Poe at The El Rey Theatre Los Angeles, California, 2010 (Photo by Ray Rae)
|Birth name||Anne Decatur Danielewski|
|Also known as||Realpoe, POE Grooves|
March 23, 1967 |
New York, United States
|Instruments||Vocals, piano, guitar|
Poe (born Anne Decatur Danielewski, March 23, 1967) is an American singer, songwriter, and record producer. Poe's musical style is a unique blend of rock, jazz, electronica, folk, and hip hop elements combining intimate lyrical compositions. Many of Poe's songs have been featured in films and on television. Poe first hit the modern rock charts in 1995.
Some of her early charting singles included "Angry Johnny", " Trigger Happy Jack", " Hello", and "Hey Pretty." Videos for these singles had heavy rotation on MTV. Poe spent six years with Atlantic Records and is currently on her own label, Repoezessed Music Records."
Noteworthy was Poe's early involvement with her online community of fans. Her web site, and the fan sites that supported her early in her career, predated modern social networking platforms and were among the first of their kind. Atlantic Records' Senior Vice President of New Media, Nikki Sleight, referred to Poe's online power and one-on-one communication with thousands attending her concerts as "unheard of and pretty phenomenal" in Sleight's 1997 interview with Web Magazine. 
- 1 Early life
- 2 Early career
- 3 2001–2011
- 4 2012–present
- 5 Charitable work
- 6 Discography
- 7 Poe remixes
- 8 Additional professional projects
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Born in New York City and daughter of Polish film director Tad Z. Danielewski and his wife Priscilla Decatur Machold, Poe and her brother, novelist Mark Z. Danielewski, lived in six different countries before she turned eight. Her father's film directing took the family to Africa, India, Spain, Switzerland, England, and the United States. When Poe was 12, her father moved his family to Provo, Utah where Poe attended junior high school and some of high school. When Poe's parents divorced, Poe, then 16, left home and moved to New York City where she lived in a squat on the lower east side of Manhattan while attempting to connect with her estranged mother. Poe continued submitting schoolwork to her high school in Utah and eventually graduated. She pursued her undergraduate studies at Princeton University, where she organized her first band.
Poe began experimenting with musical samplers and sequencers as a teenager. Noteworthy are her early collaborations with J Dilla (AKA James Yancey, Jay Dee,) of Slum Village. Poe's musical influences ranged "from Black Flag to Bob Dylan -- from Billie Holiday to Tribe Called Quest" according to music writer Stephen Grecco.
On January 28, 1996, The New York Times Arts and Leisure Section named Poe, along with Alanis Morissette, among the defining voices of the current "movement in music" which featured "angry" female artists who were "...articulate, sexually explicit, both lover and fighter...(women who) reject self pity and refuse to define themselves purely in terms of their connection to men." In September 1996, Glamour Magazine published a picture of Poe, with a snarl on her face and wearing a tee-shirt on which she'd written the words, "Happy-Well-Adjusted Female." In the accompanying interview, Poe says "I don't think 'Angry' really sums it up at all!" In the November 14, 1996 issue of Rolling Stone Magazine (issue 747) Poe's album, "Hello," attained a position on the Reader's Top Ten Chart. and in August 1997, Esquire Magazine (vol. 128 no. 2) named Poe, along with Gwen Stefani, Lil' Kim, and Sarah McLachlan among the top 5 "Women Who Rock Our World".
Poe began her first major tour in January 1996, as the opening act for Lenny Kravitz. She and her touring band (Daris Adkins on Guitar, Dan Marfisi "Jones" on Drums, Toby Skard on bass/ and Cameron Stone on cello) then continued touring extensively as headliners and at festivals until 1999, when she stopped to begin pre-production on her second album for Atlantic. Pollstar Magazine reported in 1998 that Poe had performed for approximately 600 shows in a two-year time period.
Poe's first album, Hello, was released in 1995. Musically, the album was described as a sample-rich amalgam of hip-hop, rock, and jazz. Lyrically, the album was filled with literary allusions, film nods, comic book references, and psychological irony. The CD was critically acclaimed. Hits Magazine called "Hello" an "Over-the-top PoMo Masterpiece."
