2006 Pioneer H.S. was selected as the National GRAMMY Signature School, the top high school music department in the nation, and received a check for $20,000.
2006–2007 Following its selection as the National GRAMMY Signature School in 2006, Pioneer could not reapply for GRAMMY consideration until the 2009–2010 school year.
2007–2008 Following its selection as the National GRAMMY Signature School in 2006, Pioneer could not reapply for GRAMMY consideration until the 2009–2010 school year.
2008–2009 Following its selection as the National GRAMMY Signature School in 2006, Pioneer could not reapply for GRAMMY consideration until the 2009–2010 school year.
2009–2010 Pioneer H.S. was selected as a GRAMMY Gold Signature School, one of the top 3 high school music departments in the nation, and received a check for $5,000.
2010–2011 For the second time in six years, Pioneer H.S. was named the National GRAMMY Signature School, the Number One high school music department in the nation, and received a check for $15,000.
2011–2012 Following its selection as the National GRAMMY Signature School in 2011, Pioneer could not reapply for GRAMMY consideration until the 2014–2015 school year.
Study Exchange Program
Every other summer (2012, 2014, etc.), Pioneer High School participates in the German-American Partnership Program (GAPP). This program, funded by grants from the U.S. federal government, the German federal government, and private corporations, enables Pioneer students to visit Ann Arbor's sister city in Germany for three weeks, where they live in German families and attend classes at a school there. In return, Pioneer hosts a group of high school students from Germany, who live with Huron families and attend classes at Pioneer. Funding from grants reduces the cost of the program.
- Swimming: The Pioneer women's swim team won the Michigan High School Athletic Association's State Championship in 2000–2007. Swimming World magazine named the team the winner of their fictitious national swim meet for the 2002–2003, 2004–2005 (shared), and 2005–2006 seasons. Four national records were set by Pioneer at the state meet one season.
- Cross Country: The Pioneer Men's Cross Country team has been a dominant running force in the state for over 40 years.
- Field Hockey: Pioneer Field Hockey won 5 straight state championships from 2005–2009, and has 21 titles overall.
- Synchronized Swimming: The small synchronized swimming team has won the state championship 19 times.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (October 2011)|
|Baseball||1898, 2004, 2010|
|Cross Country||1919, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1987, 1990, 1993, 1994, 2008|
|Football||1899, 1908, 1923, 1943, 1952, 1955, 1962, 1984, 1987|
|Golf||1931, 1936, 1945, 1946, 1953|
|Gymnastics||1925, 1965, 1974, 1975, 1979, 1985|
|Ice Hockey||1964, 1966, 1967, 1971, 1984, 1985|
|Swimming||1956, 1957, 1959, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1984, 1985, 1993, 1999, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2009|
|Tennis||1990, 1991, 1993, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 (Spring and Fall)|
|Track||1900, 1907, 2007, 2010|
|Water Polo||1974, 1976, 1980, 1981, 1984, 1988, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2002, 2011|
|Cross Country||1987, 1988, 1997, 2010|
|Field Hockey||1984, 1986, 1987, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2012 |
|Swimming||1979, 1985, 1987, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 2000, 2001, 2002*, 2003, 2004**, 2005*, 2006, 2007, 2008|
|Synchronized Swimming||1990, 1992, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012|
|Tennis||1992, 1998, 2001, 2005, 2010|
|Track||1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2002, 2006, 2007, 2008|
|Water Polo||2000, 2002, 2003, 2009|
Pioneer competes in the Southeastern Conference Red Division (commonly abbreviated SEC-Red) and has one of the greatest high school football programs in the state historically. Pioneer is second behind Muskegon in all-time victories at 699 (as of the 2011 season). 2 MHSAA State Championships and 43 League Championships.
1891: Michigan Wolverines 62 Pioneer 0
To open up the 1891 college football season, the Michigan Wolverines of the University of Michigan played Pioneer (then Ann Arbor High School) at Regents Field on October 10, 1891. Michigan won the game handily as expected by the final score of 62–0. This was the first and only meeting between the two schools.