Not long after the album's release, Poe's debut single, "Trigger Happy Jack (Drive By a Go-Go)," broke into the top 20 on the Billboard's Alternative and Modern Rock Charts. "Trigger Happy Jack" was produced by Dave Jerden (Jane's Addiction, Alice in Chains) and featured Matt Sorum (of Guns and Roses) on drums. It featured the lyric "You can't talk to a psycho like a normal human being". The song's video went into high rotation on MTV and introduced Poe to the mainstream. Also in 1997, Atlantic released a Maxi CD and 12-inch vinyl single of "Trigger Happy Jack" which included, "The Drive By Remix" by Steve Lyon, "The Psycho Demolition Mix" by Steve Lyon, an instrumental version of the song, and a "Poe Only" Mix. Poe's second single, "Angry Johnny", broke into the top 10 on Billboard's Alternative and Modern rock charts, and also enjoyed heavy rotation at radio. The song's video received high rotation on MTV. The song featured the line, "I wanna blow you...(pause) away." A promotional Maxi single of the song was released to radio but was never available commercially. This Maxi Single included a "Band Mix" produced by Poe and Matt Sorum (of Guns and Roses) that received heavy rotation at radio.
In August 1997, Atlantic released a Maxi single of the song, "Hello," that included six remixes of the song ("Hello: E-Smoove Funk Mix" by E-Smoove/ "Hello: Modern Mix" by Edge Factor/ "Hello: Nevins Electronica Mix" by Jason Nevins/ "Hello: The Generator Mix by E-Smoove/ "Hello: The Edge Factor Mix" by, Edge Factor, and "Hello: Trial Dub Mix" by Edge Factor.)
Poe's second album, Haunted, was released in October 2000. The album, produced by Poe and Olle Romo was inspired by Poe's discovery of a box of audio tapes that contained recordings of her late father's voice. Listening to those tapes for the first time proved so difficult for Poe that she was hesitant to use them in her music. She was quoted in the Los Angeles Times, "I took these tapes home, and I couldn't listen to them. It was too hard, so I kept finding ways to avoid it. They were sitting on my coffee table next to a boombox for quite some time." Poe was quoted in The New York Daily News about when she finally listened to the tapes, "It was clear how the next few years of my life would be spent."
Haunted was embraced by the press. The Los Angeles Times wrote that "The wait for Poe's follow up to her debut album has paid off with rich, sophisticated, songs of depth and emotional intensity." They instructed audiences to "Think of Haunted as the equivalent of Pink Floyd's The Wall." They added that "Poe's version is more succinct, darker in parts, but just as accessible." The New York Daily News wrote, "Samples of Poe's late father's voice and heartfelt musings weave in and out of the songs on Haunted, providing a narrative structure inside which Poe attempts to put her father's ghost to rest." All Music Guide wrote that "(Poe's) original compositions have the makings for a new music revolution alongside the likes of Radiohead's "Kid A" Elle Magazine credited Poe with "...defining the future of pop". Maxim Magazine called Haunted, "The best mindf**k you'll get all year." The publication Indiana Statesman described Haunted as "one of the most influential and innovative albums of this decade," further claiming that "...this digitally produced album far outshines any studio album produced thus far."
The first single from Haunted, "Hey Pretty", hit the top 20 on the Billboard Modern Rock chart at a time when female musicians and singers in the format rarely got airtime. At the end of 2000, the only two women in the Billboard top 100 year-end Modern Rock Chart were Gwen Stefani and Poe. MTV put the "Hey Pretty" video into heavy rotation, and in July 2001, Poe was invited to be the opening act for Depeche Mode's Exciter arena tour.
Mark Z. Danielewski
Poe's brother, Mark Z. Danielewski, is a best-selling novelist, and as young children Mark and Poe formed a creative relationship wherein Poe would read and edit the pages her brother wrote. In 1997, Poe sent a manuscript of her brother's first novel House of Leaves to Warren Frazier, who was a college friend of hers and who had become an agent at John Hawkins Literary Agency in New York. Warren agreed to represent Mark and eventually secured a publishing deal for Mark at Pantheon Books. In 2000, Pantheon published House of Leaves, releasing it to coincide with the release of Poe's second album Haunted. Poe invited Mark to do a spoken word passage in her "Drive By 2001" remix of the song "Hey Pretty" and also invited him to perform this passage in both her video and live show opening for Depeche Mode. Of his sister's support, Mark recounts how he once in a moment of rage tore the handwritten manuscript of a story called "Redwood" into tiny pieces and threw it into a dumpster. Poe rescued the pieces from the dumpster and taped the entire manuscript back together. It took her two weeks.
In November 2000, Poe performed a tour of Borders Bookstores with her brother. Their set included Mark reading passages from House of Leaves and Poe singing songs that share themes with the book. House of Leaves made the New York Times Best Seller list in April 2000.
Poe's three album deal is lost in Atlantic/AOL Time Warner merger
With Haunted climbing the charts, Atlantic announced that it had renewed Poe's contract for three more albums. They renewed their agreement with the boutique label, Modern/FEI Records (Fishkin Entertainment, Inc.) through which Poe was signed to Atlantic. Atlantic also committed to releasing and distributing Haunted internationally and serviced the album globally. Shortly thereafter, they printed promo copies of "Wild", the second single from Haunted, which included a remix by Static Revenger. Copies of that single were never sent to radio.
A merger of Atlantic and AOL Time Warner was approved by the FCC in January 2001. AOL Time Warner was under close scrutiny to show positive results almost immediately after the merger. With a softening of the economy after the FCC approval, they began close review of all relationships with third party production houses, such as Modern Records
The result was that Poe was dropped from Atlantic's roster of artists. Poe's manager and Modern/FEI label head, Paul Fishkin, stated that "Poe was stunned to be let go as Atlantic had just picked up its option on her next three albums and had already printed promo CDs of her next single 'Wild' and sent them to radio." Val Azzoli, then President of Atlantic, said to Billboard Magazine of dropping Poe, "Poe must be feeling pretty bruised right about now," adding that Atlantic had simply made a business decision. The article points out that it was a strange decision in light of the fact that, "according to SoundScan, Haunted had sold 250,000 copies and the album's first single, 'Hey Pretty', had only come out two months prior." Spinner reflected ten years later on the business decision and its impact stating, "With a gold record under her belt, a critically-acclaimed second album, a new hit single, strong sales, and an arena tour opening for Depeche Mode, Poe was well-established as an important influence. And then, poof—she disappeared." 
In 2002, a story in the August issue of LA Weekly shed some light on the action of Atlantic to drop their rapidly rising artist with commitments and creative work underway. Poe had been signed to Atlantic in 1995 through a boutique label called Modern Records/Fishkin Entertainment Inc. (FEI). Amid the complex merger of Time Warner with AOL in 2000, it came to light that, in spite of the fact that Atlantic was responsible for providing all funding, marketing, publicity, radio promotion, tour support and distribution for the Poe project, Modern/FEI (not Atlantic) in its 1982 distribution deal with Atlantic, was awarded ownership of the masters of all Poe recordings. What this meant for Atlantic was that, by renewing Poe's contract, Atlantic had committed sizable resources to a project in which it would have a financial participation, but not an equity stake in Poe's past, present or future catalogue.
In November 2000, Atlantic/AOL Time Warner first chose to drop the Modern/FEI, and as a result were contractually obligated to pay Modern/FEI an undisclosed amount of money, and effectively release themselves from any further fiduciary responsibilities to Modern/ FEI and/or Poe. This resulted in a pay-off for Modern/FEI and prematurely ended all printing, distribution, marketing, and promotion of Poe's second album Haunted.  In exchange for these monies, Modern/FEI's agreed to give Atlantic a two-year grace period during which Modern/FEI agreed not to do anything commercially with any of Poe's master recordings, enabling Atlantic to sell off their stock of already produced copies of Haunted. As a result, Haunted received no further promotional support and the album faded from the market place.
In 2004, Modern/ FEI sold the Poe Masters for Hello and Haunted to Sheridan Square Music who merged in 2005 with V2 Records, which cataloged the Poe masters under a sub-label called Indie Blue. Indie Blue and Sheridan Square Music were acquired by E-One Music in 2009.
Though Modern/ FEI kept ownership of Poe’s masters until 2004, in 2001 as Haunted was climbing the charts, the label sold its interest in Poe as an artist and in Poe’s future recordings, in a questionable deal to wealthy oil executive and author Robert M. Edsel who bought her contract and kept Poe tied up in court, unable to release new music or perform professionally for nearly a decade. What music Poe did release during that time was generally done under the pseudonym “Jane.” The contract eventually ended after 10 years of legal wrangling, when the Labor Commission of California ruled in favor of Poe. New York Post writer, Miriam Katz, quoted Poe in her 2011 article, “A Decade of Silence”, about Poe’s ten-year legal battles, “My entire life was suddenly under the control of a very powerful man whom I didn’t know, and who didn’t [seem to] mean well. It was a horror story from which I am just beginning to recover.”