- Keith Bostic, 1979: Professional football and NFL Coach
- Ken Burns, 1971: Documentary film director and producer
- Ric Burns, 1972: Documentary filmmaker 
- Bob Elliott, 1973: Professional Basketball and Sport Commentator
- Charles J. Guiteau (Student in 1859; did not graduate): Assassin of President James A. Garfield
- Jim Harbaugh, (student in 1982; did not graduate): retired NFL football quarterback, San Francisco 49ers NFL Head Football Coach
- John Harbaugh, 1980: Baltimore Ravens NFL Head Football Coach
- Keith Hefner, 1972: MacArthur Fellow, 1989 
- George Jewett, 1889: first African-American football player in the Big Ten
- Peter Kornbluh, 1974: author on national security
- Iggy Pop, 1965: singer, songwriter, musician, and actor
- (2010). Pioneer High School: Best High Schools – USNews.com.
- (2009). MHSAA enrollment by school: 2009.
- University of Michigan: Regents approve request for site preparation for North Quad. Frieze building's planned demolition.
- Official Pioneer High School History
- SCHOOL HISTORY
- Sharon Woodson, "'Free school' stresses 'learning' rather than 'teaching'", Ann Arbor News, September 19, 1971; Sharon Woodson, "Pioneer II: a close-up look at what goes on", Ann Arbor News, January 17, 1972.
- Miller, Janet (Dec 2, 2011). "Pioneer's Argus Planetarium needs donor for $80,000 in critical upgrades". http://www.annarbor.com. The Ann Arbor News. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
- Arndt, Danielle (Oct 24, 2012). "$100,000 donor steps forward to save Ann Arbor Pioneer's Argus Planetarium". http://www.annarbor.com. The Ann Arbor News. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
- Pioneer Theater Guild Past Productions
- Performing Arts (2006). AAPS: Pioneer High School.
- "German partnership celebrates 45 years of student travel". AAPS News.
-  Ann Arbor Pioneer defeats Ann Arbor Huron 2–0 for fifth consecutive field hockey state title
- "Boys Swimming and Diving Team Champions 1925–2011". mhsaa.com. MHSAA. Retrieved January 10, 2012.
- Cunningham, Peter (October 31, 2009). "Ann Arbor Pioneer defeats Ann Arbor Huron for fifth consecutive field hockey state title". AnnArbor.com. Retrieved January 10, 2012.
- "Girls Swimming and Diving Team Champions 1925–2011". mhsaa.com. MHSAA. Retrieved January 10, 2012.
- , Retrieved 8-13-2012.
- , Retrieved 8-13-2012.
- , Retrieved 8-13-2012.
- "Keith Bostic". databaseFootball.com. databaseSports.com. Retrieved December 27, 2007.
- Ann Arbor Film Festival. 2007. p. 4.
- "Home » Steeplechase Films". Ricburns.com. Retrieved 2013-06-29.
- "Records: Bob Elliott". Ann Arbor Pioneer Athletics. Ann Arbor Public Schools. Retrieved February 21, 2013.
- Jonathan Marwil (1987). A history of Ann Arbor. University of Michigan Press. p. 34.
- Battista, Judy (November 23, 2011). "The Harbaughs' Sibling Rivalry". New York Times. Retrieved January 11, 2012.
- Battista, Judy (November 23, 2011). "The Harbaughs’ Sibling Rivalry". New York Times. Retrieved January 11, 2012.
- Wallace, Anise C. (July 24, 1989). "'Genius' Grant For Founder Of Magazine". The New York Times.
- "PTSO Newsletter". Ann Arbor Pioneer High School. January 2004.
- Ann Arbor Public Schools Educational Foundation, Ann Arbor Public Schools Alumni (accessed 29 October 2013).
- Paul Trynka (Dec 7, 2011). Iggy Pop: Open Up and Bleed. Random House Digital. p. 37.
- AAPS: Pioneer High School
- Official Pioneer Theatre Guild Webpage
- Ann Arbor Public Schools
- Pioneer High School on ArborWiki
- Frieze Building on ArborWiki