Poe was able to perform for charitable events during this period, and she collaborated on film soundtracks and continued to compose and write. Also, her songs were licensed for use in films and commercials.
On September 12, 2012, Poe posted a one-minute song and video on a new mobile platform called PTCH; however, no announcement was made about an official release date. The video features a split narrative told across different frames on a single screen. The song, which repeats the line, "And some say that it loops forever this road that I lose you on every time," is currently titled "September 30, 1955."
Poe is a passionate supporter of The David Lynch Foundation. This charitable organization teaches Transcendental Meditation to children in underprivileged school districts. Poe has played at numerous fundraisers for the foundation, including a show with Donovan at the El Rey Theatre. She performed again for the foundation, along with Ellen Degeneres and Russell Brand, at their Gala Fundraiser at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art on December 3, 2011.
|Year||Album details||Peak chart positions||Certifications
|"—" denotes releases that did not chart|
|Year||Title||Peak chart positions||Album|
|US Alt Rock||US Dance||US Adult Top 40|
|1995||"Trigger Happy Jack (Drive By a Go-Go)"||27||—||—||Hello|
|1998||"Today"||—||—||—||Great Expectations soundtrack|
|"Rise and Shine"||—||—||—||Promo only|
|2000||"Walk the Walk||—||—||—|
|"—" denotes releases that did not chart|
- "Trigger Happy Jack (Drive By a Go Go)" 12 inch vinyl and CD Maxi Single,
- Trigger Happy Jack: The Drive By Remix" by Steve Lyon
- Trigger Happy Jack: The Psycho Demolition Mix" by Steve Lyon
- Trigger Happy Jack: Instrumental" LP mix
- Trigger Happy Jack: Poe Only" LP Mix.
- "Angry Johnny" Promo CD Single,
- "Angry Johnny: The Band Mix."
- "Hello" Promo CD Single,
- "Hello: Band Mix,"
- "Hello" 12 " Vinyl and CD Maxi Single,
- "Hello: E-Smoove Funk Mix" by, E-Smoove,
- "Hello: Modern Mix" by, Edge Factor,
- "Hello: Nevins Electronica Mix" by Jason Nevins,
- "Hello: The Generator Mix by E-Smoove,
- "Hello: The Edge Factor Mix" by, Edge Factor,
- "Hello: Trial Dub Mix" by, Edge Factor.
- "Haunted" Promo CD Single,
- "Haunted: The Chris Vrenna Mix."
- "Rise and Shine" CD Single with Gwen Stefani and Levar Halter,
- "Rise and Shine: Gospel Mix,"
- "Rise and Shine: Acoustic Mix,"
- "Rise and Shine: All Levar."
Additional professional projects
In October 1998, Poe appeared with actor Bruce Willis in the PlayStation video game "Apocalypse". Poe plays Bruce Willis's ex-girlfriend, Mary Magdelene, who had been turned into the evil Plague—one of the deadly horsemen of Apocalypse. Poe also contributed an early version of the song "Control" to the soundtrack of "Apocalypse."
Conjure One projects
In 2002, Poe co-wrote and performed, "Center of the Sun" and "Make a Wish" for Conjure One's self-titled release on Nettwerk Records. "Center of the Sun" was featured in the film X-Men 2. A Special Edition 12-inch vinyl record and a CD single of the song were released in 2003, with remixes by Pete Lorimer – 29 Palms Remix, Junkie XL Remix, and Solarstone's Chilled-Out Remix.
In 2005, Poe co-wrote and performed "Endless Dream," " Extraordinary Way" and "One Word" for Conjure One's second album entitled "Extraordinary Ways." On the original packaging, Poe was credited with the pseudonym, "Jane," due to her legal limitations during that period. Also in 2005, a CD single and 12-inch vinyl records were released of "Extraordinary Way," which included remixes by Antillas and Low End Specialists.
Soundtracks and film work
- Poe contributed the song "Today" to the soundtrack for the movie Great Expectations. The album went Gold later that year.
- Poe collaborated with Danny Elfman, contributing vocals to his score for the film, Anywhere But Here. She contributed the song, "Strange Wind" (co-written with Danny Elfman) to the film's soundtrack.
- Poe contributed a cover of the Oklahoma! show tune "I Cain't Say No" to the soundtrack of the film Welcome to Woop Woop.
- Poe also collaborated with Danny Elfman on the score for Anywhere But Here contributing vocalization throughout the score.
- Poe performed a stylized dance choreography to her version of "Our Lips Are Sealed" (re-imagined as "My Lips Are Sealed") in the film Gossip and contributed the song to the film's soundtrack.
- Poe's song "Haunted" was licensed for use as the end title of Book of Shadows: Blair Witch 2.
- Poe's song "Center of the Sun" was licensed for use in the movie, X-Men 2. Credits are listed as Anne Danielewski, writer, and Poe, performer.
- Poe provided backing vocals for the soundtrack of Repo! The Genetic Opera, notably in the songs "Legal Assassin", "We Started this Op'ra Shit!" (as the singing voice for the character of 'Single Mom') and "Things You See In a Graveyard".
- Poe's song "Hey Pretty" was licensed for use in a Ford television commercial. The commercial aired during the Super Bowl and was aired repeatedly during American Idol (Season 8).
- Poe's song "Haunted" was used in the video game Alan Wake.
- Poe collaborated again with Danny Elfman on the score he wrote for Real Steel original motion picture score. Her vocals are featured in the songs "Why We're Here" and "Parkway Motel".
||Constructs such as ibid., loc. cit. and idem are discouraged by Wikipedia's style guide for footnotes, as they are easily broken. Please improve this article by replacing them with named references (quick guide), or an abbreviated title. (November 2012)|
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- "I loved the incredible story telling in Cole Porter and Dylan songs, and I related terribly to the heartbreak and vulnerability I heard in Billy Holiday's voice. Punk Rock and Hip Hop, on the other hand, influenced me deeply with their language of empowerment and raw immediacy. Those genres demanded a brave refusal to be silenced or forgotten, and that inspired me tremendously." – Poe. Robertson, R. "Poe to Poe" Venice Magazine. December 1995.
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- Grecco, ibid.[broken citation]
- "Spin Fashion: "The Clash" Spin Magazine. September 1995.
- Cannon, Bob. "The Week Singles: "Poe's Slap Happy Groove Turns a Creepy Scenario into a Celebration of Survival" Entertainment Weekly. February 9, 1996.
- Tucker, Karen Iris. "Poe" Time Out Magazine New York. February 7–14, 1996.
- Picardo, Michelle. "The Importance of Being Poe" The New York Times. June 1998.
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- "Top 20 chart" Billboard Magazine. October 17, 1995.
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- Robinson, Lisa. "Rock Talk: Poe's the Boss in the Marcho World of Rock" The New York Post. Tuesday, February 13, 1996.
- Knight, Ibid.
- Poe's Biography – Discover music, concerts, stats, & pictures at. Last.fm (2012-07-04). Retrieved on 2012-12-14.
- Poe - Trigger Happy Jack (Drive By A Go-Go) (Vinyl) at Discogs. Discogs.com. Retrieved on 2012-12-14.
- CVC Report. April 1996.
- Hits Magazine. March 1996
- Chart Album Network. March 23, 1996
- Angry Johnny Lyric Meaning - Poe Meanings. Songmeanings.net. Retrieved on 2012-12-14.
- Chart. Album Network. March 23, 1996.
- Poe - Hello (CD) at Discogs. Discogs.com. Retrieved on 2012-12-14.
- Poe Biography. Sing365.com. Retrieved on 2012-12-14.
- Gebroe, Erin. "Suit Yourself" Live Magazine. October 1998.
- Chart. Billboard Magazine. September 1997.
- Chart. Hits Magazine. September 1997.
- Gold & Platinum Searchable Database - December 14, 2012. RIAA. Retrieved on 2012-12-14.
- Fricke, David. "Poe" Rolling Stone Magazine. November 2000.
- Baltin, Steve. "The Haunting Return of Poe" Rolling Stone Magazine. November 2, 2000.
- Lord, M.G. "Rise and Shine" W Magazine". December 2000.
- S.B. "Poe Haunted" (review) Maxim Magazine. September 2000.
- Poe - Haunted (CD, Album) at Discogs. Discogs.com. Retrieved on 2012-12-14.
- Baltin, Ibid.
- Appleford, Steve. "Record Rack" Los Angeles Times. October 29, 2000.
- Appleford, Ibid.
- Farber, Jim. "A Remarkable Family Album" The New York Daily News. October 29, 2000,
- Newman, Melinda. "The Beat: Poe Haunted by Father's Voice on Atlantic" Billboard. October 14, 2000.
- Appleford, Steve. "Record Rack" Los Angeles Times. October 29, 2000.
- Farber, Ibid.
- Rovi. "Reviews" All Music Guide. November 2000.
- Herman, James Patrick. "Poe: An Introspective Tour De Force" Elle Magazine, Issue 182. September 2000,
- S.B., Ibid.
- Vukelic, Kate. "Poe's Personal Discovery Yields Altruistic Artistry" Indiana Statesman. Monday, February 19, 2001.
- Pesselnick, Jill. "The Modern Age" Billboard. June 9, 2001.
- [dead link]
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- Pesselnick, Ibid.
- Elfman, Doug. "Pulling Off the Shrink Wrap" Los Angeles Times. August 16, 2001.
- Poe – Haunted (Chris Vrenna remix) – Discover music at. Last.fm (2012-07-04). Retrieved on 2012-12-14.
- Baltin, Steve. "Poe Confronts her Demons on Haunted" Venice Magazine. November 2000.
- Aquilante, Dan. "A Novel Piece of Music" The New York Post. November 14, 2000.
- Hetnoff, Jason. "Friends of Friends" The New York Post. Nov 14, 2000.
- Leibovitz, Cheralyn. "Poe Plays it Cool" Vogue Magazine. October 1998.
- Hardy, Ernest. "Poe Evermore" LA Weekly. March 21–18, 1999.
- Poe - Hey Pretty at Discogs. Discogs.com. Retrieved on 2012-12-14.
- Mirkin, Steven. "Depeche Mode; Poe" Daily Variety. Concert Reviews. August 16, 2001.
- Mark Danielewski | The Cult. Chuckpalahniuk.net. Retrieved on 2012-12-14.
- "Bold Prose and Edgy Pop: Poe and Mark Danielewski" Request Magazine. October/November 2000.
- Gatham, Roger (November 24, 2000). "In Person: Mark Z. Danielewski and Poe". Austin Chronicle. Retrieved 2012-12-14.
- Mark Z. Danielewski (The Best Author). Bestuff.com. Retrieved on 2012-12-14.
- Newman, Ibid.
- Locus Online: SFFH Bestsellers, 17 April 2000. Locusmag.com (2000-04-17). Retrieved on 2012-12-14.
- Billboard Magazine, Chart. September 2001.
- Billboard - Google Books. Books.google.com (2001-06-09). Retrieved on 2012-12-14.
- Singer, Maya. "Poe" New York Post. August 21, 2001.
- Taylor, Chuck (editor). "Pick Ups" Billboard Magazine. August 26, 2001.
- Taylor, Ibid.
- Singer, Ibid.
- Bronson, Marena. "AOL Time Warner: A Closer Look at the Largest Media Merger in History". 3.villanova.edu. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
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- Lee, Felicia R. "Tori Drops Her Label" The New York Times. June 4, 2008.
- Robinson, Lisa. "Paths Diverge inside the AOl Time Warner Merger" Vanity Fair. December 2001.
- Newman, Melinda. "The Beat: Waves at Atlantic" Billboard Magazine. November 24, 2001.
- Poe Returns After 10 Years of Legal Battles. Spinner (2010-01-28). Retrieved on 2012-12-14.
- Babayan, Siran. "Free Poe. Free Fiona." LA Weekly. August 11–16, 2002.
- Babayan, Ibid.
- Klein, Alec. "New Firm to Follow Three Leaders" Washington Post. December 15, 2000.
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- Taub, Stephen (November 4, 2004). "AOL Accounting Time Warner Restatement". Retrieved 2012-12-14.
Time Warner Inc. announced that it had set aside $500 million in legal reserves in connection with a government probe and that it will restate its financial results for 2000, 2001, 2002.
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- Katz, Ibid.
- Ragogna, Mike. "From Atlantis To Los Angeles - El Rey: A Conversation with Donovan." HuffingtonPost.com March 19, 2010.
- News. Donovan Unofficial (2010-03-20). Retrieved on 2012-12-14.
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